Skip to main content Accesibility Help

John Biscoe's meteorological and oceanographic observations in the Southern Ocean, 1830–1832

  • Morton J. Rubin (a1)

John Biscoe's voyage of discovery in the ships Tula and Lively, undertaken at the directive of the owners of the firm Messrs Enderby between 1830 and 1833, was the third expedition to circumnavigate Antarctica at a high latitude. This paper presents a digest and assessment of meteorological and oceanographic data recorded by Biscoe on that voyage. These observations, which are not normally easily accessible, substantiate the reputation of Biscoe as an assiduous and careful observer, and, when compared, they expand on the observations made during earlier circumnavigations by James Cook (1772–1775) and Thaddeus Bellingshausen (1819–1821).

Hide All
Biscoe, J. 18301832. Journal of a voyage toward the South Pole on board the brig Tula under the command of John Biscoe with the cutter Lively in company. Unpublished journal. London: Royal Geographical Society.
Cumpston, J.H. 1963. The Antarctic landfalls of John Biscoe, 1831. The Geographical Journal 129 (2): 175184.
Eicken, H., Grenfell, T.C., and Stonehouse, B.. 1988. Sea ice conditions during an early spring voyage in the eastern Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Polar Record 24 (148): 4954.
Enderby, C. 1833. Recent discoveries in the Antarctic ocean. The Journal of the Royal Geograhical Society of London 3 (1): 105112.
Enderby, C. 1861. Letter to Dr Shaw, 4 04 1861. Royal Geographical Society archives.
Fogg, G.E., and Smith, D.. 1990. The explorations of Antarctica: the last unspoilt continent. London: Cassell.
Headland, R.K. 1989. Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jones, A.G.E. 1964. John Biscoe (1794–1843). Mariner's Mirror 50 (4): 271281.
Jones, A.G.E. 1971. John Biscoe's voyage around the world, 1830–1833. Mariner's Mirror 57 (1): 4162.
Jones, A.G.E. 1977. John Biscoe in the Falkland Islands, 1830–1832. Falkland Islands Joumat. 15.
Naval Oceanography Command. 1985. Sea ice climatic atlas: volume 1, Antarctica. Washington, DC: US Department of the Navy, Oceanographic Office (NAVAIR 50–1C–540).
Ross, J.C. 1847. A voyage of discovery and research in the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Ross, M.J. 1982. Ross of the Antarctic. Whitby: Caedmon of Whitby.
Rubin, M.J. 1982a. James Cook's scientific programme in the Southern Ocean, 1772–75. Polar Record 21 (130): 3349.
Rubin, M.J. 1982b. Thaddeus Bellingshausen's scientific programme in the Southern Ocean, 1819–21. Polar Record 21 (132): 215229.
Streten, N.A., and Pike, D.J.. 1980. Characteristics of the broadscale Antarctic sea ice extent and the associated atmospheric circulation 1972–1977. Archiv für Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie Series B 28 (3): 279299.
US Board on Geographic Names. 1969. Antarctica: official name decisions. Third Edition. Washington, DC: US Department of the Interior.
Weddell, J. 1825. A voyage towards the South Pole performed in the years 1822–1824. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed