Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

New Organizational Practices and Working Conditions: Evidence from France in the 1990’s*

  • Philippe Askenazy (a1), Eve Caroli (a2) and Vincent Marcus (a3)

Résumé

Cet article examine l’impact des méthodes de travail innovantes sur les conditions de travail. Nous utilisons un échantillon unique de données française fournissant des informations sur les travailleurs individuels pour l’année 1998. Les nouvelles méthodes de travail qui jouent un rôle dans le succès de la nouvelle économie incluent la rotation des emplois et l’utilisation des normes de qualité. Les conditions de travail sont appréhendées par les accidents du travail ainsi que par des indicateurs de stress. En utilisant le modèle causal de Rubin, nous montrons que, même dans le cas où nous tenons compte des caractéristiques de l’employé et du poste de travail et où nous corrigeons le biais de sélection d’échantillonnage, les travailleurs pratiquent les nouvelles méthodes de travail subissent des conditions de travail significativement plus mauvaises que les autres.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Askenazy, P. (2000), “Innovations and employment: evidence from American manufacturing”, chap. 6 in Vivarelli, M. and Pianta, M. eds, The employment impact of innovation. Evidence and Policy, Routledge, London, pp. 96120.
Askenazy, P., Caroli, E., with Marcus, V. (2001), “New organizational practices and working conditions: evidence from France in the 1990s”, Couverture Orange CEPREMAP, N°200106
Askenazy, P. and Gianella, C. (2000), «La paradoxe de productivité: les changements organisationnels facteur complémentaire à l’informatisation», Economic et Statistique, N°339340, 9/10, pp 219241.
Askenazy, P. (2001), “Innovative Workplace Practices and Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in the United States”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, 22 (4).
Berg, P., Appelbaum, E. Bailey, T. and Kalleberg, A. (1996), “The Performance Effects of Modular Production in the Apparel Industry”, Industrial Relations, 35(3), pp. 356373.
Berman, E., Bound, J. and Griliches, Z. (1994), “Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor Within US Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufactures”, Quarterly Journal of Economics 109 (2), pp. 367398.
Black, S. and Lynch, . (1997), “How to Compete: the Impact of Workplace Practices and Information Technology on Productivity”, NBER Working Paper 6120.
Black, S. and Lynch, L. (2000), “What’s Driving the New Economy: The Benefits of Workplace Innovation”, NBER Working Paper 7479.
Bresnahan, T., Brynjolfsson, E. and Hitt, L. (2002), “Information Technology, Workplace Organization and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Firmlevel Evidence”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, forthcoming, (NBER Working Paper 7136).
Cappelli, P. and Neumark, D. (1999), “Do High Performance Work Practices Improve Establishment-Level Outcomes?”, NBER Working Paper 7374.
Caroli, E. (2001), “New Technologies, Organizational Change and the Skill Bias: What do we Know?”, in Pascal, Petit and Luc, Soete eds, Technoloy and the Future of European Employment, Edward Elgar, pp.259292.
Caroli, E. and Van Reenen, J. (2001), “Skill biased organizational change? Evidence from a panel of British and French establishments”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106 (4), pp.14491492.
Coutrot, T. (2000a), «Innovations dans le travail: la pression de la concurrence internationale, l’atout des qualifications», Première Synthèse DARES, 2000.3-N° 09.2.
Coutrot, T. (2000b), «Innovations et gestion de l’emploi», Première Synthèse DARES, 2000.3 -N° 12.1.
Crépon, B. and Iung, N. (1999), «Innovation, emploi et performances», document de travail INSEE N° 9904.
Fairris, D. and Brenner, M., 2001, “Workplace Transformation and the Rise in Cumulative Trauma Disorder”, Journal of Labor Research, 22(1), pp. 1528.
Fiole, M., Passeron, V. and Roger, M. (2000), «Premières Evaluations Quantitatives des Réductions Collectives du Temps de Travail», Working Paper, DARES-Ministry of Labor.
Gollac, M. and Volkoff, S. (2000), Les Conditions de Travail, Repères, Paris, La Découverte.
Greenan, N. (1996), «Progrès Technique et Changements Organisationnels: leur Impact sur l’Emploi et les Qualifications», Économie et Statistique, 298, pp. 3544.
Heckman, J., Lalonde, R. and Smith, J. A. (1999), “The Economies and Econometrics of Active Labor Market Programs, in Handbook of Labor Economics, Orley, Ashenfelter et David, Card eds, NY, Elsevier, chap. 31, pp. 18652097.
Ichinowski, C. and Shaw, K. (1995), “Old Dogs and New Tricks: Determinants of the Adoption of Productivity-Enhancing Work Practices”, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Microeconomics, pp. 165.
Ichinowski, C., Shaw, K. and Prennushi, G. (1997), “The Effects of Human Resource Management Practices on Productivity: a study of steel finishing linesAmerican Economic Review, vo. 87, 3, 291313.
ILO (1998), Psychosocial and Organizational Factors, Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, ILO, Geneva.
Merllié, D. and Paoli, P. (2001), Ten years of working conditions in the European Union, European Fondation for the improvement of living and working conditions, Dublin.
OECD (1999), “New Enterprise Work Practices and their Labour Market Implications”, in OCDE Employment Outlook, Chap. 4, pp. 195241.
Osterman, P. (2000), “Work Reorganization in an Era of Restructuring: Trends in Diffusion and Effects on Employee Welfare”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 53(2), pp. 179195.
Ramaciotti, D. and Perriard, J. (1999), “Certification qualité selon ISO 9000 et fréquence des accidents du travail dans un groupe d’entreprises suisses”, in Actes du XXXIv’ème Congrès de la SELF-CAEN, pp. 653660.
Rosenbaum, P. and Rubin, D. (1983), “The Central Role of the Propensy Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects”, Biometrika, 70 (1), pp. 4155.
Rubin, D. (1974), “Estimating Causal Effects of Treatments in Randomized and Non Randomized Studies”, Journal of Educational Psychology, 66, pp. 688701.
Tolsma, D. (1998), “Total Quality Management”, in ILO, pp.24.1–3477.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Recherches Économiques de Louvain/ Louvain Economic Review
  • ISSN: 0770-4518
  • EISSN: 1782-1495
  • URL: /core/journals/recherches-economiques-de-louvain-louvain-economic-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed