APA (1987). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edn, revised. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
APA (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
Brook, JS, Lee, JY, Brown, EN, Finch, SJ, Brook, DW (2011). Developmental trajectories of marijuana use from adolescence to adulthood: personality and social role outcomes. Psychological Reports
Carter, A, Hall, W (2011). Addiction Neuroethics: The Promises and Perils of Neuroscience Research on Addiction. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Chassin, L, Flora, DB, King, KM (2004). Trajectories of alcohol and drug use and dependence from adolescence to adulthood: the effects of familial alcoholism and personality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Chung, T, Smith, GT, Donovan, JE, Windle, M, Faden, VB, Chen, CM, Martin, CS (2012). Drinking frequency as a brief screen for adolescent alcohol problems. Pediatrics
Clark, DΒ, Chung, T, Martin, C (2006). Alcohol use frequency as a screen for alcohol use disorders in adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Cook, RJ, Sackett, DL (1995). The number needed to treat: a clinically useful measure of treatment effect. British Medical Journal
Copeland, WE, Angold, A, Shanahan, L, Dreyfuss, J, Dlamini, I, Costello, EJ (2012). Predicting persistent alcohol problems: a prospective analysis from the Great Smoky Mountain Study. Psychological Medicine
Costello, A, Edelbrock, C, Kalas, R, Kessler, M, Klaric, S (1982). Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC). National Institute of Mental Health: Rockville, MD.
D'Agostino, RB, Vasan, RS, Pencina, MJ, Wolf, PA, Cobain, M, Massaro, JM, Kannel, WB (2008). General cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care - the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation
Elley, W, Irving, J (1976). Revised socio-economic index for New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies
Evans, GW, Li, D, Whipple, SS (2013). Cumulative risk and child development. Psychological Bulletin
Felitti, VJ, Anda, RF, Nordenberg, D, Williamson, DF, Spitz, AM, Edwards, V, Koss, MP, Marks, JS (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults - the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fergusson, DM, Horwood, LJ, Ridder, EM (2007). Conduct and attentional problems in childhood and adolescence and later substance use, abuse and dependence: results of a 25-year longitudinal study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Grant, BF, Dawson, DA (1998). Age of onset of drug use and its association with DSM-IV drug abuse and dependence: results from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey. Journal of Substance Abuse
Grant, BF, Goldstein, RB, Saha, TD, Chou, SP, Jung, J, Zhang, H, Pickering, RP, Ruan, WJ, Smith, SM, Huang, B (2015). Epidemiology of DSM-5 alcohol use disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III. JAMA Psychiatry
Grant, BF, Hasin, DS, Chou, SP, Stinson, FS, Dawson, DA (2004). Nicotine dependence and psychiatric disorders in the United States - Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry
Hall, WD, Carter, A, Yücel, M (2015). Ethical issues in the neuroprediction of addiction risk and treatment response. In Handbook of Neuroethics, (ed. Clausen, J. and Levy, N.), pp. 1025–1044. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
Heyman, GM (2013). Quitting drugs: quantitative and qualitative features. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
Hussong, AM, Jones, DJ, Stein, GL, Baucom, DH, Boeding, S (2011). An internalizing pathway to alcohol use and disorder. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Kendler, KS, Jacobson, KC, Prescott, CA, Neale, MC (2003). Specificity of genetic and environmental risk factors for use and abuse/dependence of cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, sedatives, stimulants, and opiates in male twins. American Journal of Psychiatry
Kendler, KS, Myers, J, Damaj, MI, Chen, XG (2013). Early smoking onset and risk for subsequent nicotine dependence: a monozygotic co-twin control study. American Journal of Psychiatry
Kirisci, L, Reynolds, M, Carver, D, Tarter, R (2013). Quick screen to detect current substance use disorder in adolescents and the likelihood of future disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Krueger, RF, Hicks, BM, Patrick, CJ, Carlson, SR, Iacono, WG, McGue, M (2002). Etiologic connections among substance dependence, antisocial behavior, and personality: modeling the externalizing spectrum. Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Levy, S, Weiss, R, Sherritt, L, Ziemnik, R, Spalding, A, Van Hook, S, Shrier, LA (2014). An electronic screen for triaging adolescent substance use by risk levels. JAMA Pediatrics
McGue, M, Iacono, WG, Krueger, R (2006). The association of early adolescent problem behavior and adult psychopathology: a multivariate behavioral genetic perspective. Behavior Genetics
Meier, MH, Caspi, A, Houts, R, Slutske, WS, Harrington, H, Jackson, KM, Belsky, DW, Poulton, R, Moffitt, TE (2013). Prospective developmental subtypes of alcohol dependence from age 18 to 32 years: implications for nosology, etiology, and intervention. Development and Psychopathology
Milne, BJ, Caspi, A, Crump, R, Poulton, R, Rutter, M, Sears, MR, Moffitt, TE (2009a). The validity of the family history screen for assessing family history of mental disorders. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Milne, BJ, Caspi, A, Harrington, H, Poulton, R, Rutter, M, Moffitt, TE (2009b). Predictive value of family history on severity of illness: the case for depression, anxiety, alcohol dependence, and drug dependence. Archives of General Psychiatry
Moffitt, T, Caspi, A, Rutter, M, Silva, P (2001). Sex differences in Antisocial Behaviour: Conduct Disorder, Delinquency, and Violence in the Dunedin Longitudinal Study. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.
Moffitt, TE, Caspi, A, Taylor, A, Kokaua, J, Milne, BJ, Polanczyk, G, Poulton, R (2010). How common are common mental disorders? Evidence that lifetime prevalence rates are doubled by prospective versus retrospective ascertainment. Psychological Medicine
Odgers, CL, Caspi, A, Nagin, DS, Piquero, AR, Slutske, WS, Milne, BJ, Dickson, N, Poulton, R, Moffitt, TE (2008). Is it important to prevent early exposure to drugs and alcohol among adolescents?
Odgers, CL, Milne, BJ, Caspi, A, Crump, R, Poulton, R, Moffitt, TE (2007). Predicting prognosis for the conduct-problem boy: can family history help?
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Pardini, D, White, HR, Stouthamer-Loeber, M (2007). Early adolescent psychopathology as a predictor of alcohol use disorders by young adulthood. Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Pepe, MS, Janes, H, Longton, G, Leisenring, W, Newcomb, P (2004). Limitations of the odds ratio in gauging the performance of a diagnostic, prognostic, or screening marker. American Journal of Epidemiology
Poulton, R, Hancox, R, Milne, B, Baxter, J, Scott, K, Wilson, N (2006). The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: are its findings consistent with the overall New Zealand population?
New Zealand Medical Journal
Poulton, R, Moffitt, TE, Silva, PA (2015). The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: overview of the first 40 years, with an eye to the future. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
Rice, ME, Harris, GT (2005). Comparing effect sizes in follow-up studies: ROC area, Cohen's d, and r. Law and Human Behavior
Robins, L, Cottler, L, Bucholz, K, Compton, W (1995). Diagnostic Interview Schedule for DSM-IV. Washington University School of Medicine: St. Louis.
Robins, LN, Helzer, JE, Croughan, J, Ratcliff, KS (1981). National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule - its history, characteristics, and validity. Archives of General Psychiatry
Rutter, M (1981). Stress, coping and development - some issues and some questions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Sameroff, AJ, Seifer, R, Barocas, R, Zax, M, Greenspan, S (1987). Intelligence quotient scores of 4-year-old children - social-environmental risk-factors. Pediatrics
Stone, AL, Becker, LG, Huber, AM, Catalano, RF (2012). Review of risk and protective factors of substance use and problem use in emerging adulthood. Addictive Behaviors
Subramaniam, GA, Volkow, ND (2014). Substance misuse among adolescents: to screen or not to screen?
Vanyukov, MM, Kirisci, L, Moss, L, Tarter, RE, Reynolds, MD, Maher, BS, Kirillova, GP, Ridenour, T, Clark, DB (2009). Measurement of the risk for substance use disorders: phenotypic and genetic analysis of an index of common liability (vol 39, pg 233, 2009). Behavior Genetics
Ware, JH (2006). Statistics and medicine - the limitations of risk factors as prognostic tools. New England Journal of Medicine
Weissman, MM, Wickramaratne, P, Adams, P, Wolk, S, Verdeli, H, Olfson, M (2000). Brief screening for family psychiatric history - the family history screen. Archives of General Psychiatry
Whelan, R, Watts, R, Orr, CA, Althoff, RR, Artiges, E, Banaschewski, T, Barker, GJ, Bokde, AL, Buchel, C, Carvalho, FM, Conrod, PJ, Flor, H, Fauth-Buhler, M, Frouin, V, Gallinat, J, Gan, G, Gowland, P, Heinz, A, Ittermann, B, Lawrence, C, Mann, K, Martinot, JL, Nees, F, Ortiz, N, Paillere-Martinot, ML, Paus, T, Pausova, Z, Rietschel, M, Robbins, TW, Smolka, MN, Strohle, A, Schumann, G, Garavan, H, the IC (2014). Neuropsychosocial profiles of current and future adolescent alcohol misusers. Nature
Wilson, PWF, D'Agostino, RB, Levy, D, Belanger, AM, Silbershatz, H, Kannel, WB (1998). Prediction of coronary heart disease using risk factor categories. Circulation
Wright, BRE, Caspi, A, Moffitt, TE, Miech, RA, Silva, PA (1999). Reconsidering the relationship between SES and delinquency: causation but not correlation. Criminology