This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
WF Bosron , L Lumeng & TK Li (1988) Genetic polymorphism of enzymes of alcohol metabolism and susceptibility to alcoholic liver disease. Molecular Aspects of Medicine 10, 147–158.
WJ Chen , EW Loh , YP Hsu , CC Chen , JM Yu & ATA Cheng (1996) Alcohol-metabolizing genes and alcoholism among Taiwanese Han men. British Journal of Psychiatry 168, 762–767.
BA Clevidence , ME Reichman , JT Judd , RA Muesing , A Schatzkin , EJ Schaefer , Z Li , J Jenner , CC Brown , M Sunkin , WS Campbell & PR Taylor (1995) Effects of alcohol consumption on lipoproteins of premenopausal women: A controlled diet study. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 15, 179–184.
R Doll , R Peto , E Hall , K Wheatley & R Gray (1994) Mortality in relation to consumption of alcohol: 13 years' observations on male British doctors. British Medical Journal 309, 911–918.
Y Dong , L Poellinger , S Okret , JO Hoog H von Bahr-Lindstrom , H Jornvall & JA Gustafsson (1988) Regulation of gene expression of class I alcohol dehydrogenase by glucocorticoids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 85, 767–771.
G Duester , ML Shean , SM McBride & MJ Stewart (1991) Retinoic acid response element in the human alcohol dehydrogenase gene ADH3: Implications for regulation of retinoic acid synthesis. Molecular Cell Biology 11, 1638–1646.
EN Frankel , J Kanner , JB German , E Parks & JE Kinsella (1993) Inhibition of oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein by phenolic substances in red wine. Lancet 341, 454–457.
M Frezza C di Padova , G Pozzato , M Terpin , E Baraona & CS Lieber (1990) High blood alcohol levels in women. The role of decreased gastric alcohol dehydrogenase activity and first-pass metabolism. New England Journal of Medicine 322, 95–99.
N Gall (2001) Is wine good for your heart? A critical review. Postgraduate Medical Journal 77, 172–176.
A Galli , J Pinaire , M Fischer , R Dorris & DW Crabb (2001) The transcriptional and DNA binding activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha is inhibited by ethanol metabolism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276, 68–75.
JM Gaziano , JE Buring , JL Breslow , SZ Goldhaber , B Rosner M VanDenburgh W Willett & CH Hennekens (1993) Moderate alcohol intake, increased levels of high-density lipoprotein and its subfractions, and decreased risk of myocardial infarction. New England Journal of Medicine 329, 1829–1834.
KC Goist Jr & PB Sutker (1985) Acute alcohol intoxication and body composition in women and men. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behaviour 22, 811–814.
HE Grenett , ML Aikens , JA Torres , S Demissie , EM Tabengwa , GC Davis & FM Booyse (1998) Ethanol transcriptionally upregulates t-PA and u-PA gene expression in cultured human endothelial cells. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 22, 849–853.
M Gronbaek , A Deis , TI Sorensen , U Becker , P Schnohr & G Jensen (1995) Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits. British Medical Journal 310, 1165–1169.
CL Hart , GD Smith , DJ Hole & VM Hawthorne (1999) Alcohol consumption and mortality from all causes, coronary heart disease, and stroke: results from a prospective cohort study of Scottish men with 21 years of follow up. British Medical Journal 318, 1725–1729.
GH Hartung , JP Foreyt , RE Mitchell , JG Mitchell , RS Reeves & AM Gotto Jr (1983) Effect of alcohol intake on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in runners and inactive men. Journal of the American Medical Association 249, 747–750.
GH Hartung , SJ Lawrence , RS Reeves & JP Foreyt (1993) Effect of alcohol and exercise on postprandial lipemia and triglyceride clearance in men. Atherosclerosis 100, 33–40.
LM Hines , MJ Stampfer , J Ma , JM Gaziano , PM Ridker , SE Hankinson , F Sacks , EB Rimm & DJ Hunter (2001) Genetic variation in alcohol dehydrogenase and the beneficial effect of moderate alcohol consumption on myocardial infarction. New England Journal of Medicine 344, 549–555.
J Kauhanen , GA Kaplan , DE Goldberg & JT Salonen (1997) Beer binging and mortality: results from the Kuopio ischaemic heart disease risk factor study, a prospective population based study. British Medical Journal 315, 846–851.
A Kitamura , H Iso , T Sankai , Y Naito , S Sato , M Kiyama , T Okamura , Y Nakagawa , M Iida , T Shimamoto & Y Komachi (1998) Alcohol intake and premature coronary heart disease in urban Japanese men. American Journal of Epidemiology 147, 59–65.
RD Langer , MH Criqui & DM Reed (1992) Lipoproteins and blood pressure as biological pathways for effect of moderate alcohol consumption on coronary heart disease. Circulation 85, 910–915.
CS Lieber (1999) Microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS): the first 30 years (1968–1998) – a review. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 23, 991–1007.
J Ma , MJ Stampfer , CH Hennekens , P Frosst , J Selhub , J Horsford , MR Malinow , WC Willett & R Rozen (1996) Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphism, plasma folate, homocysteine, and risk of myocardial infarction in US physicians. Circulation 94, 2410–2416.
KA Meister , EM Whelan & R Kava (2000) The health effects of moderate alcohol intake in humans: an epidemiologic review. Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences 37, 261–296.
KJ Mukamal , KM Conigrave , MA Mittleman , CA Camargo Jr, MJ Stampfer , WC Willett & EB Rimm (2003) Roles of drinking pattern and type of alcohol consumed in coronary heart disease in men. New England Journal of Medicine 348, 109–118.
Y Nakamura , K Amamoto , S Tamaki , T Okamura , Y Tsujita , Y Ueno , Y Kita , M Kinoshita & H Ueshima (2002) Genetic variation in aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 and the effect of alcohol consumption on cholesterol levels. Atherosclerosis 164, 171–177.
MS Niederhut , BJ Gibbons , S Perez-Miller & TD Hurley (2001) Three-dimensional structures of the three human class I alcohol dehydrogenases. Protein Science 10, 697–706.
MV Osier , AJ Pakstis , H Soodyall , D Comas , D Goldman , A Odunsi , et al. (2002) A global perspective on genetic variation at the ADH genes reveals unusual patterns of linkage disequilibrium and diversity. American Journal of Human Genetics 71, 84–99.
AG Paice , JE Hesketh , PJ Richardson & VR Preedy (1996) The effect of starvation and ethanol on c-myc messenger RNA expression in the heart. Biochemical Society Transactions 24 212SAbstr
JJ Potter , VW Yang & E Mezey (1989) Influence of growth hormone on the synthesis of rat liver alcohol dehydrogenase in primary hepatocyte culture. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 274, 548–555.
V Purohit (1998) Moderate alcohol consumption and estrogen levels in postmenopausal women: A review. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 22, 994–997.
M Qulali , MA Ross & DW Crabb (1991) Estradiol induces class I alcohol dehydrogenase activity and mRNA in kidney of female rats. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 288, 406–413.
SC Renaud , R Gueguen , J Schenker & A d'Houtaud (1998) Alcohol and mortality in middle-aged men from eastern France. Epidemiology 9, 184–188.
EB Rimm , A Klatsky , D Grobbee & MJ Stampfer (1996) Review of moderate alcohol consumption and reduced risk of coronary heart disease: Is the effect due to beer, wine, or spirits?. British Medical Journal 312, 731–736.
EB Rimm , P Williams , K Fosher , M Criqui & MJ Stampfer (1999) Moderate alcohol intake and lower risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of effects on lipids and haemostatic factors. British Medical Journal 319, 1523–1528.
HD Sesso & JM Gaziano (1999) Alcohol intake and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension 8, 353–357.
Steering Committee of the Physician's Health Study Research Group (1989) Final report of the aspirin component of the ongoing physician's health study. New England Journal of Medicine 321, 129–135.
T Takeshita , K Morimoto , X Mao , T Hashimoto & J Furuyama (1994) Characterization of the three genotypes of low Km aldehyde dehydrogenase in a Japanese population. Human Genetics 94, 217–223.
R Teschke , FJ Wannagat , F Lowendorf & G Strohmeyer (1986) Hepatic alcohol metabolizing enzymes after prolonged administration of sex hormones and alcohol in female rats. Biochemical Pharmacology 35, 521–527.
JB Whitfield , ME O'Brien , BN Nightingale , G Zhu , AC Heath & NG Martin (2003) ADH genotype does not modify the effects of alcohol on high-density lipoprotein. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 27, 509–514.
JM Yuan , RK Ross , YT Gao , BE Henderson & MC Yu (1997) Follow-up study of moderate alcohol intake and mortality among middle aged men in Shanghai, China. British Medical Journal 314, 18–23.