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Hoertel, Nicolas López, Saioa Peyre, Hugo Wall, Melanie M. González-Pinto, Ana Limosin, Frédéric and Blanco, Carlos 2015. ARE SYMPTOM FEATURES OF DEPRESSION DURING PREGNANCY, THE POSTPARTUM PERIOD AND OUTSIDE THE PERIPARTUM PERIOD DISTINCT? RESULTS FROM A NATIONALLY REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE USING ITEM RESPONSE THEORY (IRT). Depression and Anxiety, Vol. 32, Issue. 2, p. 129.
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Chee, Kok-Yoon Tripathi, Adarsh Avasthi, Ajit Chong, Mian-Yoon Xiang, Yu-Tao Sim, Kang Si, Tian-Mei Kanba, Shigenobu He, Yan-Ling Lee, Min-Soo Fung-Kum Chiu, Helen Yang, Shu-Yu Kuga, Hironori Udormatn, Pichet Kallivayalil, Roy A. Tanra, Andi J. Maramis, Margarita Grover, Sandeep Chin, Loi-Fei Dahlan, Rahima Mohamad Isa, Mohd Fadzli Ebenezer, Esther Gunaseli M. Nordin, Norhayati Shen, Winston W. Shinfuku, Naotaka Tan, Chay-Hoon and Sartorius, Norman 2015. Country variations in depressive symptoms profile in Asian countries: Findings of the Research on Asia Psychotropic Prescription (REAP) studies. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, Vol. 7, Issue. 3, p. 276.
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Hoertel, Nicolas Peyre, Hugo Wall, Melanie M. Limosin, Frédéric and Blanco, Carlos 2014. Examining sex differences in DSM-IV borderline personality disorder symptom expression using Item Response Theory (IRT). Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 59, p. 213.
Emmert-Aronson, Benjamin O. Moore, Michael T. and Brown, Timothy A. 2014. Differential Item Functioning of the Symptoms of Major Depression by Race and Ethnicity: An Item Response Theory Analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, Vol. 36, Issue. 3, p. 424.
Psychological literature and clinical lore suggest that there may be systematic differences in how various demographic groups experience depressive symptoms, particularly somatic symptoms. The aim of the current study was to use methods based on item response theory (IRT) to examine whether, when equating for levels of depression symptom severity, there are demographic differences in the likelihood of reporting DSM-IV depression symptoms.
We conducted a secondary analysis of a subset (n=13 753) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) dataset, which includes a large epidemiological sample of English-speaking Americans. We compared data from women and men, Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites, African Americans and Whites, Asian Americans and Whites, and American Indians and Whites.
There were few differences overall, although the differences that we did find were primarily limited to somatic symptoms, and particularly appetite and weight disturbance.
For the most part, individuals responded similarly to the criteria used to diagnose major depression across gender and across English-speaking racial and ethnic groups in the USA.
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