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From an Estuary to a Freshwater Lake: A Paleo-Estuary Evolution in the Context of Holocene Sea-Level Fluctuations, SE Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Antonio Alvaro Buso Junior*
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA/USP), Brazil
Luiz Carlos Ruiz Pessenda
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA/USP), Brazil
Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira
Affiliation:
SÃo Francisco University, Brazil
Paulo César Fonseca Giannini
Affiliation:
Instituto de Geociências da Universidade de SÃo Paulo, Brazil
Marcelo Cancela Lisboa Cohen
Affiliation:
Federal University of Pará, Brazil
Cecilia Volkmer-Ribeiro
Affiliation:
FundaçÃo Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Sonia Maria Barros de Oliveira
Affiliation:
Instituto de Geociências da Universidade de SÃo Paulo, Brazil
Deborah Ines Teixeira Favaro
Affiliation:
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, Brazil
Dilce De Fátima Rossetti
Affiliation:
National Institute of Space Research, Brazil
Flávio Lima Lorente
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA/USP), Brazil
Marcos Antonio Borotti Filho
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA/USP), Brazil
Jolimar Antonio Schiavo
Affiliation:
Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
José Albertino Bendassolli
Affiliation:
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (CENA/USP), Brazil
Marlon Carlos França
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-GraduaçÃo em Geologia e Geoquímica, Instituto de Geociências, Univ. Federal do Pará (UFPA), Brazil
José Tasso Felix Guimarães
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-GraduaçÃo em Geologia e Geoquímica, Instituto de Geociências, Univ. Federal do Pará (UFPA), Brazil
Geovane Souza Siqueira
Affiliation:
Vale Nature Reserve; Brazil
*
2Corresponding author. Email: alvaro.buso.jr@gmail.com.

Abstract

A sediment core was studied to characterize the influences of Holocene sea-level variations in the Barra Seca River valley, in the Atlantic rainforest, Linhares, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Biological proxies (pollen, spores, and sponge spicules), 14C dating, granulometry, δ13C, δ15N, C/N and major chemical elements revealed the establishment and the evolution of a paleo-estuary during the interval from ∼7700–585 cal BP. During the interval ∼7700–7000 cal BP, the study site was occupied by a bay-head delta, the inner portion of the paleo-estuary, presenting the most dense mangrove coverage of the entire record. In the interval ∼7000–3200 cal BP, the site was occupied by the central basin, possibly a consequence of the landward migration of the paleo-estuary. This interval presents reduced mangrove coverage, probably due to the permanent flooding of the valley. From ∼3200 cal BP, the marine influence at the site decreased probably as result of the seaward migration of the coast line. From ∼600 cal BP, the modern floodplain and freshwater lake were established. This interpretation is in agreement with the sea-level curves for the southeastern Brazilian coast, except for the fact that evidence of sea levels lower than the present at ∼4000 and ∼2500 cal BP as suggested by some authors were not found.

Type
Paleoclimatology and Paleohydrology
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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