Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-ndmmz Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-12T18:12:20.487Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

An episodic account of divine personhood

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 January 2020

Department of Philosophy, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA01003, USA


I present Ned Markosian's episodic account of identity under a sortal, and then use it to sketch a new model of the Trinity. I show that the model can be used to solve at least three important Trinitarian puzzles: the traditional ‘logical problem of the Trinity’, a less-discussed problem that has been dubbed the ‘problem of triunity’, and a problem about the divine processions that has been enjoying increased attention in the recent literature.

Original Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2020

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Baber, H. E. (2015) ‘The Trinity: relative identity redux’, Faith and Philosophy, 32, 161171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baker, Lynne Rudder (2000) Persons and Bodies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brower, Jeffrey (2009) ‘Simplicity and aseity’, in Flint, T. P. & Rea, Michael (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 105128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brower, Jeffrey & Rea, Michael (2005) ‘Material constitution and the Trinity’, Faith and Philosophy, 22, 5776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cartwright, Richard (1990). ‘On the logical problem of the Trinity’, in Philosophical Essays (Cambridge MA: MIT Press), 187200.Google Scholar
Effingham, Nikk (2015) ‘Multiple location and Christian philosophical theology’, Faith and Philosophy, 32, 2544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Effingham, Nikk (2018) ‘The philosophy of filioque’, Religious Studies, 54, 297312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hasker, William (2013) Metaphysics and the Tri-Personal God (Oxford: Oxford University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hasker, William (2017) ‘God's only begotten son: a reply to Mullins’, European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 9, 217237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kleinschmidt, Shieva (2016) ‘Simple trinitarianism and feature-placing sentences’, Faith and Philosophy, 33, 257277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kleinschmidt, Shieva (2018) ‘Simple trinitarianism and empty names’, Religious Studies, 54, 325335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leftow, Brian (2004) ‘A Latin Trinity’, Faith and Philosophy, 21, 304333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leftow, Brian (2007). ‘Modes without modalism’, in Inwagen, Peter van & Zimmerman, Dean (eds) Persons: Human and Divine (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 357375.Google Scholar
Makin, Mark (2018) ‘God from God: the essential dependence model of eternal generation’, Religious Studies, 54, 377394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markosian, Ned (2008) ‘Three problems for Olson's account of personal identity’, Abstracta, 3, 1622.Google Scholar
Markosian, Ned (2010) ‘Identifying the problem of personal identity’, in Campbell, Joseph, O'Rourke, Michael, & Silverstein, Harry (eds) Time and Identity (Cambridge MA: MIT Press), 129148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markosian, Ned (2004) ‘Two arguments from Sider's Four Dimensionalism’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 68, 665673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mooney, Justin (2018) ‘A new logical problem for the doctrine of the Trinity’, Religious Studies, 54, 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moreland, J. P. and Craig, W. L. (2003) Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (Downers Grove IL: InterVarsity Press).Google Scholar
Mullins, Ryan, T. (2017) ‘Hasker on the divine processions of the trinitarian persons’, European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 9, 181216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olson, Eric (1997) The Human Animal (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
Rea, Michael C. (2009a) ‘The Trinity’, in Flint, T. P. & Rea, Michael (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 403429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rea, Michael C. (2009b) ‘Relative identity and the doctrine of the Trinity’, in McCall, Thomas & Rea, Michael (eds) Philosophical and Theological Essays on the Trinity (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 249262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swinburne, Richard (1994) The Christian God (Oxford: Oxford University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zimmerman, Dean (1997) ‘Immanent causation’, Philosophical Perspectives, 11, 433471.Google Scholar