Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Late Holocene Coastal Plain Stratigraphy and Sea-Level History at Hanalei, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands

  • R. Scott Calhoun (a1) and Charles H. Fletcher (a1)
Abstract

Fluvial, marine, and mixed fluvial-marine deposition on the coastal plain of Hanalei Bay on the north shore of Kauai, Hawaii, records a middle- to late-Holocene fall of relative sea level. Radiocarbon dating of the regression boundary preserved in the stratigraphy of the coastal plain documents a seaward shift of the shoreline beginning at least 4800–4580 cal yr B.P. and continuing until at least 2160–1940 cal yr B.P. Marine sands stranded in the backshore and coastal plain environment are buried by fluvial floodplain and channel sands, silts, and muds. In places, erosion at the regression contact exposed older marine sands thus increasing the hiatus at the regression disconformity. The shoreline regression is best explained as the result of a fall in relative sea level. The age and elevation of the cored regression boundary at sites that have not been influenced by erosion are consistent with a middle- to late-Holocene highstand of relative sea level as predicted by geophysical models of whole Earth deformation related to deglaciation.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Athens, J. S., and Ward, J. V. (1991). Paleoenvironmental and archaeological investigations, Kawainui Marsh flood control project, Oahu Island, Hawaii. International Archaeological Research Institute, Inc., Final report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Pacific Ocean Environmental Section, Fort Shafter, Hawaii.
Athens, J. S. Ward, J. V., and Wickler, S. (1992). Late Holocene lowland vegetation, Oahu, Hawaii. New Zealand Journal of Archeology 14 , 934.
Athens, J. S., and Ward, J. V. (1993). Environmental change and prehistoric Polynesian settlement in Hawaii. Asian Perspectives 32.2, 205223.
Beaman, R. Larcombe, P., and Carter, R. M. (1994). New evidence for the Holocene sea-level high from the inner shelf, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Journal of Sedimentary Research A64.4, 881885.
Bowman, G., and Harvey, N. (1986). Geomorphic evolution of a Holocene beach-ridge complex, South Australia. Journal of Coastal Research 2.3, 345362.
Bryan, W. B., and Stephens, R. S. (1993). Coastal bench formation at Hanauma Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 105 , 377386.
Carter, R. W. G. (1988). “Coastal Environments: An Introduction to the Physical, Ecological and Cultural Systems of Coastlines.” Academic Press, San Diego.
Chrzastowski, M. J., and Thompson, T. A. (1992). Late Wisconsinan and Holocene coastal evolution of the southern shore of Lake Michigan. In “Quaternary Coasts of the United States: Marine and Lacustrine Systems” (Fletcher, C. H. and Wehmiller, J. F., Eds.), SEPM Special Publication No. 48 , pp. 397413. SEPM, Tulsa.
Dawson, A. G. (1994). Geomorphological effects of tsunami runup and backwash. Geomorphology 10 , 8394.
Dominguez, J. M. L. Martin, L., and Bittencourt, A. C. S. P. (1987). Sea-level history and Quaternary evolution of river mouth-associated beach-ridge plains along the east-southeast Brazillian coast: A summary. In “Sea-Level Fluctuation and Coastal Evolution” (Nummedal, D. Pilkey, O. H., and Howard, J. D., Eds.), SEMP Special Publication No. 41 , pp. 115127. SEPM, Tulsa.
Easton, W. H., and Olson, E. A. (1976). Radiocarbon profile of Hanauma Reef, Oahu, Hawaii. Geological Society of America Bulletin 87 , 711719.
Easton, W. H., and Olson, E. A. (1977). Radiocarbon profile of Hanauma Reef, Oahu, Hawaii: Reply. Geological Society of America Bulletin 88 , 15351536.
Fletcher, C. H., and Jones, A. T. (1996) Sea-level highstand recorded in Holocene shoreline deposits on Oahu, Hawaii. Journal of Sedimentary Research 66.3, 632641.
Fletcher, C. H., Van Pelt, J. E. Brush, G. S., and Sherman, J. (1993). Tidal wetland record of Holocene sea-level movements and climate history. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 102 , 137.
Furumoto, A. S. Herrero-Bervera, E., and Adams, W. M. (1990). Earthquake risk and hazard potential of the Hawaiian Islands. Technical Report to the State Department of Civil Defense, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics, University of Hawaii, 37p.
Jones, A. T. (1992). Holocene coral reef on Kauai, Hawaii: Evidence for a sea-level highstand in the central Pacific. In “Quaternary Coasts of the United States: Marine and Lacustrine Systems” (Fletcher, C. H. and Wehmiller, J. F., Ed.), SEPM Special Publication No. 48 , pp. 267271. SEPM, Tulsa.
Kayanne, H. Ishii, T. Matsumoto, E., and Yonekura, N. (1993). Late Holocene sea-level change on Rota and Guam, Mariana Islands, and its constraint on geophysical predictions. Quaternary Research 40 , 189200.
Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. and Sea Engineering, Inc. (1991) Aerial photograph analysis of coastal erosion on the islands of Kauai, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, and Hawaii. Prepared for State of Hawaii, Office of State Planning, Coastal Zone Management Program, Honolulu.
Matsumoto, E. Matsushima, Y. Miyata, T., and Maeda, Y. (1988). Holocene high sea-level stand on Kauai, Hawaii. In “Sea-Level Changes and Tectonics in the Middle Pacific. Report of HIPAC Project in 1986 and 1987” (Yonekura, N., Ed.), pp. 9199. Univ. of Tokyo, Japan.
Mitrovica, J. X., and Peltier, W. R. (1991). On postglacial geoid subsidence over equatorial oceans. Journal of Geophysical Research 96 , 20,05320,071.
Moberly, R. Jr. (1968). Loss of Hawaiian littoral sand. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 38 , 1734.
Moberly, R. Jr. Baver, L. D. Jr., and Morrison, A. (1965). Source and variation of Hawaiian littoral sand. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 35 , 589598.
Muhs, D. R., and Szabo, B. J. (1994). New uranium-series ages of the Waimanalo Limestone, Oahu, Hawaii: Implications for sea level during the last interglacial period. Marine Geology 118 , 315326.
Nakada, M., and Lambeck, K (1989). Late Pleistocene and Holocene sea-level change in the Australian region and mantle rheology. Geophysical Journal 96 , 497517.
Neumann, A. C., and Macintyre, I. G. (1985). Reef response to sea-level rise: Keep-up, catch-up, or give-up. In “Proceedings, Fifth International Coral Reef Congress”, pp. 105110. Tahiti.
Peltier, W. R. (1994). Ice age paleotopography. Science 265 , 195201.
Schroeder, T. (1993). Climate controls. In “Prevailing Trade Winds” (Sanderson, M., Ed.), pp. 1236. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu.
Shennan, I. Tooley, M. J. Davis, M. J., and Haggart, B. A. (1983). Analysis and interpretation of Holocene sea-level data. Nature 302 , 404406.
Stapor, F. W. Jr. Mathews, T. D., and Lindfors-Kearns, F. E. (1991). Barrierisland progradation and Holocene sea-level history in southwest Florida. Journal of Coastal Research 7.3, 815838.
Stearns, H. S. (1935). Shore benches on the island of Oahu. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 46 , 14671482.
Stearns, H. T. (1977). Radiocarbon profile of Hanauma Reef, Oahu, Hawaii: Discussion. Geological Society of America Bulletin 88 , 1535.
Stearns, H. T. (1978). Quaternary Shorelines in the Hawaiian Islands. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 237 , 157.
Tushingham, A. M., and Peltier, W. R. (1992). Ice-3G: Validation of the ICE-3G model of Wurm-Wisconsin deglaciation using a global data base of relative sea-level histories. Journal of Geophysical Research 97.B3, 32853304.
Watts, A. B., and ten Brink, U. S. (1989). Crustal structure, flexure, and subsidence history of the Hawaiian Islands. Journal of Geophysical Research 94.B8, 10,47310,500.
Woodroffe, C. D. McLean, R. Polach, H., and Wallensky, E. (1990). Sea level and coral atolls: Late Holocene emergence in the Indian Ocean. Geology 18 , 6266.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed