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The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES): an instrument worthy of rehabilitation?

  • Maurice Place (a1), Jessica Hulsmeier (a2), Allan Brownrigg (a3) and Alison Soulsby (a3)
Abstract
Aims and Method

There have been a variety of instruments developed for evaluating family functioning, but no specific measure has emerged as appropriate for routine clinical use. The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES) was viewed as a useful tool for a period, but has been less popular of late. This paper looks at its use in families with two very different types of problem to assess its discriminatory ability.

Results

Mothers with depression whose children were not showing mental health difficulties reported a very different pattern of family functioning from those whose children were showing chronic school refusal.

Clinical Implications

The FACES is capable of discriminating between different patterns of family functioning. Its ease of administration, and the information it provides, should recommend it for wider use in clinical settings.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
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Brownrigg, A., Soulsby, A. & Place, M. (2004) Helping vulnerable children to become more resilient. International Journal of Child and Family Welfare, 7, 1425.
Cottrell, D. & Boston, P. (2002) Practitioner review: the effectiveness of systemic family therapy for children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 573586.
Green, R. G., Harris, R. N., Forte, J. A., et al (1991) Evaluating FACES III and the Circumplex Model: 2240 families. Family Process, 30, 5573.
Kahn, J., Nursten, J. & Carroll, H. C. M. (1996) Unwillingly to school: an overview. In Unwillingly to School (eds Berg, I. & Nursten, J.), pp.159173. London: Gaskell.
Olson, D. H. (1989) Circumplex Model of family systems: family assessment and intervention. In Circumplex Model: Systemic Assessment and Treatment of Families (eds Olson, D. H., Sprenkle, D. H. & Russell, C. R. S.), pp.749. New York: Haworth Press.
Olson, D. H. (1991) Commentary: three-dimensional Circumplex Model and revised scoring of FACES III. Family Process, 30, 7479.
Olson, D. H., Sprenkle, D. H. & Russell, C. R. S. (1979) Circumplex Model of marital and family systems. I. Cohesion and adaptability dimensions, family types, and clinical applications. Family Process, 18, 328.
Olson, D. H., Portner, J. & Bell, R.Q. (1982) FACES II: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales. Minnesota: Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
Place, M., Reynolds, J., Cousins, A. et al (2002a) Developing a resilience package for vulnerable children. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 7, 162167.
Place, M., Hulsmeier, J., Davis, S. et al (2002b) The coping mechanisms of children with school refusal. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 2, 210.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES): an instrument worthy of rehabilitation?

  • Maurice Place (a1), Jessica Hulsmeier (a2), Allan Brownrigg (a3) and Alison Soulsby (a3)
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