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The Surtsey eruption and related scientific work

  • S. Thorarinsson
Extract

The course of events of the volcanic activity in Surtsey and the adjacent area can be divided into seven main phases:

Submarine phase I

This phase probably started about 6 November 1963, in a fissure, 130 m deep, running N 35° E to S 35° W, in lat 63° 18′ 22″ N, long 20° 36′ 5″ W, 3 nautical miles west-south-west of Geirfuglasker, the southernmost of the Vestmannaeyjar (Fig. 1) The seismograph at Kirkjubæjarklaustur registered weak earthquakes in this area from 6 to 8 November. During the following week submarine action built up a narrow ridge, presumably mainly consisting of pillow lava, near the bottom of the sea floor, and an increasing amount of hyaloclastites as the ridge came nearer the surface.

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References
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Anderson, R. et al. Electricity in volcanic clouds. Science, Vol. 148, No. 3674, 1965, p. 1179–89.
Einarsson, E.The eruption in Surtsey in words and pictures. Heimskringla, Reykjavík, 1966; [Also in Icelandic, German and Danish.].
Fridriksson, S.Um adflutning lífvera til Surtseyjar [The colonization of dry land biota on the island of Surtsey]. Náttúrufrædingurinn, vol 34, No 2, 1965, p 8389.
Kjartnasson, G. 1966. Stapakenningin og Surtsey [A comparison of table mountains in Iceland and the volcanic island of Surtsey] Natturufrædingurinn, Vol 36, No 1 p 134.
Sigurgeirsson, , Th. Jardedlisfrædirannsóknir í sambandi vid Surtseyjargosid [Geophysical research in connection with the volcanic eruption in Surtsey]. Náttúrufrædingurinn, Vol 35, No 4, 1965, p 188206.
Stefánsson, U.Influence of ths Surtsey eruption on the nutrient content of the surrounding seawater. Sears Foundation: Journal of Marine Research, Vol 24, No 2, 1966, p 141268.
Surtsey Research Society. Surtsey Research Progress Report No 1. The Surtsey Research Society, Reykjavík (mimeo), 1965.
Surtsey Research Society. Surtsey Research Progress Report No 2. The Surtsey Research Society. Reykjavík (mimeo), 1966.
Thorarinsson, S., Einarsson, Th., Sigvaldason, G. and Elisson, G.The submarine eruption off the Vestmann Islands, 1963–64. Bulletin Volcanologique, (Naples), Vol 27, 1964. p 435–45.
Thorarinsson, S. and Vonnegut, B.Whirlwinds produced by the eruption of Surtsey volcano. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol 45, No 8, 1964, p 440–44.
Thorarinsson, S.Surtsey: island born of fire. National Geographic Magazine, Vol 127, No 5, 1965, p 712–26.
Thorarinsson, S.Sitt af hverju um Surtseyjargosid [Some facts about the Surtsey eruption]. Náttúrufrædingurinn, Vol 35, No 4, 1965, p 153–81.
Thorarinsson, S.Surtsey. The new island in the North Atlantic. Reykjvík Almenna Bókafélagid, 1964. and New York, Viking Press, 1967 [Also in German, Danish and Swedish].
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Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
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