American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
Backhaus, J, Junghanns, K, Broocks, A, Riemann, D, Hohagen, F (2002). Test–retest reliability and validity of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in primary insomnia. Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Barclay, NL, Eley, TC, Buysse, DJ, Rijsdijk, FV, Gregory, AM (2010). Genetic and environmental influences on different components of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and their overlap. Sleep
Buysse, DJ, Reynolds, CF, Monk, TH, Berman, SR, Kupfer, DJ (1989). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research
Cacioppo, JT, Hawkley, LC (2009). Perceived social isolation and cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Cacioppo, JT, Hawkley, LC, Berntson, GG, Ernst, JM, Gibbs, AC, Stickgold, R, Hobson, J (2002). Do lonely days invade the nights? Potential social modulation of sleep efficiency. Psychological Science
Cacioppo, JT, Hawkley, LC, Ernst, JM, Burleson, M, Berntson, GG, Nouriani, B, Spiegel, D (2006
a). Loneliness within a nomological net: an evolutionary perspective. Journal of Research in Personality
Cacioppo, JT, Hughes, ME, Waite, LJ, Hawkley, LC, Thisted, RA (2006
b). Loneliness as a specific risk factor for depressive symptoms: cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Psychology and Aging
Cacioppo, S, Grippo, AJ, London, S, Goossens, L, Cacioppo, JT (2015). Loneliness: clinical import and interventions. Perspectives on Psychological Science
Cappucio, FP, D'Elia, L, Stazzullo, P, Miller, MA (2010). Sleep duration and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sleep
Caspi, A, Harrington, H, Moffitt, TE, Milne, BJ, Poulton, R (2006). Socially isolated children 20 years later: risk of cardiovascular disease. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Danese, A, Moffitt, TE, Harrington, H, Milne, BJ, Polanczyk, G, Pariante, CM, Poulton, R, Caspi, A (2009). Adverse childhood experiences and adult risk factors for age-related disease: depression, inflammation, and clustering of metabolic risk markers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Doane, LD, Adam, EK (2010). Loneliness and cortisol: momentary, day-to-day, and trait associations. Psychoneuroendocrinology
Dodge, KA, Bates, JE, Pettit, GS (1990). Mechanisms in the cycle of violence. Science
Finkelhor, D, Hamby, SL, Turner, HA, Ormrod, RK (2011). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire: 2nd Revision (JVQ-R2)
. Crimes Against Children Research Center: Durham, NH.
Fisher, HL, Caspi, A, Moffitt, TE, Gray, R, Newbury, J, Ambler, A, Zavos, H, Danese, A, Mill, J, Odgers, CL, Pariante, C, Wong, CC, Arseneault, L (2015). Measuring adolescents’ exposure to victimization: the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study. Development and Psychopathology
Gangwisch, JE, Heymsfield, SB, Boden-Albala, B, Buijs, RM, Kreier, F, Pickering, TG, Rundle, AG, Zammit, GK, Malaspina, D (2006). Short sleep duration as a risk factor for hypertension: analyses of the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hypertension
Goldman-Mellor, S, Caspi, A, Arseneault, L, Ajala, N, Ambler, A, Danese, A, Fisher, H, Hucker, A, Odgers, C, Williams, T, Wong, C, Moffitt, TE (2016). Committed to work but vulnerable: self-perceptions and mental health in NEET 18-year olds from a contemporary British cohort. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Goossens, L, van Roekel, E, Verhagen, M, Cacioppo, JT, Cacioppo, S, Maes, M, Boomsma, DI (2015). The genetics of loneliness: linking evolutionary theory to genome-wide genetics, epigenetics, and social science. Perspectives on Psychological Science
Gregory, AM, Sadeh, A (2016). Annual Research Review: sleep problems in childhood psychiatric disorders – a review of the latest science. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Hawkley, LC, Preacher, KJ, Cacioppo, JT (2010
a). Loneliness impairs daytime functioning but not sleep duration. Health Psychology
Hawkley, LC, Thisted, RA, Masi, CM, Cacioppo, JT (2010
b). Loneliness predicts increases in blood pressure: 5-year cross-lagged analyses in middle-aged and older adults. Psychology and Aging
Holt-Lunstad, J, Smith, TB, Baker, M, Harris, T, Stephenson, D (2015). Loneliness and social isolation as risk factors for mortality: a meta-analytic review. Perspectives on Psychological Science
Irwin, M (2002). Effects of sleep and sleep loss on immunity and cytokines. Brain, Behavior and Immunity
Kurina, LM, Knutson, JL, Hawkley, LC, Cacioppo, JT, Lauderdale, DS, Ober, CO (2011). Loneliness is associated with sleep fragmentation in a communal society. Sleep
Lansford, JE, Dodge, KA, Pettit, GS, Bates, JE, Crozier, J, Kaplow, J (2002). A 12-year prospective study of the long-term effects of early child physical maltreatment on psychological, behavioral, and academic problems in adolescence. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Lauder, W, Mummery, K, Jones, M, Caperchione, C (2006). A comparison of health behaviours in lonely and non-lonely populations. Psychology, Health and Medicine
Levin, R, Nielsen, TA (2007). Disturbed dreaming, posttraumatic stress disorder, and affect distress: a review and neurocognitive model. Psychological Bulletin
Masi, CM, Chen, HY, Hawkley, LC, Cacioppo, JT (2011). A meta-analysis of interventions to reduce loneliness. Personality and Social Psychology Review
Matthews, T, Danese, A, Wertz, J, Odgers, C, Ambler, A, Moffitt, TE, Arseneault, L (2016). Social isolation, loneliness and depression in young adulthood: a behavioural genetic analysis. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
McCrory, EJ, De Brito, SA, Sebastian, CL, Mechelli, A, Bird, G, Kelly, PA, Viding, E (2011). Heightened neural reactivity to threat in child victims of family violence. Current Biology
Moffitt, TE, E-Risk Study Team (2002). Teen-aged mothers in contemporary Britain. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Newall, NEG, Chipperfield, JG, Bailis, DS (2013). Predicting stability and change in loneliness in later life. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
Odgers, CL, Caspi, A, Bates, CJ, Sampson, RJ, Moffitt, TE (2012
a). Systematic social observation of children's neighborhoods using Google Street View: a reliable and cost-effective method. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Odgers, CL, Caspi, A, Russell, MA, Sampson, RJ, Arseneault, L, Moffitt, TE (2012
b). Supportive parenting mediates neighborhood socioeconomic disparities in children's antisocial behavior from ages 5 to 12. Development and Psychopathology
Office for National Statistics (2014). Measuring National Well-Being: European Comparisons, 2014. ONS: London.
Patel, SR, Hu, FB (2008). Short sleep duration and weight gain: a systematic review. Obesity
Peplau, LA, Perlman, D (1982). Perspectives on loneliness. In Loneliness: A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research and Therapy (ed. Peplau and, LA
Perlman, D), pp. 1–18. John Wiley & Sons: New York.
Pressman, SD, Cohen, S, Miller, GE, Barkin, A, Rabin, BS, Treanor, JJ (2005). Loneliness, social network size, and immune response to influence vaccination in college freshmen. Health Psychology
Qualter, P, Vanhalst, J, Harris, R, van Roekel, E, Lodder, G, Bangee, M, Maes, M, Verhagen, M (2015). Loneliness across the life span. Perspectives on Psychological Science
Robins, L, Cottler, L, Bucholz, K, Compton, W (1995). Diagnostic Interview Schedule for DSM-IV. Washington University School of Medicine: St Louis, MO.
Russell, DW (1996). UCLA Loneliness Scale (version 3): reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of Personality Assessment
StataCorp (2015). Stata Statistical Software: Release 14. StataCorp LP: College Station, TX.
Trouton, A, Spinath, FM, Plomin, R (2002). Twins Early Development Study (TEDS): a multivariate, longitudinal genetic investigation of language, cognition and behavior problems in childhood. Twin Research
Vitaro, F, Brendgen, M, Arseneault, L (2009). The discordant MZ-twin method: one step closer to the holy grail of causality. International Journal of Behavioral Development
Williams, RL (2000). A note on robust variance estimation for cluster-correlated data. Biometrics
Zhong, CB, Leonardelli, GJ (2008). Cold and lonely: does social exclusion literally feel cold?
Zimet, GD, Dahlem, NW, Zimet, SG, Farley, GK (1998). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment