Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 12
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ames, Megan E. Holfeld, Brett and Leadbeater, Bonnie J. 2016. Sex and age group differences in the associations between sleep duration and BMI from adolescence to young adulthood. Psychology & Health, Vol. 31, Issue. 8, p. 976.


    Gibson-Smith, Deborah Bot, Mariska Paans, Nadine PG Visser, Marjolein Brouwer, Ingeborg and Penninx, Brenda WJH 2016. The role of obesity measures in the development and persistence of major depressive disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 198, p. 222.


    Mühlig, Y. Antel, J. Föcker, M. and Hebebrand, J. 2016. Are bidirectional associations of obesity and depression already apparent in childhood and adolescence as based on high-quality studies? A systematic review. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. 235.


    Roberts, Robert E. and Duong, Hao T. 2016. Do Anxiety Disorders Play a Role in Adolescent Obesity?. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 613.


    Skrove, Marit Lydersen, Stian and Indredavik, Marit S. 2016. Resilience factors may moderate the associations between pubertal timing, body mass and emotional symptoms in adolescence. Acta Paediatrica, Vol. 105, Issue. 1, p. 96.


    Ames, Megan E. Wintre, Maxine G. and Flora, David B. 2015. Trajectories of BMI and internalizing symptoms: Associations across adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 45, p. 80.


    Ames, Megan E. and Wintre, Maxine G. 2015. Growth Mixture Modeling of Adolescent Body Mass Index Development: Longitudinal Patterns of Internalizing Symptoms and Physical Activity. Journal of Research on Adolescence, p. n/a.


    Roberts, Robert E. and Duong, Hao T. 2015. Does major depression affect risk for adolescent obesity?. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 186, p. 162.


    Henriksen, Christine A. Mather, Amber A. Mackenzie, Corey S. Bienvenu, Oscar Joseph and Sareen, Jitender 2014. Longitudinal Associations of Obesity With Affective Disorders and Suicidality in the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Follow-up Study. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 202, Issue. 5, p. 379.


    Mooreville, Mira Shomaker, Lauren B. Reina, Samantha A. Hannallah, Louise M. Adelyn Cohen, L. Courville, Amber B. Kozlosky, Merel Brady, Sheila M. Condarco, Tania Yanovski, Susan Z. Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian and Yanovski, Jack A. 2014. Depressive symptoms and observed eating in youth. Appetite, Vol. 75, p. 141.


    Rossetti, Clara Halfon, Olivier and Boutrel, Benjamin 2014. Controversies about a common etiology for eating and mood disorders. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 5,


    Wickrama, K.A.S. Kwon, Josephine A. Oshri, Assaf and Lee, Tae Kyoung 2014. Early Socioeconomic Adversity and Young Adult Physical Illness: The Role of Body Mass Index and Depressive Symptoms. Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 55, Issue. 4, p. 556.


    ×

Obese youths are not more likely to become depressed, but depressed youths are more likely to become obese

  • R. E. Roberts (a1) and H. T. Duong (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712002991
  • Published online: 09 January 2013
Abstract
Background

Overweight/obesity and depression are both major public health problems among adolescents. However, the question of a link between overweight/obesity and depression remains unresolved in this age group. We examined whether obesity increases risk of depression, or depression increases risk of obesity, or whether there is a reciprocal effect.

Method

A two-wave prospective cohort study of adolescents aged 11–17 years at baseline (n = 4175) followed up a year later (n = 3134) sampled from the Houston metropolitan area. Overweight was defined as 95th percentile >body mass index (BMI) ⩽85th percentile and obese as BMI >95th percentile. Three indicators of depression were examined: any DSM-IV mood disorder, major depression, and symptoms of depression.

Results

Data for the two-wave cohort indicated no evidence of reciprocal effects between weight and depression. Weight status predicted neither major depression nor depressive symptoms. However, mood disorders generally and major depression in particular increased risk of future obesity more than twofold. Depressed males had a sixfold increased risk of obesity. Females with depressive symptoms had a marginally increased risk of being overweight but not obese.

Conclusions

Our findings, combined with those of recent meta-analyses, suggest that obese youths are not more likely to become depressed but that depressed youths are more likely to become obese.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: R. E. Roberts, Ph.D., UTHealth, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1200 Herman Pressler Dr., Suite E1017, Houston, TX 77030, USA. (Email: Robert.E.Roberts@uth.tmc.edu)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

SE Anderson , P Cohen , EN Naumova , PF Jacques , A Must (2007). Adolescent obesity and risk for subsequent major depressive disorder and anxiety disorder: prospective evidence. Psychosomatic Medicine 69, 740747.

MA Bremmer , AT Beekman , DJ Deeg , BW Penninx , MG Dik , CE Hack , WJ Hoogendijk (2008). Inflammatory markers in late-life depression: results from a population-based study. Journal of Affective Disorders 106, 249255.

MF Dallman , N Pecoraro , SF Akana , SE La Fleur , F Gomez , H Houshyar , ME Bell , S Bhatnagar , KD Laugero , S Manalo (2003). Chronic stress and obesity: a new view of ‘comfort food’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100, 1169611701.

I Holsen , P Kraft , E Roysamb (2001). The relationship between body image and depressed mood in adolescence: a 5-year longitudinal panel study. Journal of Health Psychology 6, 613627.

RC Kessler , S Avenevoli , J Costello , JG Green , MS Gruber , S Heering , KR Merikangas , BE Pennell , NA Sampson , AM Zaslavsky (2009). National Comorbidity Survey replication adolescent supplement (NCS-A): II. Overview and design. Journal of American Academy Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 48, 380385.

E Pallister , G Waller (2008). Anxiety in the eating disorders: understanding the overlap. Clinical Psychology Reviews 28, 366368.

DS Pine , RB Goldstein , S Wolk , MM Weissman (2001). The association between childhood depression and adulthood body mass index. Pediatrics 107, 10491056.

RE Roberts , CR Roberts , Y Xing (2007). Are Mexican American adolescents at greater risk of suicidal behaviors? Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 37, 1021.

M Rutter , J Silberg , T O'Connor , E Simonoff (1999 b). Genetics and child psychiatry: II. Empirical research findings. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 40, 1955.

E Stice (2001). A prospective test of the dual pathway model of bulimic pathology: mediating effects of dieting and negative affect. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 110, 124135.

E Stice , S Bearman (2001). Body-image and eating disturbances prospectively predict increases in depression symptoms in adolescent girls: a growth curve analysis. Developmental Psychology 37, 597607.

BR Walker (2001). Activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in obesity: cause or consequence? Growth Hormone and IGF Research 11 (Suppl. A), S91S95.

AJ Zametkin , CK Zoon , HW Klein , S Munson (2004). Psychiatric aspects of child and adolescent obesity: a review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43, 134150.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: