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Isle of Wight Studies, 1964–19741

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 July 2009

Extract

The Isle of Wight Studies began in 1964–65 with a series of epidemiological studies of educational, psychiatric and physical disorders in 9- to 11-year-old children. These early studies were financed by the Department of Education and Science and the Foundation for Child Development (then the Association for the Aid of Crippled Children). The findings were fully reported in two books (Rutter, Tizard & Whitmore, 1970; Rutter, Graham & Yule, 1970) and only brief details are included here.

Type
Research Report
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1976

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References

References: (a) Articles and chapters on Isle of Wight studies

Bax, M. & Whitmore, T. K. (1973). Neurodevelopmental screening in school entrant medical examination. Lancet ii, 368370.Google Scholar
Berger, M. & Yule, W. (1972 a). Cross-cultural survey of educational and psychiatric disorders in school children. Final report to the SSRC.Google Scholar
Berger, M. & Yule, W. (1972 b). The prevalence of reading disability and psychiatric disorder in ten-year-old children in an inner London borough. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society 25, 142.Google Scholar
Berger, M., Yule, W. & Rutter, M. (1975). Attainment and adjustment in two geographical areas. II. The prevalence of specific reading retardation. British Journal of Psychiatry 126, 510519.Google Scholar
Fenton, G. W., Fenwick, P. B. C., Dollimore, J., Rutter, M. & Yule, W. (1973). The EEG in adolescence: an epidemiological investigation. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 34, 719.Google Scholar
Fenton, G. W., Fenwick, P. B. C., Dollimore, J., Rutter, M. & Yule, W. (1974). An introduction to the Isle of Wight EEG study. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 37, 325.Google Scholar
Fenton, G. W., Fenwick, P. B. C., Rutter, M. & Yule, W. (1973). The EEG in 14-year-old boys: some normative data obtained by visual inspection of records taken from a random sample of Isle of Wight boys. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 35, 416.Google Scholar
Fenwick, P. B. C., Dollimore, J., Fenton, G. W., Rutter, M. & Yule, W. (1973). EEG autospectral data from a random sample of healthy 14-year-old Isle of Wight boys. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 35, 416.Google Scholar
Graham, P. (1967). Perceiving disturbed children. Special Education 56, 2933.Google Scholar
Graham, P. & Rutter, M. (1968 a). Organic brain dysfunction and child psychiatric disorder. British Medical Journal iii, 695700.Google Scholar
Graham, P. & Rutter, M. (1968 b). The reliability and validity of the psychiatric assessment of the child. II. Interview with the parent. British Journal of Psychiatry 114, 581592.Google Scholar
Graham, P. & Rutter, M. (1973). Psychiatric disorder in the young adolescent. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 66, 12261229.Google Scholar
Graham, P. J., Rutter, M. L., Yule, W. & Pless, I. B. (1967). Childhood asthma: a psychosomatic disorder? Some epidemiological considerations. British Journal of Preventative and Social Medicine 21, 7885.Google Scholar
Maxwell, A. E. (1972). The WPPSI: a marked discrepancy in the correlations of the subtests for good and poor readers. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 25, 283291.Google Scholar
Maxwell, A. E., Fenwick, P. B. C., Fenton, G. W. & Dollimore, J. (1974). Reading ability and brain function: a simple statistical model. Psychological Medicine 4, 274280.Google Scholar
Rigley, L. (1968 a). Relevance of the Isle of Wight study. In Hermelin, R. (ed.), Research Relevant to the Education of Children with Learning Handicaps. College of Special Education: London.Google Scholar
Rigley, L. (1968 b). Learning to read: research and reality. In Loring, J. & Mason, A. (eds.), The Subnormal Child. Heinemann/SIMP: London.Google Scholar
Rigley, L. (1968 c). Reading disability and the Isle of Wight survey. United Kingdom Reading Association, Magazine, 12: Edinburgh.Google Scholar
Rigley, L. (1970). The prediction of reading disability. Remedial Education 5, 5761.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1967 a). A children's behaviour questionnaire for completion by teachers: preliminary findings. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 8, 111.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1967 b). Brain-damaged children. New Education 3, 1013.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1967 c). Psychiatric aspects of multiple handicap: some epidemiological findings. See M. Bax, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 9, 506510.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1969). The concept of ‘dyslexia’. In Wolff, P. & MacKeith, R. (eds.), Planning for Better Learning. Heine-mann/SIMP: London.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1970). Psychiatry. In Wortis, J. (ed.), Mental Retardation: an Annual Review, vol. 3. Grune & Stratton: New York.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1971). Parent–child separation: psychological effects on the children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 12, 235260.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1972). Psychiatric disorder and intellectual impairment in childhood. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 8, 137140.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1973). Why are London children so disturbed? Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 66, 12211225.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (1974). Emotional disorder and educational underachievement. Archives of Diseases of Childhood 49, 249256.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Cox, A., Tupling, C., Berger, M. & Yule, W. (1975). Attainment and adjustment in two geographical areas. I. The prevalence of psychiatric disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry 126, 493509.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. & Graham, P. (1966). Psychiatric disorder in 10- and 11-year-old children. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 59, 382387.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. & Graham, P. (1968). The reliability and validity of the psychiatric assessment of the child. I. Interview with the child. British Journal of Psychiatry 114, 563579.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Graham, P. & Birch, H. G. (1966). Interrelations between the choreiform syndrome, reading disability and psychiatric disorder in children of 8–11 years. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 8, 149159.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Graham, P., Chadwick, O. & Yule, W. (1976). Adolescent turmoil: fact or fiction? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 17, 3556.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. & Yule, W. (1973). Specific reading retardation. In Mann, L. & Sabatino, D. (eds.), The First Review of Special Education. Buttonwood Farms: Philadelphia.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. & Yule, W. (1975). The concept of specific reading retardation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 16, 181197.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Yule, W. & Graham, P. (1973). Enuresis and behavioural deviance: some epidemiological considerations. In Kolvin, I., MacKeith, R. & Meadow, S. R. (eds.), Bladder Control and Enuresis. Heinemann/SIMP: London.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Yule, B., Quinton, D., Rowlands, O., Yule, W. & Berger, M. (1975). Attainment and adjustment in two geographical areas. III. Some factors accounting for area differences. British Journal of Psychiatry 126, 520533.Google Scholar
Sturge, C. (1972). Reading retardation and antisocial behaviour. Unpublished M.Phil, thesis, University of London.Google Scholar
Thompson, J., Rutter, M., Yule, W. & Berger, M. (1976). Paper in preparation.Google Scholar
Tizard, J. (1965). The role of survey and experiment in special education. In Pringle, M. L. Kellmer (ed.), Exploration and Innovation in Child Care. National Bureau for Cooperation in Child Care: London.Google Scholar
Tizard, J. (1967). Survey and Experiment in Special Education. Harrap: London.Google Scholar
Tizard, J. (1968 a). Questionnaire measures of maladjustment: a postscript to the symposium. British Journal of Educational Psychology 38, 913.Google Scholar
Tizard, J. (1968 b). A fresh look at retarded children. World Health, 10–Nov., 1221.Google Scholar
Tizard, J. (1968 c). Rehabilitation and employment of the severely retarded: an overview. In Jervis, G. A. (ed.), Expanding Concepts in Mental Retardation: A Symposium from the Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Foundation. Thomas: Springfield, III.Google Scholar
Whitmore, K. (1975). The contribution of school doctors to a mental health programme. Presidential Address to the Association of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.Google Scholar
Wolkind, S. & Rutter, M. (1973). Children who have been ‘in care’: an epidemiological study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 14, 97105.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1967 a). Some educational aspects of neurological handicaps in childhood. See M. Bax, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 9, 506510.Google Scholar
Yule, W.(1967 b). Predicting reading ages on Neale's Analysis of Reading Ability. British Journal of Educational Psychology 37, 252255.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1968). Identifying maladjusted children. In The Child and the Outside World. Proceedings of the 29th Biennial ConferenceAssociation for Special Education,Coventry.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1969). Maladjustment and reading difficulties. II. The findings of the Isle of Wight studies. Remedial Education 4, 124128.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1970). Children's behaviour questionnaires: some findings from the Isle of Wight survey. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society 23, 125.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1973). Differential prognosis of reading backwardness and specific reading retardation. British Journal of Educational Psychology 43, 244248.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1973). Epilepsy: education and enigma. Special Education 62, 1618.Google Scholar
Yule, W. (1974). Educational retardation and maladjustment. Therapeutic Education, Autumn, 513.Google Scholar
Yule, W., Berger, M., Butler, S., Newham, E. & Tizard, J. (1969). The WPPSI: an empirical evaluation with a British sample. British Journal of Educational Psychology 39, 113.Google Scholar
Yule, W., Lockyer, L. & Noone, A. (1967). The reliability and validity of the Goodenough–Harris Drawing Test. British Journal of Educational Psychology 37, 110111.Google Scholar
Yule, W. & Rigley, L. (1969). A four-year follow-up of severely backward readers into adolescence. In Clark, M. & Maxwell, S. (eds.), Reading: Influences on Progress. United Kingdom Reading Association: Edinburgh.Google Scholar
Yule, W. & Rutter, M. (1968). Educational aspects of childhood maladjustment: some epidemiological findings. British Journal of Educational Psychology 38, 79.Google Scholar
Yule, W., Rutter, M., Berger, M. & Thompson, J. (1974). Over- and under-achievement in reading: distribution in the general population. British Journal of Educational Psychology 44, 112.Google Scholar

(b) Books on Isle of Wight studies

Graham, P., Rutter, M., Chadwick, O. F. D. & Yule, W. (In preparation.) Psychiatric Aspects of Adolescence.Google Scholar
Rutter, M. (ed.). (In preparation). The Child, His Family and the Community.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Graham, P. & Yule, W. (1970). A Neuropsychiatry Study in Childhood. Heinemann/SIMP: London.Google Scholar
Rutter, M., Tizard, J. & Whitmore, K. (eds.) (1970). Education, Health and Behaviour. Longmans: London.Google Scholar
Yule, W., Rigley, L. & Rutter, M. (In preparation.) Reading Difficulties: Prediction, Progress and Treatment.Google Scholar

(c) Other references cited in report

Anderson, E. (1973). The Disabled Schoolchild. Methuen: London.Google Scholar
Behar, L. & Stringfield, S. (1974). A behaviour rating scale for the preschool child. Developmental Psychology 10, 601610.Google Scholar
Burt, C. (1925). The Young Delinquent. University of London Press: London.Google Scholar
Burt, C. (1937). The Backward Child. University of London Press; London.Google Scholar
National Foundation for Educational Research (1971). WPPSI: a British supplement to the manual of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence. N.F.E.R.: Windsor.Google Scholar
Power, M. J., Ash, P. M., Shoenberg, E. & Sirey, E. C. (1974). Delinquency and the family. British Journal of Social Work 4, 1338.Google Scholar
Robins, L. N. (1966). Deviant Children Grown Up. Williams & Wilkins: Baltimore.Google Scholar
Robins, L. N. (1972). Follow-up studies of behaviour disorders in children. In Quay, H. C. & Werry, J. S. (eds.), Psychopathologlcal Disorders of Childhood. Wiley: New York.Google Scholar