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Psychiatric symptoms in Ground Zero ironworkers in the aftermath of 9/11: prevalence and predictors

  • Craig L. Katz (a1), Stephen Levin (a2), Robin Herbert (a2), Simon Munro (a3), Anand Pandya (a4) and Rebecca Smith (a5)...
Abstract
Aims and Method

To establish the prevalence of, and risk factors for, psychiatric symptoms in Ground Zero ironworkers. Questionnaires commonly used to screen for psychiatric symptoms were completed by 124 workers.

Results

We have established the prevalence of screening positive for symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, panic attacks, generalised anxiety, depression and alcohol misuse. Among the risk factors were alcohol misuse, injury to or death of a family member, friend or co-worker at Ground Zero and one or more adverse life events since 9/11.

Clinical Implications

Ironworkers at Ground Zero tend to have significant psychiatric symptoms likely to be associated with the traumatic experience of working there during the clean-up operation. Risk factors for psychiatric symptoms were established.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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Psychiatric symptoms in Ground Zero ironworkers in the aftermath of 9/11: prevalence and predictors

  • Craig L. Katz (a1), Stephen Levin (a2), Robin Herbert (a2), Simon Munro (a3), Anand Pandya (a4) and Rebecca Smith (a5)...
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