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On the Explosion Geometry of Red Supergiant Stars

Abstract
Abstract

We present the observed “continuum” levels of polarization as a function of time for four well-observed Type II-Plateau supernovae (SNe II-P; Fig. 1), the class of SNe decisively determined to arise from red supergiant stars (Smartt 2009). All four objects show temporally increasing degrees of polarization through the end of the photospheric phase, with some exhibiting early-time polarization that challenge existing models (e.g., Dessart and Hillier 2011) to reproduce. A fundamental ejecta asymmetry is present in this photometrically diverse sample of type II SNe, and it probably takes different forms (e.g., 56Ni blobs/fingers, large scale deformation). We acknowledge support from NSF grants AST-1009571 and AST-1210311.

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References
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Dall'Ora M., et al. 2014, ApJ, 787, 139
Dessart L. & Hillier D. J. 2011, MNRAS, 415, 3497
Leonard D. C., et al. 2006, Nature, 440, 505
Leonard D. C., Dessart L., Hillier D. J., & Pignata G. 2012, in: Hoffman J., Whitney B., & Bjorkman J. (eds.), Stellar Polarimetry (New York, AIP), 1429, 204
Richmond M. W. 2014, JAAVSO, 42, 333
Smartt S. J. 2009, ARAA, 47, 63
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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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