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A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 July 2009

D. P. Goldberg
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Manchester
V. F. Hillier
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Manchester

Synopsis

This study reports the factor structure of the symptoms comprising the General Health Questionnaire when it is completed in a primary care setting. A shorter, 28-item GHQ is proposed consisting of 4 subscales: somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. Preliminary data concerning the validity of these scales are presented, and the performance of the whole 28-item questionnaire as a screening test is evaluated. The factor structure of the symptomatology is found to be very similar for 3 independent sets of data.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1979

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References

Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The Detection of Psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire. Oxford University Press: London.Google Scholar
Goldberg, D. P. & Blackwell, B. (1970). Psychiatric illness in a suburban general practice. A detailed study using a new method of case identification. British Medical Journal ii, 439443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, D. P., Cooper, B., Eastwood, M. R., Kedward, H. B. & Shepherd, M. (1970). A standardised psychiatric interview suitable for use in community surveys. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine 24, 1823.Google Scholar
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Goldberg, D. P., Rickels, K., Downing, R. & Hesbacher, P. (1976 b). A comparison of two psychiatric screening tests. British Journal of Psychiatry 129, 6167.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marks, J., Goldberg, D. P. & Hillier, V. F. (1979). Determinants of the ability of general practitioners to detect psychiatric illness. Psychological Medicine 9 (in the press).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wing, J. K., Nixon, J., Mann, A. & Leff, J. P. (1977). Reliability of the PSE (ninth edition) used in a population study. Psychological Medicine 7, 505516.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

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A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire
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