This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
HS Akiskal , LL Judd , JC Gillin , H Lemmi (1997). Subthreshold depressions: clinical and polysomnographic validation of dysthymic, residual and masked forms. Journal of Affective Disorders 45, 53–63.
RF Anda , VJ Felitti , JD Bremner , JD Walker , C Whitfield , BD Perry , SHR Dube , WH Giles (2006). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: a convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 256, 174–186.
F Angelucci , S Brene , AA Mathe (2005). BDNF in schizophrenia, depression and corresponding animal models. Molecular Psychiatry 10, 345–352.
DP Bernstein , JA Stein , MD Newcomb , E Walker , D Pogge , T Ahluvalia , J Stokes , L Handelsman , M Medrano , D Desmond , W Zule (2003). Development and validation of a brief screening version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Child Abuse and Neglect 27, 169–190.
GW Brown , TO Harris (2008). Depression and the serotonin transporter 5-HTTLPR polymorphism: a review and a hypothesis concerning gene–environment interaction. Journal of Affective Disorders 111, 1–12.
F Calafell , J Bertranpetit (1994). Principal component analysis of gene frequencies and the origin of Basques. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 93, 201–215.
A Caspi , K Sugden , TE Moffitt , A Taylor , IW Craig , H Harrington , J McClay , J Mill , J Martin , A Braithwaite , R Poulton (2003). Influence of life stress on depression: moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene. Science 301, 386–389.
DP Chapman , CL Whitfield , VJ Felitti , SR Dube , VJ Edwards , RF Anda (2004). Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood. Journal of Affective Disorders 82, 217–225.
PA Cotter (1998). Sexual abuse is not the only childhood adversity that may lead to later depression. British Medical Journal 316, 1244.
M Dong , RF Anda , SR Dube , WH Giles , VJ Felitti (2003). The relationship of exposure to childhood sexual abuse to other forms of abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction during childhood. Child Abuse and Neglect 27, 625–639.
M Dong , RF Anda , VJ Felitti , SR Dube , DF Williamson , TJ Thompson , CM Loo , WH Giles (2004). The interrelatedness of multiple forms of childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction. Child Abuse and Neglect 28, 771–784.
RS Duman (2002). Synaptic plasticity and mood disorders. Molecular Psychiatry 7 (Suppl. 1), S29–S34.
MF Egan , M Kojima , JH Callicott , TE Goldberg , BS Kolachana , A Bertolino , E Zaitsev , B Gold , D Goldman , M Dean , B Lu , DR Weinberger (2003). The BDNF val66met polymorphism affects activity-dependent secretion of BDNF and human memory and hippocampal function. Cell 112, 257–269.
D Finkelhor (1994). The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect 18, 409–417.
ML Freedman , D Reich , KL Penney , GJ McDonald , AA Mignault , N Patterson , SB Gabriel , EJ Topol , JW Smoller , CN Pato , MT Pato , TL Petryshen , LN Kolonel , ES Lander , P Sklar , B Henderson , JN Hirschhorn , D Altshuler (2004). Assessing the impact of population stratification on genetic association studies. Nature Genetics 36, 388–393.
BE Gibb , JE McGeary , CG Beevers , IW Miller (2006). Serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) genotype, childhood abuse, and suicide attempts in adult psychiatric inpatients. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 36, 687–693.
M Gratacos , JR Gonzalez , JM Mercader , R De Cid , M Urretavizcaya , X Estivill (2007). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met and psychiatric disorders: meta-analysis of case-control studies confirm association to substance-related disorders, eating disorders, and schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 61, 911–922.
A Heils , R Mossner , KP Lesch (1997). The human serotonin transporter gene polymorphism: basic research and clinical implications. Journal of Neural Transmission 104, 1005–1014.
C Heim , CB Nemeroff (2001). The role of childhood trauma in the neurobiology of mood and anxiety disorders: preclinical and clinical studies. Biological Psychiatry 49, 1023–1039.
C Heim , CB Nemeroff (2002). Neurobiology of early life stress: clinical studies. Seminars in Clinical Neuropsychiatry 7, 147–159.
J Hill , R Davis , M Byatt , E Burnside , L Rollinson , S Fear (2000). Childhood sexual abuse and affective symptoms in women: a general population study. Psychological Medicine 30, 1283–1291.
XZ Hu , RH Lipsky , G Zhu , LA Akhtar , J Taubman , BD Greenberg , K Xu , PD Arnold , MA Richter , JL Kennedy , DL Murphy , D Goldman (2006). Serotonin transporter promoter gain-of-function genotypes are linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder. American Journal of Human Genetics 78, 815–826.
F Karege , G Perret , G Bondolfi , M Schwald , G Bertschy , JM Aubry (2002). Decreased serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in major depressed patients. Psychiatry Research 109, 143–148.
J Kaufman , BZ Yang , H Douglas-Palumberi , D Grasso , D Lipschitz , S Houshyar , JH Krystal , J Gelernter (2006). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor-5–HTTLPR gene interactions and environmental modifiers of depression in children. Biological Psychiatry 59, 673–680.
KS Kendler , JW Kuhn , J Vittum , CA Prescott , B Riley (2005). The interaction of stressful life events and a serotonin transporter polymorphism in the prediction of episodes of major depression: a replication. Archives of General Psychiatry 62, 529–535.
JM Kim , R Stewart , SW Kim , SJ Yang , IS Shin , YH Kim , JS Yoon (2007). Interactions between life stressors and susceptibility genes (5-HTTLPR and BDNF) on depression in Korean elders. Biological Psychiatry 62, 423–428.
RK Lenroot , JN Giedd (2006). Brain development in children and adolescents: insights from anatomical magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 30, 718–729.
KP Lesch , D Bengel , A Heils , SZ Sabol , BD Greenberg , S Petri , J Benjamin , CR Muller , DH Hamer , DL Murphy (1996). Association of anxiety-related traits with a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene regulatory region. Science 274, 1527–1531.
DF Levinson (2006). The genetics of depression: a review. Biological Psychiatry 60, 84–92.
K Martinowich , B Lu (2008). Interaction between BDNF and serotonin: role in mood disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology 33, 73–83.
MP Mattson , S Maudsley , B Martin (2004). BDNF and 5-HT: a dynamic duo in age-related neuronal plasticity and neurodegenerative disorders. Trends in Neurosciences 27, 589–594.
C May-Chahal , P Cawson (2005). Measuring child maltreatment in the United Kingdom: a study of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse and Neglect 29, 969–984.
EJ Nestler , M Barrot , RJ Dileone , AJ Eisch , SJ Gold , LM Monteggia (2002). Neurobiology of depression. Neuron 34, 13–25.
MJ Owens , CB Nemeroff (1998). The serotonin transporter and depression. Depression and Anxiety 8 (Suppl. 1), 5–12.
N Perroud , P Courtet , I Vincze , I Jaussent , F Jollant , F Bellivier , M Leboyer , P Baud , C Buresi , A Malafosse (2008). Interaction between BDNF Val66Met and childhood trauma on adult's violent suicide attempt. Genes, Brain and Behaviour 7, 314–322.
A Roy , XZ Hu , MN Janal , D Goldman (2007). Interaction between childhood trauma and serotonin transporter gene variation in suicide. Neuropsychopharmacology 32, 2046–2052.
MB Stein , NJ Schork , J Gelernter (2008). Gene-by-environment (serotonin transporter and childhood maltreatment) interaction for anxiety sensitivity, an intermediate phenotype for anxiety disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology 33, 312–319.
MH Teicher , SL Andersen , A Polcari , CM Anderson , CP Navalta (2002). Developmental neurobiology of childhood stress and trauma. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 25, 397–426, vii–viii.
R Uher , P McGuffin (2008). The moderation by the serotonin transporter gene of environmental adversity in the aetiology of mental illness: review and methodological analysis. Molecular Psychiatry 13, 131–146.