Liu, Xiting Rendle-Bühring, Rebecca Kuhlmann, Holger and Li, Anchun 2017. Two phases of the Holocene East African Humid Period: Inferred from a high-resolution geochemical record off Tanzania. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 460, p. 123.
Mwamburi, Job 2016. Spatial variations in sedimentary organic matter in surficial lake sediments of Nyanza Gulf (Lake Victoria, Kenya) after invasion of water hyacinth. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, Vol. 21, Issue. 2, p. 94.
Nash, David J. De Cort, Gijs Chase, Brian M. Verschuren, Dirk Nicholson, Sharon E. Shanahan, Timothy M. Asrat, Asfawossen Lézine, Anne-Marie and Grab, Stefan W. 2016. African hydroclimatic variability during the last 2000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 154, p. 1.
Blanchet, C.L. Contoux, C. and Leduc, G. 2015. Runoff and precipitation dynamics in the Blue and White Nile catchments during the mid-Holocene: A data-model comparison. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 130, p. 222.
Cockerton, Helen E. Street-Perrott, F. Alayne Barker, Philip A. Leng, Melanie J. Sloane, Hilary J. and Ficken, Katherine J. 2015. Orbital forcing of glacial/interglacial variations in chemical weathering and silicon cycling within the upper White Nile basin, East Africa: Stable-isotope and biomarker evidence from Lakes Victoria and Edward. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 130, p. 57.
Honegger, Matthieu and Williams, Martin 2015. Human occupations and environmental changes in the Nile valley during the Holocene: The case of Kerma in Upper Nubia (northern Sudan). Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 130, p. 141.
Macklin, Mark G. and Lewin, John 2015. The rivers of civilization. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 114, p. 228.
Macklin, Mark G. Toonen, Willem H.J. Woodward, Jamie C. Williams, Martin A.J. Flaux, Clément Marriner, Nick Nicoll, Kathleen Verstraeten, Gert Spencer, Neal and Welsby, Derek 2015. A new model of river dynamics, hydroclimatic change and human settlement in the Nile Valley derived from meta-analysis of the Holocene fluvial archive. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 130, p. 109.
Williams, Martin A.J. Usai, Donatella Salvatori, Sandro Williams, Frances M. Zerboni, Andrea Maritan, Lara and Linseele, Veerle 2015. Late Quaternary environments and prehistoric occupation in the lower White Nile valley, central Sudan. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 130, p. 72.
Mumbi, C. T. Marchant, R. and Lane, P. 2014. Vegetation Response to Climate Change and Human Impacts in the Usambara Mountains. ISRN Forestry, Vol. 2014, p. 1.
Weldeab, Syee Menke, Valerie and Schmiedl, Gerhard 2014. The pace of East African monsoon evolution during the Holocene. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue. 5, p. 1724.
Blanchet, Cécile L. Tjallingii, Rik Frank, Martin Lorenzen, Janne Reitz, Anja Brown, Kevin Feseker, Tomas and Brückmann, Warner 2013. High- and low-latitude forcing of the Nile River regime during the Holocene inferred from laminated sediments of the Nile deep-sea fan. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 364, p. 98.
Burrough, S.L. and Thomas, D.S.G. 2013. Central southern Africa at the time of the African Humid Period: a new analysis of Holocene palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimate data. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 80, p. 29.
Flaux, Clément Claude, Christelle Marriner, Nick and Morhange, Christophe 2013. A 7500-year strontium isotope record from the northwestern Nile delta (Maryut lagoon, Egypt). Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 78, p. 22.
Hamdan, Mohamed A. and Lucarini, Giulio 2013. Holocene paleoenvironmental, paleoclimatic and geoarchaeological significance of the Sheikh El-Obeiyid area (Farafra Oasis, Egypt). Quaternary International, Vol. 302, p. 154.
Kanfoush, Sharon L. 2013. Anthropogenic and climatic influences over the past three centuries on characteristics of an Adirondack lake, Eastern North America. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 99.
McGlynn, Gayle Mooney, Scott and Taylor, David 2013. Palaeoecological evidence for Holocene environmental change from the Virunga volcanoes in the Albertine Rift, central Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 61, p. 32.
Berke, Melissa A. Johnson, Thomas C. Werne, Josef P. Grice, Kliti Schouten, Stefan and Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S. 2012. Molecular records of climate variability and vegetation response since the Late Pleistocene in the Lake Victoria basin, East Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 55, p. 59.
Danley, Patrick D. Husemann, Martin Ding, Baoqing DiPietro, Lyndsay M. Beverly, Emily J. and Peppe, Daniel J. 2012. The Impact of the Geologic History and Paleoclimate on the Diversification of East African Cichlids. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 2012, p. 1.
Gelorini, Vanessa Ssemmanda, Immaculate and Verschuren, Dirk 2012. Validation of non-pollen palynomorphs as paleoenvironmental indicators in tropical Africa: Contrasting ~200-year paleolimnological records of climate change and human impact. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 186, p. 90.
A new diatom record from Lake Victoria’s Pilkington Bay, subsampled at 21- to 25-year intervals and supported by 20 AMS dates, reveals a ∼10,000 calendar year environmental history that is supported by published diatom and pollen data from two nearby sites. With their chronologies adjusted here to account for newly documented ancient carbon effects in the lake, these three records provide a coherent, finely resolved reconstruction of Holocene climate change in equatorial East Africa. After an insolation-induced rainfall maximum ca. 8800–8300 cal yr B.P., precipitation became more seasonal and decreased abruptly ca. 8200 and 5700 yr B.P. in apparent association with northern deglaciation events. Century-scale rainfall increases occurred ca. 8500, 7000, 5800, and 4000 yr B.P. Conditions after 2700 yr B.P. were generally similar to those of today, but major droughts occurred ca. 1200–600 yr B.P. during Europe’s Medieval Warm Period.
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