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Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of sediments from Lake Futalaufquen (42.8°S, Andean Patagonia) to evaluate their potential as paleoclimatic proxies

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 June 2020

Romina Daga
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina
Sergio Ribeiro Guevara
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina
Andrea Rizzo
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina
Polona Vreča
Affiliation:
Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Sonja Lojen
Affiliation:
Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia University of Nova Gorica, 5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenia
Natalia Williams
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina
Telma Musso
Affiliation:
Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ingeniería de Procesos, Biotecnología y Energías Alternativas (PROBIEN, CONICET – UNCo), Neuquén, Argentina
Valeria León
Affiliation:
Facultad de Ingeniería, UNCo, Neuquén, Argentina
Daniel Poiré
Affiliation:
Centro de Investigaciones Geológicas (UNLP-CONICET), Diagonal 113 N°275, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
Marina Arcagni
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET, Patagonia Norte, Argentina
María Arribére
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina Instituto Balseiro, UNCu, Argentina
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Lake sediments are key archives for paleoenvironmental investigation as they provide continuous records of the depositional history of the lake and its watershed. Lake Futalaufquen (42.8°S) is an oligotrophic waterbody located in Los Alerces National Park in the Andes of northern Patagonia, South America. A sedimentary sequence covering 1600 years was recovered to analyze the potential for paleoenvironmental reconstructions of the last millennia. Integration of different geochemical and mineralogical parameters and comparison with climatic reconstructions from other Patagonian records give clues for the identification of a warm period around AD 800–1000, associated with the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. The high frequency of tephra layers beginning in the mid-sixteenth century precludes identification of the Little Ice Age, recorded in northern Patagonia as a cold period from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. Furthermore, the parameters analysed do not provide evidence of late-twentieth-century global warming. However, Zn deposition, a long-distance atmospheric transport process of anthropogenic origin, was identified during the last century.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2020

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Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of sediments from Lake Futalaufquen (42.8°S, Andean Patagonia) to evaluate their potential as paleoclimatic proxies
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Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of sediments from Lake Futalaufquen (42.8°S, Andean Patagonia) to evaluate their potential as paleoclimatic proxies
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