Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Pit Clusters and the Temporality of Occupation: an Earlier Neolithic Site at Kilverstone, Thetford, Norfolk

  • Duncan Garrow, Emma Beadsmoore and Mark Knight (a1)
Abstract

This paper discusses 226 earlier Neolithic pits found at Kilverstone in Norfolk. In particular, it focuses on the dynamics involved in the site's creation, investigating what had happened to the material found in the pits prior to deposition, and exploring the material connections (refitting sherds and flints) across the site. As a result of these material insights, it proved possible to shed important light on the character of that place in particular, and on the temporality of Neolithic deposition and occupation in general.

Résumé

Cet article examine 226 fosses du néolithique ancien découvertes à Kilverstone dans le Norfolk. Il se concentre en particulier sur la dynamique impliquée dans la création du site, nous examinons ce qui était arrivé aux matériaux trouvés dans les fosses avant qu'ils y soient déposés.et nous explorons les liens entre les matériaux (réassemblant éclats et silex) sur l'ensemble du site. A la suite de cette observation des matériaux, il s'est avéré possible d'apporter une importante lumière au caractère de cet endroit en particulier, et à la nature temporaire des dépôts et des occupations néolithiques en général.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Beitrag diskutiert 226 frühneolithische Gruben, die in Kilverstone in Norfolk gefunden worden sind. Der Artikel widmet sich im besonderen der Dynamik der Entstehung einer Fundstelle, indem untersucht wird, was mit dem Material vor seiner Deponierung passierte, das in den Gruben gefunden wurde, und indem die materiellen Verbindungen (Wiederanpassung von Scherbenmaterial und Feuerstein) der gesamten Fundstelle erforscht werden. Durch diese Analysen hat sich gezeigt, dass sowohl neue Erkenntnisse zur Bedeutung und Art des Platzes als auch zur temporären Dauer Neolithischer Ablagerungen und Besiedlung gewonnen werden konnten.

Résumen

Este trabajo estudia 226 fosos del primer Neolítico hallados en Kilverstone en Norfolk. En particular, se centra en la dinámica de la creación del yacimiento, investigando lo que le ocurrió al material encontrado en los fosos antes de su deposición, y explorando las conexiones materiales (ensamblaje de fragmentos de cerámica y sílex) a través del yacimiento. Como resultado de la interpretación de los materiales ha sido posible clarificar el carácter de este lugar en particular, y de la temporalidad de las deposiciones y ocupación en el neolítico en general.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Chapman J. 2000a. Fragmentation in Archaeology. London: Routledge
Chapman J. 2000b. Pit digging and structured deposition in the Neolithic and Copper Age. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 66, 6187
Clark J.G.D., Higgs E., & Longworth I. 1960. Excavations at the Neolithic site at Hurst Fen, Mildenhall, Suffolk (1954, 1957 and 1958). Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 26, 202–45
Darvill T. 1996. Neolithic buildings in England, Wales and the Isle of Man. In Darvill T. & Thomas J. (eds), Neolithic Houses in Northwest Europe and Beyond, 77112. Oxford: Oxbow
Edmonds M. 1997. Taskscape, technology and tradition. Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 29, 99110
Edmonds M. 1999. Ancestral Geographies of the Neolithic: landscapes, monuments and memory. London: Routledge
Evans C. & Knight M. 1997. The Barleycroft Paddocks Excavations, Cambridgeshire. Cambridge: unpublished Cambridge Archaeological Unit Report 218
Evans C., Pollard J. & Knight M. 1999. Life in woods: tree-throws, ‘settlement’ and forest cognition. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 18, 241–54
Garrow D., Lucy S. & Gibson D. forthcoming. Excavations at Kilverstone, Norfolk: the Neolithic pits, later prehistoric, Romano-British and Anglo-Saxon occupation and later activity. Cambridge: East Anglian Archaeology
Healy F. 1988. The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Part VI: occupation during the seventh to second millennia BC. East Dereham: East Anglian Archaeology 39
Jones G. 2000. Evaluating the importance of cultivation and collecting in Neolithic Britain. In Fairbairn A. (ed.), Plants in Neolithic Britain and Beyond, 7984. Oxford: Oxbow/Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Paper 5
Mook W.G. 1986. Business meeting: recommendations/resolutions adopted by the twelfth International Radiocarbon Conference. Radiocarbon 28, 799
Needham S. & Spence T. 1997. Refuse and the formation of middens. Antiquity 71, 7790
Pollard J. 1999. ‘These places have their moments’: thoughts on settlement practices in the British Neolithic. In Brück J. & Goodman M. (eds), Making Places in the Prehistoric World: themes in settlement archaeology, 7693. London: University College
Pollard J. 2000. Neolithic occupation practices and social ecologies from Rinyo to Clacton. In Ritchie A. (ed.), Neolithic Orkney in its European Context, 363–9. Cambridge: McDonald Institute
Pollard J. 2001. The aesthetics of depositional practice. World Archaeology 33, 315–33
Rowley-Conwy P. 2000. Through a taphonomic glass, darkly: the importance of cereal cultivation in prehistoric Britain. In Huntley J. & Stallibrass S. (eds), Taphonomy and Interpretation, 4353. Oxford: Oxbow
Rowley-Conwy P. 2003. No fixed abode? Nomadism in the northwest European Neolithic. In Burenhult G. & Westergaard S. (eds), Stones and Bones: formal disposal of the dead in Atlantic Europe during the Mesolithic–Neolithic interface 6000–3000 BC, 115–44. Oxford: British Archaeological Report S1201
Stuiver M., Reimer P., Bard J., Beck J., Burr G., Hughen K., McCormac F., van der Plicht J. & Spurk M. 1998. INTCAL98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24,000–0 cal BP. Radiocarbon 40, 1041–84
Thomas J. 1999. Understanding the Neolithic. London: Routledge
Wainwright G. 1972. The excavation of a Neolithic settlement on Broome Heath, Ditchingham, Norfolk. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 38, 197
Whittle A. 1997. Moving on and moving around: Neolithic settlement mobility. In Topping P. (ed.), Neolithic Landscapes, 1522. Oxford: Oxbow monograph 86/Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Paper 2
Whittle A. 1999. The Neolithic period. In Hunter J. & Ralston I. (eds), The Archaeology of Britain: an introduction from the Upper Paleolithic to the Industrial Revolution, 5876. London: Routledge
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • ISSN: 0079-497X
  • EISSN: 2050-2729
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-prehistoric-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 33 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 204 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.