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The Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (MBSR) Reduces Stress-Related Psychological Distress in Healthcare Professionals

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2013

Andrés Martín-Asuero
Affiliation:
Universitat de les Illes Balears (Spain)
Gloria García-Banda
Affiliation:
Universitat de les Illes Balears (Spain)
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

This semi-experimental study examines how Mindfulness facilitates a distress reduction in a group of health professionals. The sample comprises 29 professionals seeking stress reduction who undertook an 8 weeks psico-educative intervention, involving 28 hours of class, based on a program called Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction or MBSR. Results show a 35% reduction of distress, from percentile 75 to 45, combined with a 30% reduction in rumination and a 20% decrease in negative affect. These benefits lasted during the 3 months of the follow up period. The correlation analysis indicates that the decrease in distress is significantly related to the other two variables. These results confirm the effectiveness of MBSR to decrease distress and its applicability in training programs for health professionals.

Este estudio cuasi-experimental examina si el Mindfulness o conciencia plena reduce el malestar psicológico asociado al estrés en profesionales de la salud. La muestra estaba compuesta por 29 profesionales interesados en reducir el estrés, que siguieron una intervención psicoeducativa de 8 semanas, empleando un total de 28 horas lectivas y denominada Reducción de estrés basada en Mindfulness (Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction o MBSR). Los resultados muestran una disminución del malestar del 35%, descendiendo del percentil 75 al 45, así como reducciones del 30% en rumiación y del 20% en afectividad negativa. Estas mejoras se mantienen durante el periodo de seguimiento de 3 meses posteriores a la intervención. Las correlaciones encontradas indican que la reducción en malestar psicológico conlleva una disminución de la rumiación y de la afectividad negativa. Estos resultados confirman la utilidad de la técnica MBSR para reducir el malestar psicológico en programas de formación para profesionales de la salud.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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