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The Sunspot Activity in the Last Two Millenia on the Basis of Indirect and Instrumental Indexes: Time Series Models and Their Extrapolations for the 21st Century

  • Boris Komitov (a1) and Vladimir Kaftan (a2)

In the present study a time series analysis of three of the most well-known Sun activity data series is made: 1) the Hoyt-Schatten (Group Sunspot Number $\mbox{\textit{Rg}}$)(Hoyt & Schatten 1988); 2) the Schove and 3) the Greenland (Dye-3 ice probe) ‘cosmogenic’ $^{10}Be$ concentration series (Schove 1983, Beer et al. 1998). The series “1” is based on instrumental observations for the last $\sim$400 years. The series “2” is a reconstruction of all Schwabe-Wolf cycle magnitudes after AD 296 by use of historical reports mainly for auroras and naked-eye visible sunspots. The series “3” is an indicator for the processes in outer solar corona and interplanetary space for the epoch AD 1423–1985. Two independent methods for time series analysis are used: 1) the $T$-$R$ periodogramm analysis (Komitov, 1986); 2) the method of Kaftan (2002).To search for other articles by the author(s) go to:

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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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