Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Long-Term Variations of Caloric Insolation Resulting from the Earth's Orbital Elements1

  • André L. Berger (a1)

A contribution to a global a priori model of climatic changes for the Quaternary Ice Age is tentatively proposed. Special emphases are put on the astronomical problem and on the insolation available in the assumption of a perfectly transparent atmosphere. It is shown that for these two steps an accurate solution can be obtained, limiting the cumulative effect of computational approximation and allowing input to a climatological model to be of real value. For the earth's orbital elements, the proposed solution includes terms dependent to the second degree on disturbing masses, to third degree on planetary eccentricities and inclinations and, for the obliquity and the annual general precession in longitude, also to the second degree on earth's eccentricity. Improvements introduced by this solution upon the insolation computed through the Milankovitch series are deduced from the differences between Vernekar's results and present ones. The relative agreement between results clearly shows that the new astronomical solution is probably close to the ideal one from a paleoclimatological point of view.

Hide All

This paper is based on two communications presented by the author, respectively, at the WMO-IAMAP Symposium, “Long-Term Climatic Fluctuations and the Future of Our Climate,” held in Norwich, August 1975 (Berger, 1975b), and at the XVI General Assembly of the UGGI, Symposium 19, “Garp Second Objective: Climate Change,” held in Grenoble, September 1975.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D.P. Adam , 1975. Ice Ages and thermal equilibrium of the earth. Quaternary Research. 5, 161 171.

A.L. Berger , 1977. Power and limitation of an energy-balance climate model as applied to the astronomical theory of paleoclimates. Paleogeography, Climatology, and Ecology. 21, 227 235.

A.L. Berger , 1977. Long-term variation of the earth's orbital elements. Celestial Mechanics. 15, 53 74.

A.L. Berger , 1977. Support for the astronomical theory of climatic change. Nature (London). 269, 44 45.

F.A. Bowles , 1975. Paleomagnetic significance of quartz/illite variations in cores from the Eastern Equatorial North Atlantic. Quaternary Research. 5, 225 236.

D. Brouwer , G.M. Clemence , 1961 Methods of Celestial Mechanics. Academic Press, New York and London.

95.A. Brumberg , L.S. Evdikimova , 96.I. Skripnichenko , 1975. Secular perturbations in general planetary theory. Celestial Mechanics. 11, 131 138.

P. Chyleck , J.A. Coakley , 1975. Analytical analysis of a Budyko type climate model. Journal of Atmospheric Science. 32, 675 679.

Climap Project Members 1976. The surface of the Ice-Age earth. Science. 191, 1131 1137.

C.J. Cohen , E.C. Hubbard , C. Oesterwinter , 1973. Planetary elements for 10,000,000 years. Celestial Mechanics. 7, 438 448.

W.L. Gates , 1976. Modeling the Ice-Age climate. Science. 191, 1138 1144.

J.D. Hays , J. Imbrie , N.J. Shackleton , 1976. Variations in the earth's orbit: Pacemaker of the Ice Ages. Science. 194, 1121 1132.

I.M. Held , M.J. Suarez , 1974. Simple albedo feed back models of ice cap. Tellus. 26, 613 629.

R.G. Johnson , B.T. McClure , 1976. A model for Northern Hemisphere continental ice sheet variation. Quaternary Research. 6, 325 353.

G.J. Kukla , 1975. Missing link between Milanko-vitch and climate. Nature (London). 253, 600 603.

B.J. Mason , 1976. Towards the understanding and prediction of climatic variations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. 102, 473 499.

J.M. Mitchell Jr., 1976. An overview of climatic variability and its causal mechanisms. Quaternary Research. 6, 481 493.

R.E. Newell , 1974. Changes in poleward energy flux by the atmosphere-ocean as a possible cause for Ice Ages. Quaternary Research. 4, 117 128.

G.R. North , 1975. Theory of energy-balance climate models. Journal of Atmospheric Science. 32, 2033 2043.

N.G. Pisias , G.R. Heath , T.C. Moore Jr., 1975. Lag times for oceanic responses to climatic change. Nature (London). 256, 716 717.

B. Saltzman , A.D. Vernekar , 1975. A solution for the Northern Hemisphere climatic zonation during a glacial maximum. Quaternary Research. 5, 307 320.

C. Sancetta , J. Imbrie , N.G. Kipp , 1973. Climatic record of the past 130,000 years in North Atlantic deep-sea core V23-82: Correlation with the terrestrial record. Quaternary Research. 3, 110 116.

W.D. Sellers , 1969. A global climatic model based on the energy balance of the earth-atmosphere system. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 8, 392 400.

W.D. Sellers , 1976. A two-dimensional global climatic model. Monthly Weather Review. 104, 233 248.

S.H. Schneider , R.E. Dickinson , 1974. Climatic modeling. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics. 12, 447 493.

N.J. Shackleton , N.D. Opdyke , 1973. Oxygen isotope and paleomagnetic stratigraphy of Equatorial Pacific core V28-238: Oxygen isotope temperature and ice volume on a 104 and 105 year scale. Quaternary Research. 3, 39 55.

M.J. Suarez , I.M. Held , 1976. Modeling Climatic response to orbital parameter variations. Nature (London). 263, 46 47.

J. Weertman , 1976. Milankovitch solar radiation variations and Ice Age ice sheet sizes. Nature (London). 261, 17 20.

R.T. Wetherald , S. Manabe , 1975. The effects of changing the solar constant on the climate of a general circulation model. Journal of Atmospheric Science. 32, 2044 2059.

T.M.L. Wigley , 1976. Spectral analysis and the astronomical theory of climatic change. Nature (London). 264, 629 631.

J. Williams , R.G. Barry , N.M. Washington , 1974. Simulation of atmospheric circulation using NCAR global circulation model with Ice Age boundary conditions. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 13, 305 317.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 92 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 30th April 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.