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Wutke, Kristina Wulf, Sabine Tomlinson, Emma L. Hardiman, Mark Dulski, Peter Luterbacher, Jürg and Brauer, Achim 2015. Geochemical properties and environmental impacts of seven Campanian tephra layers deposited between 40 and 38 ka BP in the varved lake sediments of Lago Grande di Monticchio, southern Italy. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 118, p. 67.
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Bednarik, Robert G. 2013. African Eve: Hoax or Hypothesis?. Advances in Anthropology, Vol. 03, Issue. 04, p. 216.
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Di Vito, Mauro Antonio Arienzo, Ilenia Braia, Giuseppe Civetta, Lucia D’Antonio, Massimo Di Renzo, Valeria and Orsi, Giovanni 2011. The Averno 2 fissure eruption: a recent small-size explosive event at the Campi Flegrei Caldera (Italy). Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 73, Issue. 3, p. 295.
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Donatella, De Rita Daniela, Dolfi and Corrado, Cimarelli 2008. Occurrence of Somma-Vesuvio fine ashes in the tephrostratigraphic record of Panarea, Aeolian Islands. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 177, Issue. 1, p. 197.
Fedele, Lorenzo Scarpati, Claudio Lanphere, Marvin Melluso, Leone Morra, Vincenzo Perrotta, Annamaria and Ricci, Gennaro 2008. The Breccia Museo formation, Campi Flegrei, southern Italy: geochronology, chemostratigraphy and relationship with the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption. Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 70, Issue. 10, p. 1189.
Fedele, Francesco G. Giaccio, Biagio and Hajdas, Irka 2008. Timescales and cultural process at 40,000BP in the light of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption, Western Eurasia. Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 55, Issue. 5, p. 834.
The dating of the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption to ∼37,000 cal yr B.P. draws attention to the coincidence of this volcanic catastrophe and the suite of coeval, Late Pleistocene biocultural changes that occurred within and outside the Mediterranean region. These included the Middle to Upper Paleolithic cultural transition and the supposed change from Neanderthal to “modern” Homo sapiens anatomy, a subject of sustained debate. No less than 150 km3 of magma were extruded in the CI eruption, the signal of which can be detected in Greenland ice cores. As widespread discontinuities in archaeological sequences are observed at or following the CI event, a significant interference with ongoing human processes in Mediterranean Europe is hypothesized.
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