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Sedna, 2004 VN112 and 2000 CR105: the tip of an iceberg

  • Rodney S. Gomes (a1) and Jean S. Soares (a1)
Abstract

We review two main scenarios that may have implanted Sedna, 2004 VN112 and 2000 CR105 on their current peculiar orbits. These scenarios are based on perihelion lifting mechanisms that acted upon primordial scattered icy bodies. Supposing that the Sun was formed in a dense star cluster and that the gas giants were also forming while the cluster was still dense, an inner Oort cloud that includes Sedna at its inner edge could have been formed by the circularization of icy leftovers orbits scattered by the gas giants. A putative planetary mass solar companion can also produce a similar population of icy bodies through a perihelion lifting mechanism induced by secular resonances from the companion. A third scenario also dependent on a primordial dense cluster may contribute to adding a significant number of extrasolar icy bodies to the main solar component of the population created by the cluster model. These extrasolar objects are transferred to Sun orbits from the scattered disk of passing stars that were numerous in the dense primordial environment. We compare the scenarios as to the orbital distribution of the induced populations as well as their total mass. We conclude that both the cluster model and the solar companion model can produce icy body populations consistent with Sedna's orbit. It is also quite possible that this inner Oort cloud may be composed of roughly one tenth of extrasolar objects.

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References
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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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