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Psychometric Properties of the “Spanish Burnout Inventory” in Chilean Professionals Working to Physical Disabled People

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2013

Pedro R. Gil-Monte*
Universidad de Valencia (Spain)
Víctor E. Olivares Faúndez
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Chile)
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Pedro R. Gil-Monte. Facultad de Psicología (Dep. Psicología Social). Universidad de Valencia. Avda. Blasco Ibáñez, 21. 46010 Valencia. (Spain). Phone: +34-963864564. FAX: +34-963864668. E-mail:


While the most commonly employed burnout measure has been the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), researchers have been troubled by some of the psychometric limitations of this instrument. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the “Spanish Burnout Inventory” (SBI). The psychometric properties were analysed with data from a sample of 277 Chilean professionals working to physical disabled people. The psychometric properties of the SBI were examined through the following analyses: confirmatory factor analysis, reliability Cronbach's alpha, and concurrent validity with the MBI. The hypothesized four factor model obtained an adequate data fit for the sample (X2(164) = 285.32, p < .001, GFI = .96, RMSEA = .052, NNFI = .93, CFI = .94). Results confirmed the hypothesis formulated. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was higher than .70 for the four scales of the instruments. Results supported the concurrent validity with the MBI. As a whole, the results of these study provided evidence on the adequate psychometric properties of the SBI for the study of burnout in the Chilean cultural context.

El instrumento utilizado con más frecuencia para la evaluación del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo es el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Sin embargo, presenta algunas insuficiencias psicométricas. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las propiedades psicométricas del “Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo” (CESQT). La muestra estuvo formada por 277 profesionales chilenos que trabajaban hacia personas con discapacidad física. Los análisis realizados fueron: análisis factorial confirmatorio, fiabilidad alfa de Cronbach, y análisis de la validez concurrente con el MBI. El modelo de cuatro factores hipotetizado obtuvo un ajuste adecuado (X2(164) = 285.32, p < .001, GFI = .96, RMSEA = .052, NNFI = .93, CFI = .94). Los resultados confirmaron la hipótesis formulada. El coeficiente alfa de Cronbach obtuvo valores superiores a .70 para las cuatro escalas del cuestionario. Los resultados apoyaron la validez concurrente con el MBI. Se concluye que el CESQT presenta propiedades psicométricas adecuadas para estimar el síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo en el contexto cultural chileno.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

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