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Women in academic psychiatry in the United Kingdom

  • H. Killaspy (a1), S. Johnson (a2), G. Livingston (a3), A. Hassiotis (a4) and M. Robertson (a5)...
Extract

Although there seems to be a shared impression that the proportion of women in academic psychiatry is substantially lower than in National Health Service (NHS) posts, we are not aware of any empirical data on this. In the USA, women physicians have been shown to be more likely to pursue an academic career than men (Nonnemaker, 2000), but the number who advance to Professor appears significantly lower than expected (Reiser et al, 1993; Nonnemaker, 2000). Women in academic psychiatry in Canada also appear less likely to advance to senior positions than their male colleagues (Penfold, 1987). A recent survey of 44 academic institutions in the UK, carried out by the National Centre for Social Research (Blake & La Valle, 2000), found that women occupied lower grade academic posts than their male counterparts and therefore were less eligible to apply for project research grants. Those that were eligible were as successful in gaining funding as their male colleagues.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
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Blake, M. & La VALLE, I. (2000) Who Applies for Research Funding? London: National Centre for Social Research.
Capek, L., Edwards, D. E. & Mackinnon, S. E. (1997) Plastic surgeons: a gender comparison. Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, 99, 289299.
Carr, P. L., Ash, A. S., Friedman, R. H., et al (2000) Faculty perceptions of gender discrimination and sexual harassment in academic medicine. Annals of Internal Medicine, 132, 889986.
Deitch, C. H., Sunshine, J. H., Chan, W. C., et al (1998) Women in radiology: data from a 1995 national survey. American Journal of Radiology, 170, 263270.
Field, D. & Lennox, A. (1996) Gender in medicine: the views of first and fifth year medical students. Medical Education, 30, 246252.
Limacher, M. C., Zaher, C. A., Walsh, M. N., et al (1998) The ACC professional life survey: career decisions of women and men in cardiology. A report of the Committee on Women in Cardiology. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 32, 827835.
Mangus, R. S., Hawkins, C. E. & Miller, M. J. (1998) Prevalence of harassment and discrimination among 1996 medical school graduates: a survey of eight US schools. Journal of the American Medical Assocation, 280, 851853.
Nonnemaker, L. (2000) Women physicians in academic medicine: new insights from cohort studies. New England Journal of Medicine, 342, 399405.
Penfold, S. (1987) Women in academic psychiatry in Canada. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 32, 660665.
Reiser, L.W., Sledge, W. H., Fenton, W., et al (1993) Beginning careers in academic psychiatry for women – ‘BermudaTriangle?’. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 13921397.
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2001) Annual Census of Psychiatry Staffing. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Stewart, P. (2002) Academic medicine: a faltering engine. BMJ, 324, 437438.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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Women in academic psychiatry in the United Kingdom

  • H. Killaspy (a1), S. Johnson (a2), G. Livingston (a3), A. Hassiotis (a4) and M. Robertson (a5)...
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