Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

RADIOCARBON MAP OF A BOMB-PEAK LABELED HUMAN EYE

  • Laszlo Rinyu (a1), Robert Janovics (a1), Mihaly Molnar (a1), Zoltan Kisvarday (a2) and Adam Kemeny-Beke (a3)...

Abstract

The 14C/12C ratio of living organisms is largely determined by the 14C/12C ratio of consumed diet as well as by the atmospheric 14C concentration together with the body’s metabolic processes. The measured 14C content of living matter compared to the atmospheric radiocarbon level can provide invaluable information about developmental processes. Our aim was to determine the 14C content of ten different tissues of the human eye using the 14C bomb-pulse dating signature. The 14C content of the atmosphere, so called 14C “bomb-pulse” has labeled humanity offering an opportunity to determine these special formation, turnover and substitution courses in biology. The results allowed us to construct a 14C map of the bomb-peak labeled human eye. According to the anatomical location of the tissues, an unexpected picture emerged as in moving from the outer parts towards the inner parts of the eye, the 14C content of each tissue decreased. The data presented here are compatible with the view that the oldest parts of the eye are the sclera, the limbus and the cornea, in this order, and moving further inside, the youngest tissue of the eye is the retina.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. Email: rinyu.laszlo@atomki.mta.hu.

References

Hide All
Cook, GT, Dunbar, E, Black, SM, Xu, S. 2006. A preliminary assessment of age at death determination using the nuclear weapons testing 14C activity of dentine and enamel. Radiocarbon 48(3):305313.
Druffel, EM, Mok, HYI. 1983. Time history of human gallstones: application of the post–bomb radiocarbon signal. Radiocarbon 25(2):629636.
Falso, MJS, Buchholz, BA. 2013. Bomb pulse biology. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 294:666670.
Georgiadou, E, Stenström, K. 2010. Bomb-pulse dating of human material: modeling the influence of diet. Radiocarbon 52(2–3):800807.
Geyh, MA. 2001. Bomb radiocarbon dating of animal tissues and hair. Radiocarbon 43(2b):723730.
Harkness, DD, Walton, A. 1972. Further investigation of the transfer of bomb 14C to man. Nature 240:302303.
Hogg, AG, Higham, T, Robertson, S, Beukens, R, Kankainen, T, McCormac, FG, van der Plicht, J, Stuiver, M. 1995. Radiocarbon age assessment of a new, near background IAEA 14C quality assurance material. Radiocarbon 37(2):797803.
Hua, Q, Barbetti, M, Rakowski, AZ. 2013. Atmospheric radiocarbon for the period 1950–2010. Radiocarbon 55(4):20592072.
Kjeldsen, H, Heinemeier, J, Heegaard, S, Jacobsen, C, Lynnerup, N. 2010. Dating the time of birth: a radiocarbon calibration curve for human eye-lens crystallines. Nuclear Instruments and Methods Physics Research B 268:13031306.
Le Clercq, M, van der Plicht, J, Gröning, M. 1998. New 14C reference materials with activities of 15 and 50 pMC. Radiocarbon 40(1):295297.
Levin, I, Kromer, B. 2004. The tropospheric 14CO2 level in mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere (1959–2003). Radiocarbon 46(3):12611272.
Levin, I, Hammer, S, Kromer, B, Meinhardt, F. 2008. Radiocarbon observations in atmospheric CO2: determining fossil fuel CO2 over Europe using Jungfraujoch observations as background. Science of the Total Environment 391(2–3):211216.
Libby, WF, Berger, R, Mead, JF, Alexander, GV, Ross, JF. 1964. Replacement rates for human tissue from atmospheric radiocarbon. Science 146(3648):11701172.
Lynnerup, N, Kjeldsen, H, Heegraad, S, Jacobsen, C. and Heinemeier, J. 2008. Radiocarbon dating of the human eye lens crystallines reveal proteins without carbon turnover throughout life. PLoS ONE 3(1):e1529.
Major, I, Haszpra, L, Rinyu, L, Futó, I, Bihari, Á, Hammer, S, Jull, AJT, Molnar, M. 2018. Temporal variation of atmospheric fossil and modern CO2 excess at a Center European Rural Tower Station between 2008 and 2014. Radiocarbon 60(5):12851299.
Molnar, M, Janovics, R, Major, I, Orsovszki, J, Gönczi, R, Veres, M, Leonard, AG, Castle, SM, Lange, TE, Wacker, L, Hajdas, I, Jull, AJT. 2013a. Status report of the new AMS 14C sample preparation lab of the Hertelendi Laboratory of Environmental Studies (Debrecen, Hungary). Radiocarbon 55(2–3):665676.
Molnar, M, Rinyu, L, Veres, M, Seiler, M, Wacker, L, Synal, HA. 2013b. EnvironMICADAS: a mini 14C AMS with enhanced gas ion source interface in the Hertelendi Laboratory on Environmental Studies(HEKAL), Hungary. Radiocarbon 55(2–3):338344.
Mook, WG, van der Plicht, J. 1999. Reporting 14C activities and concentrations. Radiocarbon 41(3):227239.
Nydal, R, Lövseth, K, Syrstad, O. 1971. Bomb 14C in the human population. Nature 232:418421.
Reimer, PJ, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, C, Cheng, H, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Haflidason, H, Hajdas, I, Hatté, C, Heaton, TJ, Hoffmann, DL, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, Manning, SW, Niu, M, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Scott, EM, Southon, JR, Staff, RA, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.
Rinyu, L, Molnar, M, Major, I, Nagy, T, Veres, M, Kimak, A, Wacker, L, Synal, HA. 2013. Optimization of sealed tube graphitization method for environmental 14C studies using MICADAS. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 294:270275.
Rinyu, L, Orsovszki, G, Futo, I, Veres, M, Molnar, M. 2015. Application of zinc sealed tube graphitization on sub–milligram samples using EnvironMICADAS. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B 361:406413.
Scott, EM. 2003. The Fourth International Radiocarbon Intercomparison (FIRI). Radiocarbon 45(2):135150.
Spalding, KL, Buchholz, BA, Bergman, LE, Druid, H, Frisen, J. 2005. Forensics: age written in teeth by nuclear tests. Nature 437(7057):333337.
Stenhouse, MJ, Baxter, MS. 1977. Bomb 14C a biological tracer. Nature 267:828832.
Stenström, K, Skog, G, Nilsson, CM, Hellborg, R, Svegborn, SL, Georgiadou, E, Mattsson, S. 2010. Local variations in 14C—How is bomb-pulse dating of human tissues and cells affected? Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268:12991302.
Stenström, K, Skog, G, Georgiadou, E, Genberg, J, Johansson, A. 2011. A guide to radiocarbon units and calculations. Internal report, Lund University LUNFD6 (NFFR–3111):1–17.
Synal, HA, Döbeli, M, Jacob, S, Stocker, M, Suter, M. 2004. Radiocarbon AMS towards its lower-energy limits. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223–224:339345.
Synal, HA, Stocker, M, Suter, M. 2007. MICADAS: a new compact radiocarbon AMS system. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 259:713.
Wacker, L, Christl, M, Synal, HA. 2010. Bats: a new tool for AMS data reduction. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268:976979.
Wild, EM, Arlamovsky, KA, Golser, R, Kutschera, W, Priller, A, Puchegger, S, Rom, W, Steier, P, Vycudilik, W. 2000. 14C dating with the bomb peak: an application to forensic medicine. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 172:944950.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed