Abumrad, N. N., Jefferson, L. S., Rannels, S. R., Williams, P. E., Cherrington, A. D. & Lacy, W. W. (1982). Role of insulin in the regulation of leucine kinetics in the conscious dog. Journal of Clinical Investigation 70, 1031–1041.
Addae, S. K. & Lotspeich, W. D. (1968). Relation between glutamine utilization and production in metabolic acidosis. American Journal of Physiology 215, 269–277.
Ardawi, M. S. M. & Newsholme, E. A. (1985). Fuel utilization in colonocytes of the rat. Biochemical Journal 231, 713–719.
Ashy, A. A. & Ardawi, M. S. M. (1988). Glucose, glutamine and ketone body metabolism in human enterocytes. Metabolism 37, 602–609.
Cersosimo, E., Williams, P. E., Radosevich, P. M., Hoxworth, B. T., Lacy, W. W. & Abumrad, N. N. (1986). Role of glutamine in adaptations in nitrogen metabolism during fasting. American Journal of Physiology 250, E622–E628.
Felig, P., Wahren, J., Karl, I., Cerasi, F., Luft, R. & Kipnis, D. M. (1973). Glutamine and glutamate metabolism in normal and diabetic subjects. Diabetes 22, 573–576.
Fukushima, R., Saito, I. I., Taniwaka, K., Hiramatu, T., Morioka, Y. & Abumrad, N. N. (1992). Different roles of IL-1 and TNF on hemodynamics and inter-organ amino acids metabolism in awake dogs. American Journal of Physiology 262, E275-E281.
Geer, R. J., Williams, P. E., Lairmore, T. & Abumrad, N. N. (1987). Glucagon: An important stimulator of gut and hepatic glutamine metabolism. Surgical Forum 38, 27–29.
Hourani, H., Lacy, D. B., Nammour, T. M., Abumrad, N. N. & Morris, J. A. (1990). Differential effects of alpha and beta adrenergic blockade on glucose and lactate metabolism during acute stress. Journal of Trauma 30, 1116–1124.
Hourani, H., Williams, P. E., Morris, J. A., May, M. E. & Abumrad, N. N. (1990). Effect of insulin-induced hypoglycemia on protein metabolism in vivo. American Journal of Physiology 259, E342–E350.
McCallister, B., Miller, B. M., Lacy, W. W., McRae, J. & Abumrad, N. N. (1983). The effect of acute and chronic glucocorticoid excess on leucine kinetics and on protein turnover in vivo. Journal of Surgical Research 35, 426–432.
Marliss, E., Aoki, T. T., Pozefsky, T., Most, A. S. & Cahill, G. F. Jr (1971). Muscle and splanchnic glutamine and glutamate metabolism in post-absorptive and starved man. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50, 814–817.
Miller, B. M., Cersosimo, E., McRae, J., Williams, P. E., Lacy, W. W. & Abumrad, N. N. (1983). Inter-organ relationships of alanine and glutamine during fasting in the conscious dog. Journal of Surgical Research 35, 310–318.
Miller, B., Hoxworth, B., Buckspan, R., Nanney, L., Lacy, W. W. & Abumrad, N. N. (1984). Leupeptin's effect on organ weight, RNA, DNA, and protein content after long bone fracture in the rat. Journal of Surgical Research 36, 453–461.
Molina, P. E. & Abumrad, N. N. (1994 a). Gut-derived proteolysis during insulin-induced hypoglycemia: the pain that breaks down the gut. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 18, 549–556.
Molina, P. E. & Abumrad, N. N. (1994 b). Hypothalamus, glucopenia and fuel mobilization. In Organ Metabolism and Nutrition: Ideas for Future Critical Care, pp. 69–90 [Kinney, J. M. and Tucker, H. N. editors]. New York: Raven Press.
Molina, P. E., El Tayeb, H., Hourani, H., Okamura, K., Nanney, L. B., Williams, P. & Abumrad, N. N. (1993). Hormonal and metabolic effects of neuroglucopenia. Brain Research 614, 99–108.
Mommsen, T. P. & Walsh, P. J. (1989). Evolution of urea synthesis in vertebrates. The piscine connection. Science 243, 72–75.
Neptune, E. M. & Mitchell, T. G. (1964). Sodium and water transport by the everted rabbit intestinal sac. Federation Proceedings 23, 152 Abstr.
Newsholme, E. A., Crabtree, B. & Ardawi, M. S. M. (1985). The role of high rates of glycolysis and glutamine utilization in rapidly dividing cells. Bioscience Reports 5, 393–400.
Newsholme, E. A., Newsholme, P., Curi, R., Challoner, E. & Ardawi, M. S. M. (1988). A role for muscle in the immune system and its importance in surgery, trauma, sepsis and burns. Nutrition 4, 261–268.
Pinkus, L. M. & Windmueller, H. G. (1977). Phosphate-dependent glutaminase of small intestine: localization and role in intestinal glutamine metabolism. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 182, 506–517.
Rapaport, S., Rost, J. & Shultz, M. (1970). On the metabolic regulation of glycolysis in erythrocytes. Bulletin of the Society of Clinical Biology 52, 1169–1186.
Souba, W., Smith, R. J. & Wilmore, D. W. (1985). Glutamine metabolism by the intestinal tract. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 9, 608–617.
Wasserman, D. H., Geer, R. J., Rice, D. E., Tracy, D., Flakoll, P. J., Brown, L. L., Hill, J. O. & Abumrad, N. N. (1991). Interaction of exercise and insulin action in man. American Journal of Physiology 260, E37–E45.
Wasserman, D. H., Geer, R. J., Williams, P. E., Becker, T., Lacy, D. B. & Abumrad, N. N. (1991). Interaction of gut and liver in nitrogen metabolism during exercise. Metabolism 40, 307–314.
Wasserman, D. H., Lacy, D. B., Goldstein, R. E. & Cherrington, A. D. (1989). Exercise-induced fall in insulin and hepatic carbohydrate metabolism during exercise. American Journal of Physiology 256, E500–E508.
Wasserman, D. H., Spalding, J. S., Lacy, D. B., Colburn, C. A., Goldstein, R. E. & Cherrington, A. D. (1989). Glucagon is a primary controller of the increments in hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis during muscular work. American Journal of Physiology 257, E108–E117.
Welbourne, T. C. (1987). Inter-organ glutamine flow in metabolic acidosis. American Journal of Physiology 253, F1069–F1076.
Williams, P. E., Flakoll, P. J., Prexes-Steed, M. & Abumrad, N. N. (1992). Surgical models to measure organ amino acid metabolism. In Modern Methods in Protein Nutrition and Metabolism, pp. 167–194 [Nissen, S. editor]. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Windmueller, H. G (1982). Glutamine utilization by the small intestine. Advances in Enzymology 53, 201–215.
Windmueller, H. G. & Spaeth, A. E. (1974). Uptake and metabolism of plasma glutamine by the small intestine. Journal of Biological Chemistry 249, 5070–5079.
Windmueller, H. G. & Spaeth, A. E. (1975). Intestinal metabolism of glutamine and glutamate from the lumen as compared to glutamine from blood. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 171, 662–672.