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Prevalence of hepatitis B virus in people with learning disabilities

  • D. Rajapakse (a1) and R. N. Ranasinghe (a1)
Extract

The prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection is thought to be higher in institutions for people with a learning disability than in the general population (Clarke et al, 1984). People with Down's syndrome are reported to be at higher risk than other learning disability groups. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (Hbs Ag) in Great Britain is in the order of 1 in 500 of the blood donor adult population (Department of Health, 1980). This rate is lower than those reported from countries in Europe, Africa and Asia. The present study was to identify those residents in an institution for people with a learning disability with a positive response to the test for Hbs Ag.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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References
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Blumburg, B. S. & Baruch, S. (1979) Sex differences in response to hepatitis B virus. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 22, 12611266.
Clarke, S. V. R., Caul, E. D., Jancar, J., et al (1984). Hepatitis B in seven hospitals for mentally handicapped. Journal of Infection, 8, 3443.
Department of Health, Welsh Office, Scottish Home and Health Department (1988) Immunisation Against Infectious Disease, pp. 7079, London: HMSO.
Lohiya, S., Lohiya, A. G. & Caires, S. (1986) Sex difference in response to hepatitis B virus. American Journal of Public Health, 76, 799802.
Tevaluoto-Aarnio, M. (1974) Epidemiology of hepatitis B antigenaemia in an institution for the mentally retarded. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Disease, 6, 309313.
Thomson, R. G., James, F. F. W., Tyrer, S. R., et al (1989) Low prevalence of hepatitis B in a mentally handicapped hospital. Lancet, 1, 4445.
Van Damme, P. & Meheus, A. (1989) Hepatitis B in mental handicap hospitals. Lancet, 1, 840841.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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Prevalence of hepatitis B virus in people with learning disabilities

  • D. Rajapakse (a1) and R. N. Ranasinghe (a1)
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