Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 27
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fazel, Seena and Baillargeon, Jacques 2011. The health of prisoners. The Lancet, Vol. 377, Issue. 9769, p. 956.


    Bakst, Shelly S. Braun, Tali and Shohat, Tamy 2016. The postmortem proxy-based interview—future directions. Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 75, p. 46.


    Taylor, Pamela J. Walker, Julian Hillier, Brad Murphy, Paula and Gunn, John 2015. Research for forensic mental health - looking to the future. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 81.


    Konrad, Norbert and Opitz-Welke, Annette 2014. The challenges of treating the mentally ill in a prison setting: the European perspective. Clinical Practice, Vol. 11, Issue. 5, p. 517.


    Meade, T. Barton, J.J. and Wright, N. 2016. Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine.


    Moreno, Elisa A. Jowsey, Sheila and McCoy, Tara 2015. Transplantation of the Liver.


    Kinner, Stuart A. Forsyth, Simon and Williams, Gail 2013. Systematic review of record linkage studies of mortality in ex-prisoners: why (good) methods matter. Addiction, Vol. 108, Issue. 1, p. 38.


    Nordentoft, Merete 2011. Crucial elements in suicide prevention strategies. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 848.


    Varelius, Jukka 2013. Pascal’s Wager and Deciding About the Life-Sustaining Treatment of Patients in Persistent Vegetative State. Neuroethics, Vol. 6, Issue. 2, p. 277.


    Forsyth, Simon J. Alati, Rosa Ober, Coralie Williams, Gail M. and Kinner, Stuart A. 2014. Striking subgroup differences in substance-related mortality after release from prison. Addiction, Vol. 109, Issue. 10, p. 1676.


    McKinnon, I. Holmes, J and Shaw, J. 2016. Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine.


    Fazel, S. and Seewald, K. 2012. Severe mental illness in 33 588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 200, Issue. 5, p. 364.


    Eshareturi, Cyril Serrant-Green, Laura Bayliss-Pratt, Lisa and Galbraith, Victoria 2014. The case for nurses as central providers of health and social care services for ex-offenders: a discussion paper. Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 70, Issue. 5, p. 1030.


    Gunter, Tracy D. Chibnall, John T. Antoniak, Sandra K. Philibert, Robert A. and Hollenbeck, Nancy 2011. Predictors of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and self-harm without lethal intent in a community corrections sample. Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 238.


    Spittal, Matthew J Forsyth, Simon Pirkis, Jane Alati, Rosa and Kinner, Stuart A 2014. Suicide in adults released from prison in Queensland, Australia: a cohort study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 68, Issue. 10, p. 993.


    Patterson, Evelyn J. 2013. The Dose–Response of Time Served in Prison on Mortality: New York State, 1989–2003. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 103, Issue. 3, p. 523.


    Sodhi-Berry, Nita Knuiman, Matthew Alan, Janine Morgan, Vera A. and Preen, David B. 2015. Pre-sentence mental health service use predicts post-sentence mortality in a population cohort of first-time adult offenders. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 50, Issue. 1, p. 109.


    Macciò, Annalisa Meloni, Francesca Romana Sisti, Davide Luigi Rocchi, Marco Bruno Petretto, Donatella Rita Masala, Carmelo and Preti, Antonio 2015. Mental disorders in Italian prisoners: Results of the REDiMe study. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 225, Issue. 3, p. 522.


    Sodhi-Berry, Nita Knuiman, Matthew Preen, David B. Alan, Janine and Morgan, Vera A. 2015. Predictors of post-sentence mental health service use in a population cohort of first-time adult offenders in Western Australia. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, Vol. 25, Issue. 5, p. 355.


    Daigle, Marc S. and Naud, Hélène 2012. Risk of Dying by Suicide Inside or Outside Prison: The Shortened Lives of Male Offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Vol. 54, Issue. 4, p. 511.


    ×

Suicide in recently released prisoners: a case-control study

  • D. Pratt (a1), L. Appleby (a1), M. Piper (a1), R. Webb (a1) and J. Shaw (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291709991048
  • Published online: 01 September 2009
Abstract
Background

Recently released prisoners are at markedly higher risk of suicide than the general population. The aim of this study was to identify key risk factors for suicide by offenders released from prisons in England and Wales.

Method

All suicides committed by offenders within 12 months of their release from prison in England and Wales, between 2000 and 2002, were identified. One control matched on gender and date of release from prison was recruited for each case. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression modelling identified key independent risk factors for suicide.

Results

Of 256 920 released prisoners, 384 suicides occurred within a year of release. Factors significantly associated with post-release suicide were increasing age over 25 years, released from a local prison, a history of alcohol misuse or self-harm, a psychiatric diagnosis, and requiring Community Mental Health Services (CMHS) follow-up after release from prison. Non-white ethnicity and a history of previous imprisonment were protective factors.

Conclusions

There is a need to improve the continuity of care for people who are released from prison and for community health, offender and social care agencies to coordinate care for these vulnerable individuals.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: J. Shaw, F.R.C.Psych, Centre for Suicide Prevention, School of Community-Based Medicine, 2nd Floor, Jean McFarlane Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, ManchesterM13 9PL, UK. (Email: jennifer.shaw@manchester.ac.uk)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

IA Binswanger , MF Stern , RA Deyo , PJ Heagerty , A Cheadle , JG Elmore , TD Koepsell (2007). Release from prison – a high risk of death for former inmates. New England Journal of Medicine 356, 157165.

J Bogue , K Power (1995). Suicide in Scottish prisons, 1976–1993. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 6, 527540.

E Dooley (1990). Prison suicide in England and Wales 1972–87. British Journal of Psychiatry 156, 4045.

N Freudenberg , J Daniels , M Crum , T Perkins , BE Richie (2005). Coming home from jail: the social and health consequences of community reentry for women, male adolescents, and their families and communities. American Journal of Public Health 95, 17251736.

S Fruehwald , P Frottier , T Matschnig , F König , P Bauer (2004). Suicide in custody: a case-control study, British Journal of Psychiatry 185, 494498.

JR Goss , K Peterson , LW Smith , K Kalb , BB Brodey (2002). Characteristics of suicide attempts in a large urban jail system with an established suicide prevention program. Psychiatric Services 53, 574579.

A Graham (2003). Post-prison mortality: unnatural death among people released from Victorian prisons between January 1990 and December 1999. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 36, 94–108.

EC Harris , B Barraclough (1997). Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders; a meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry 170, 205228.

DW Hosmer , S Lemeshow (2000). Applied Logistic Regression, 2nd edn.Wiley-Interscience: New York.

M Joukamaa (1998). The mortality of released Finnish prisoners: a 7 year follow-up study of the WATTU project. Forensic Sciences International 96, 1119.

EA King (2001). The Wessex suicide audit 1988–1993: a study of 1457 suicides with and without a recent psychiatric contact. International Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Practice 5, 111118.

T Lincoln , S Kennedy , R Tuthill , C Roberts , TJ Conklin , TM Hammett (2006). Facilitators and barriers to continuing healthcare after jail: a community-integrated program. Journal of Ambulatory Care Management 29, 2–16.

JB Luoma , CE Martin , JL Pearson (2002). Contact with mental health and primary care providers before suicide: a review of the evidence. American Journal of Psychiatry 159, 909916.

J Neeleman , S Wessley (1997). Changes in classification of suicide in England and Wales: time trends and association with coroners' professional background. Psychological Medicine 27, 467472.

D Pratt , M Piper , L Appleby , R Webb , J Shaw (2006). Suicide in recently released prisoners: a population-based cohort study. Lancet 368, 119123.

J Shaw , D Baker , IM Hunt , A Moloney , L Appleby (2004). Suicide by prisoners: a national clinical survey. British Journal of Psychiatry 184, 263267.

LM Stewart , CJ Henderson , MST Hobbs , SC Ridout , MW Knuiman (2004). Risk of death in prisoners after release from jail. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 28, 3236.

MM Winter (2003). County jail suicides in a midwestern state: moving beyond the use of profiles. The Prison Journal 83, 130148.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: