Zhang, Tao-Tao Li, Ting-Yong Cheng, Hai Edwards, R. Lawrence Shen, Chuan-Chou Spötl, Christoph Li, Hong-Chun Han, Li-Yin Li, Jun-Yun Huang, Chun-Xia and Zhao, Xin 2017. Stalagmite-inferred centennial variability of the Asian summer monsoon in southwest China between 58 and 79 ka BP. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 160, p. 1.
Huff, W.D. and Owen, L.A. 2015. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences.
Matthews, Naomi E. Vazquez, Jorge A. and Calvert, Andrew T. 2015. Age of the Lava Creek supereruption and magma chamber assembly at Yellowstone based on40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb dating of sanidine and zircon crystals. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 16, Issue. 8, p. 2508.
Foley, A. M. Willeit, M. Brovkin, V. Feulner, G. and Friend, A. D. 2014. Quantifying the global carbon cycle response to volcanic stratospheric aerosol radiative forcing using Earth System Models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue. 1, p. 101.
Gatti, E. Villa, I. M. Achyuthan, H. Gibbard, P. L. and Oppenheimer, C. 2014. Geochemical variability in distal and proximal glass from the Youngest Toba Tuff eruption. Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 76, Issue. 9,
Langmann, Baerbel 2014. On the Role of Climate Forcing by Volcanic Sulphate and Volcanic Ash. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2014, p. 1.
Mark, Darren F. Petraglia, Michael Smith, Victoria C. Morgan, Leah E. Barfod, Dan N. Ellis, Ben S. Pearce, Nick J. Pal, J.N. and Korisettar, Ravi 2014. A high-precision 40Ar/39Ar age for the Young Toba Tuff and dating of ultra-distal tephra: Forcing of Quaternary climate and implications for hominin occupation of India. Quaternary Geochronology, Vol. 21, p. 90.
Shaviv, Nir J. Prokoph, Andreas and Veizer, Ján 2014. Is the Solar System's Galactic Motion Imprinted in the Phanerozoic Climate?. Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, p. 6150.
Visconti, Guido 2014. Anthropocene: another academic invention?. Rendiconti Lincei, Vol. 25, Issue. 3, p. 381.
Gatti, Emma and Oppenheimer, Clive 2013. Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations.
Gatti, Emma Saidin, Mokhtar Talib, Khairunnisa Rashidi, NurAsikin Gibbard, Philip and Oppenheimer, Clive 2013. Depositional processes of reworked tephra from the Late Pleistocene Youngest Toba Tuff deposits in the Lenggong Valley, Malaysia. Quaternary Research, Vol. 79, Issue. 02, p. 228.
Huff, W.D. and Owen, L.A. 2013. Treatise on Geomorphology.
Abbott, Peter M. and Davies, Siwan M. 2012. Volcanism and the Greenland ice-cores: the tephra record. Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 115, Issue. 3, p. 173.
Clarkson, Chris Jones, Sacha and Harris, Clair 2012. Continuity and change in the lithic industries of the Jurreru Valley, India, before and after the Toba eruption. Quaternary International, Vol. 258, p. 165.
Derkachev, A.N. Nikolaeva, N.A. Gorbarenko, S.A. Harada, N. Sakamoto, T. Iijima, K. Sakhno, V.G. Hua Hua, Lv and Wang, K. 2012. Characteristics and ages of tephra layers in the central Okhotsk Sea over the last 350kyr. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Vol. 61-64, p. 179.
Haslam, Michael Clarkson, Chris Roberts, Richard G. Bora, Janardhana Korisettar, Ravi Ditchfield, Peter Chivas, Allan R. Harris, Clair Smith, Victoria Oh, Anna Eksambekar, Sanjay Boivin, Nicole and Petraglia, Michael 2012. A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22. Quaternary International, Vol. 258, p. 148.
Johnston, Henry R. and Cutler, David J. 2012. Population Demographic History Can Cause the Appearance of Recombination Hotspots. The American Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 90, Issue. 5, p. 774.
Jones, Sacha C. 2012. Local- and regional-scale impacts of the ∼74 ka Toba supervolcanic eruption on hominin populations and habitats in India. Quaternary International, Vol. 258, p. 100.
Lewis, Laura Ditchfield, Peter Pal, J.N. and Petraglia, Michael 2012. Grain size distribution analysis of sediments containing Younger Toba tephra from Ghoghara, Middle Son valley, India. Quaternary International, Vol. 258, p. 180.
van der Kaars, Sander Williams, Martin A.J. Bassinot, Franck Guichard, François Moreno, Eva Dewilde, Fabien and Cook, Ellyn J. 2012. The influence of the ∼73 ka Toba super-eruption on the ecosystems of northern Sumatra as recorded in marine core BAR94-25. Quaternary International, Vol. 258, p. 45.
A general feedback between volcanism and climate at times of transition in the Quaternary climate record is suggested, exemplified by events accompanying the Toba eruption (∼74,000 yr ago), the largest known late Quaternary explosive volcanic eruption. The Toba paroxysm occurred during the δ18O stage 5a-4 transition, a period of rapid ice growth and falling global sea level, which may have been a factor in creating stresses that triggered the volcanic event. Toba is estimated to have produced between 1015 and 1016 g of fine ash and sulfur gases lofted in co-ignimbrite ash clouds to heights of at least 32 ± 5 km, which may have led to dense stratospheric dust and sulfuric acid aerosol clouds. These conditions could have created a brief, dramatic cooling or "volcanic winter," followed by estimated annual Northern Hemisphere surface-temperature decreases of ∼3° to 5°C caused by the longer-lived aerosols. Summer temperature decreases of ⩾10°C at high northern latitudes, adjacent to regions already covered by snow and ice, might have increased snow cover and sea-ice extent, accelerating the global cooling already in progress. Evidence for such climate-volcanic feedback, following Milankovitch periodicities, is found at several climatic transitions.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Abstract views reflect the number of visits to the article landing page.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 23rd July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.