Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 26
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    YOLKEN, R. H. DICKERSON, F. B and FULLER TORREY, E. 2009. Toxoplasma and schizophrenia. Parasite Immunology, Vol. 31, Issue. 11, p. 706.


    EATON, WILLIAM W. THARA, R. FEDERMAN, ELIZABETH and TIEN, ALLEN 1998. Remission and Relapse in Schizophrenia: The Madras Longitudinal Study. The Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, Vol. 186, Issue. 6, p. 357.


    Riecher-Rössler, Anita Löffler, Walter and Munk-Jørgensen, Pøvl 1997. What do we really know about late-onset schizophrenia?. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 247, Issue. 4, p. 195.


    Jalenques, Isabelle Albuisson, Eliane and Tauveron, Igor 1996. Clozapine in treatment-resistant schizophrenic patients: preliminary results from an open prospective study. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, Vol. 13, Issue. 01, p. 13.


    Cook, Judith A. 1994. Independent community living among women with severe mental illness: A comparison with outcomes among men. The Journal of Mental Health Administration, Vol. 21, Issue. 4, p. 361.


    Haro, Josep M. Eaton, William W. Bilker, Warren B. and Mortensen, Preben Bo 1994. Predictability of rehospitalization for schizophrenia. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 244, Issue. 5, p. 241.


    Thara, R. Henrietta, M. Joseph, A. Rajkumar, S. and Eaton, W. W. 1994. Ten-year course of schizophrenia?the Madras longitudinal study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 90, Issue. 5, p. 329.


    Soni, Som. D. Neill, David and Sheffield, Brian 1993. Cognitive functions in chronic schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, Vol. 8, Issue. 4, p. 233.


    Ring, N. Tantam, D. Montague, L. Newby, D. Black, D. and Morris, J. 1991. Gender differences in the incidence of definite schizophrenia and atypical psychosis ? focus on negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 84, Issue. 6, p. 489.


    Tsoi, W. F. and Wong, K. E. 1991. A 15-year follow-up study of Chinese schizophrenic patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 84, Issue. 3, p. 217.


    Angermeyer, Matthias C. Goldstein, Jill M. and Kuehn, Ludwig 1989. Gender differences in schizophrenia: rehospitalization and community survival. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 19, Issue. 02, p. 365.


    Shepherd, Michael Watt, David Falloon, Ian and Smeeton, Nigel 1989. The natural history of schizophrenia: a five-year follow-up study of outcome and prediction in a representative sample of schizophrenics. Psychological Medicine. Monograph Supplement, Vol. 15, p. 1.


    Camp, Dianne M. and Robinson, Terry E. 1988. Susceptibility to sensitization. II. The influence of gonadal hormones on enduring changes in brain monoamines and behavior produced by the repeated administration of d-amphetamine or restraint stress. Behavioural Brain Research, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 69.


    Keatinge, Carolyn 1987. Community factors influencing psychiatric hospital utilization in rural and urban Ireland. Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 23, Issue. 3, p. 192.


    Munk-Jørgensen, P. 1987. First-admission rates and marital status of schizophrenics. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 76, Issue. 2, p. 210.


    Klusmann, D. and Angermeyer, M. C. 1986. �kologische faktoren und rehospitalisierungsrisiko bei psychotisch erkrankten. European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, Vol. 235, Issue. 4, p. 231.


    Munk-Jørgensen, P. and Jørgensen, P. 1986. Decreasing rates of first-admission diagnoses of schizophrenia among females in Denmark 1970?84. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 74, Issue. 4, p. 379.


    Seeman, M. V. 1986. Current outcome in schizophrenia: women vs men. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 73, Issue. 6, p. 609.


    Al-lssa, Ihsan 1985. Sex differences in the aetiology of schizophrenia. Applied Psychology, Vol. 34, Issue. 3, p. 315.


    Craig, Thomas J. Lin, Shang P. El-Defrawi, Mohamed H. and Goodman, Ann B. 1985. Clinical correlates of readmission in a schizophrenic cohort. Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 57, Issue. 1, p. 5.


    ×

The effect of sex, marriage and age at first admission on the hospitalization of schizophrenics during 2 years followings discharge

  • David C. Watt (a1) and Teresa K. Szulecka (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700032098
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract
Synopsis

Two hundred and eighty-two schizophrenics discharged from St John's Hospital, Stone, were followed-up. The reliability of the diagnosis was measured by the extent of agreement among the hospital clinicians. The number of readmissions and the time spent in hospital were ascertained and correlated with the sex, civil state and age at first admission of the subjects.

It was found that a higher proportion of males than of females was readmitted; that the proportion of single persons among male schizophrenics is higher than among comparable age groups in the general population; that single males are more frequently admitted than single females; that the peak age of first admission for males is 10 years earlier than for females and that men whose age at first admission is below the median are more frequently readmitted than those whose age at first admission is above it.

Women are more frequently married than men at the onset of schizophrenia, giving rise to the suggestion that marriage has a protective effect in schizophrenia. This hypothesis was not supported by our findings. The bearing of these findings on the course, genetics and marital handicap of schizophrenia is discussed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr David C. Watt, St John's Hospital, Stone, Aylesbury, Bucks.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. W. Affleck , J. Burns & A. D. Forrest (1976). Long-term follow-up of schizophrenic patients in Edinburgh. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 53, 227237.

R. C. Bland , J. H. Parker & H. Orn (1976). Prognosis in schizophrenia: a ten-year follow-up of first admissions. Archives of General Psychiatry 33, 949954.

G. W. Brown (1960). Length of hospital stay and schizo. phrenia: a review of statistical studies. Acta psychiatrica et neurologica scandinavica 35, 414430.

J. Cohen (1968). Weighted Kappa: nominal scale agreement with provision for scaled agreement or partial credit. Psychological Bulletin 70, 213220.

W. W. Eaton (1975). Marital status and schizophrenia. Acta psychiatrica scandinavica 52, 320329.

A. Farina , N. Garmezy & H. Barry (1963). Relationship of marital status to incidence and prognosis of schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 67, 624630.

W. Gerloff (1937). Über Verlauf und Prognose der Schizophrenie. Archiv für Psychiatrie 106, 585598.

S. C. Goldberg , N. R. Scholer , E. Davidson & M. M. Kayce (1966). Sex and race differences in response to drug treatment among schizophrenics. Psychopharmacologia (Berlin) 9, 3147.

E. Guttmann , W. Mayer-Gross & E. T. O. Slater (1939). Short distance prognosis of schizophrenia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 2, 2534.

N. S. Lehrman (1960). A state hospital population five years after admission: a yardstick for evaluative comparison of follow-up studies. Psychiatric Quarterly 34, 658668.

W. H. Lo & T. Lo (1977). A ten-year follow-up study of Chinese schizophrenics in Hong Kong. British Journal of Psychiatry 131, 6366.

W. Malamud & N. Render (1939). Course and prognosis in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 95, 10391057.

T. A. C. Rennie (1939). Follow-up study of 500 patients with schizophrenia admitted to the hospital from 1913–1923. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 42, 877891.

T. A. C. Rennie (1941). Analysis of one hundred cases of schizophrenia with recovery. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 46, 197229.

D. Rosenthal (1961). Sex distribution and the severity of illness among samples of schizophrenic twins. Journal of Psychiatric Research 1, 2636.

C. Rupp & E. K. Fletcher (1940). A five to ten year follow-up study of 641 schizophrenic cases. American Journal of Psychiatry 96, 877888.

J. R. Stabenau & W. Pollin (1967). Early characteristics of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 17, 723734.

G. Turner & B. Turner (1974). X-linked mental retardation. Journal of Medical Genetics 11, 109113.

D. C. Watt & D. Buglass (1966). The effect of clinical and social factors on the discharge of chronic psychiatric patients. Social Psychiatry 1, 5763.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×