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Excavations at Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar

  • J. d'A. Waechter

Gorham's Cave is one of a group of seven which lie at the base of the cliffs on the east side of Gibraltar, below Europa Advance Road, which is about two hundred feet above them. There is now a beach in front of the five southern caves but this has only been in existence for a few years, and arose from the depositing of tunnel spoil over the cliff edge. Four of the caves are named, starting from the south end of the beach, Bennett's, Gorham's, Vanguard and Boathoist; the remaining three have local names which change from time to time. The beach, which is now called Anderson Beach, will probably disappear in a few years and the sea will again reach the base of the cliffs.

The cave is named after Major A. Gorham who explored a fissure at the back of the main cave in 1907, and for convenience both have been called by his name. The finding of an archaeological deposit was due originally to two members of R.E.M.E., when temporary access had been made to the beach from the cliffs above, and excavations were carried out in the upper level by Captain G. B. Alexander, R.E., and Lieut. Monke, R.E.

In 1948 the Governor of Gibraltar asked that full scale excavations should be carried out and two seasons' work have now been devoted to the cave under his patronage and with the help of funds supplied by the Percy Sladen Memorial Fund.

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Breuil, H. and Obermaier, H. 1915. La Pileta. Monaco.
Garrod, D. A. E. 1928. ‘The Excavation of a Mousterian Rock Shelter at the Devil's Tower, Gibraltar’. Journ. Roy. Anthrop. Inst. (Figs. 7, 8, 9, 10).
Obermaier, H.Fossil Man in Spain. 1924. New Haven. (Fig. 76).
Pericot Garcia, L. 1942. La Cueva del Parpalló. Madrid. (Figs. 64 and 65).
Such, M. ‘Hoyo de la Mina’, 19191920. Boletin de la Sociedad Malaguena de Ciencias, Malaga (Page 75).
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Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • ISSN: 0079-497X
  • EISSN: 2050-2729
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-prehistoric-society
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