Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Baumann, Florian and Friehe, Tim 2015. Status concerns as a motive for crime?. International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 43, p. 46.


    Brzezinski, Michal 2013. Top income shares and crime. Applied Economics Letters, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 309.


    Piotrowska, Patrycja J Stride, Christopher B and Rowe, Richard 2012. Social gradients in child and adolescent antisocial behavior: a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews, Vol. 1, Issue. 1,


    ×

Inequality and Crime across England: A Multilevel Modelling Approach

  • Adam Whitworth (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746411000388
  • Published online: 06 December 2011
Abstract

The link between inequality and negative social outcomes has been the subject of much debate recently, brought into focus by the publication of The Spirit Level. This article uses multilevel modelling to explore the relationship between inequality and five crime types at sub-national level across England. Controlling for other factors, inequality is positively associated with higher levels of all five crime types and findings are robust to alternative inequality specifications. Findings support the sociological – but not economic – theories and highlight the importance of policies to tackle broader social and economic inequalities.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

G. Becker (1968) ‘Crime and punishment: an economic approach’, Journal of Political Economy, 76, 2, 169217.

J. Blau and P. Blau (1982) ‘The cost of inequality: metropolitan structure and violent crime’, American Sociological Review, 47, 1, 114–29.

R. Bursik (1988) ‘Social disorganisation and theories of crime and delinquency: problems and prospects’, Criminology, 26, 4, 519–52.

W. Chiu and P. Madden (1998) ‘Burglary and income inequality’, Journal of Public Economics, 69, 1, 123–41.

L. Cohen and K. Land (1987) ‘Age structure and crime: symmetry vs asymmetry, and the projection of crime rates throughout the 1990s’, American Sociological Review, 52, 2, 170–83.

S. Danziger and D. Wheeler (1975) ‘The economics of crime: punishment or income redistribution’, Review of Social Economy, 33, 2, 113–31.

F De Maio . (2007) ‘Income inequality measures’, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 10, 849–52.

G. Demombynes and B. Ozler (2002) Crime and Local Inequality in South Africa, Washington, DC: The World Bank, Development Research Group.

I. Ehrlich (1973) ‘Participation in illegitimate activities: a theoretical and empirical investigation’, The Journal of Political Economy, 81, 3, 521–65.

P. Fajnzylbar , D. Lederman and N. Loayza (2002) ‘Inequality and violent crime’, The Journal of Law and Economics, 45, 1, 139.

C. Hsieh and M. Pugh (1993) ‘Poverty, inequality and violent crime: a meta-analysis of recent aggregate data studies’, Criminal Justice Review, 18, 2, 182202.

M. Kelly (2000) ‘Inequality and crime’, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 82, 4, 530–39.

B. Kennedy , I. Kawachi , D. Prothrow-Stith , K. Lochner and V. Gupta (1998) ‘Social capital, income inequality and firearm violent crime’, Social Science and Medicine, 47, 1, 717.

N. Kondo , G. Sembajwe , I. Kawachi , R. van Dam , S. Subramanian and Z. Yamagata (2009) ‘Income inequality, mortality and self-related health: meta-analysis of multilevel studies’, British Medical Journal, 339, b4471, 19.

D. Lederman , N. Loayza and A. Menedez (2002) ‘Violent crime: does social capital matter?’, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 50, 3, 509–39.

C. Loftin and R. Hill (1974) ‘Regional subculture and homicide’, American Sociological Review, 39, 5, 714–24.

R. Matthews (1987) ‘Taking realist criminology seriously’, Contemporary Crises, 11, 371401.

R. Merton (1938) ‘Social structure and anomie’, American Sociological Review, 3, 5, 672–82.

S. Messner (1982) ‘Societal development, social equality and homicide: a cross-national test of a Durkheimian model’, Social Forces, 61, 1, 225–40.

R. Sampson , J. Morenoff and F. Earls (1999) ‘Beyond social capital: spatial dynamics of collective efficacy for children’, American Sociological Review, 64, 5, 633–60.

S. Stack (1984) ‘Income inequality and property crime’, Criminology, 22, 2, 229–57.

S. Subramanian and I. Kawachi (2004) ‘Income inequality and health: what have we learned so far?’, Epidemiological Review, 26, 1, 7891.

R. Wilkinson and K. Pickett (2006) ‘Income inequality and population health: a review and explanation of the evidence’, Social Science and Medicine, 62, 7, 1768–84.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Social Policy and Society
  • ISSN: 1474-7464
  • EISSN: 1475-3073
  • URL: /core/journals/social-policy-and-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: