Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Predictors for readmission risk in schizophrenia

  • P. B. Mortensen (a1) and W. W. Eaton (a1)

Readmission risk was assessed at the first and subsequent discharges in a total Danish national sample consisting of 8705 first admitted patients who had been discharged alive at least once with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Predictors for readmission risk were identified using the Cox proportional hazards model. Following the first discharge, 19% of the surviving patients had not been readmitted after 10 years of follow-up. Readmission risk increased with the number of previous admissions. At the first discharge readmission risk decreased with increasing age and was significantly predicted by clinical subtype and gender. At later discharges (5th, 10th, and 15th) the effect of these variables gradually disappeared. At the 15th discharge readmissions were mainly predicted by the duration of the latest admission and discharge periods. Both the increase in readmission risk with the number of previous admissions and the evolving pattern of predictors for readmission risk are interpreted as supporting the existence of a smaller subpopulation among schizophrenic patients with frequent relapses.

Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr Preben Bo Mortensen, Department of Psychiatric Demography, Psychiatric Hospital, DK-8240 Risskov, Denmark.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M. C. Angermeyer , L. Kühn & J. M. Goldstein (1990). Gender and the course of schizophrenia: differences in treated outcomes. Schizophrenia Bulletin 16, 293307.

L. Ciompi (1980). Catamnestic long-term study on the course of life and aging of schizophrenics. Schizophrenia Bulletin 6, 606618.

W. W. Eaton (1974). Mental hospitalization as a reinforcement process. American Sociological Review 39, 252260.

W. W. Eaton , P. B. Mortensen , H. Herrman , H. Freeman , W. Bilker , P. Burgess & K. Wooff (1992 a). The long-term course of hospitalization for schizophrenia. Part I. Risk for rehospitalization following first discharge for schizophrenics in four register areas. Schizophrenia Bulletin 18, 217227.

W. W. Eaton , W. Bilker , J. M. Haro , H. Herrman , P. B. Mortensen , H. Freeman & P. Burgess (1992 b). The long-term course of hospitalization for schizophrenia. Part II. Change in rate of hospitalization with passage to time. Schizophrenia Bulletin 18, 229241.

W. S. Fenton & T. H. McGlashan (1991). Natural history of schizophrenia subtypes. II. Positive and negative symptoms and long-term course. Archives of General Psychiatry 48, 978986.

M. Harrow & J. F. Westermeyer (1987). Process-reactive dimension and outcome for narrow concepts of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 13, 361368.

M. Harrow , J. F. Westermeyer , M. Silverstein , B. S. Strauss & B. J. Cohler (1986). Predictors of outcome in schizophrenia: the process-reactive dimension. Schizophrenia Bulletin 12, 195207.

P. Munk-Jørgensen (1987). Why has the incidence of schizophrenia in Danish psychiatric institutions decreased since 1970? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 75, 6268.

P. Munk-Jørgensen & P. B. Mortensen (1992). Incidence and other aspects of the epidemiology of schizophrenia in Denmark, 1971–89. British Journal of Psychiatry 161, 489495.

P. Munk-Jørgensen , P. B. Mortensen & R. A. Machon (1991). Hospitalization patterns in schizophrenia. A 13-year follow-up. Schizophrenia Research 4, 19.

B. Rosen , D. f. Klein & R. Gittleman-Klein (1971). The prediction of rehospitalization: the relationship between age of first psychiatric treatment contact, marital status and premorbid asocial adjustment. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 152, 1722.

J. S. Strauss & W. T. Carpenter (1972). The prediction of outcome in schizophrenia. I. Characteristics of outcome. Archives of General Psychiatry 27, 739746.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 10 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 156 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.