Music and medicine have been closely associated for centuries. Indeed, Pythagoras believed that if music were used in daily life in a prescribed manner it would make a salutary contribution to one's health, a concept which led him to investigate the physics of sound and to develop the fundamentals of today's tonal system (Munro & Mount, 1978). During medieval times, music was imbued with significant therapeutic properties and used as a mood altering medium, an aid to digestion, an antidote to poison and as a wound healing stimulant. The idea of using a pure sinusoidal tone at a low frequency has been known for centuries, and in primitive cultures instruments and sounds were used to treat psychosomatic disorders (Skille et al, 1989). Today, music is acknowledged as a therapeutic modality, with scientific evidence attesting to its psychological and physiological effects.
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