Bertolote, JM, Fleischmann, A. A global perspective on the epidemiology of suicide. Suicidologi
2002; 7: 6–8.
World Health Organization. Mortality Database. WHO, 2003.
Khan, MM. Suicide prevention and developing countries. J R Soc Med
2005; 98: 459–63.
Population Reference Bureau. Pakistan. Population Reference Bureau, 2006. (http://www.prb.org/Datafinder.aspx).
Thompson Gale. Encyclopedia of the Nations: Pakistan. Thomson Corporation, 2006 (http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Pakistan-POPULATION.html).
Khan, MM, Prince, M. Beyond rates: the tragedy of suicide in Pakistan. Trop Doct
2003; 33: 67–9.
Khan, MM, Hyder, AA. Suicides in the developing world: case study from Pakistan. Suicide Life Threat Behav
2006; 36: 76–81.
The Dawn newspaper. Karachi: 5800 committed suicide in nine months: report. Dawn,
Husain, N, Creed, F, Tomenson, B. Depression and social stress in Pakistan. Psychol Med
2000; 30: 395–402.
Mumford, DB, Minhas, FA, Akhtar, I, Akhter, S, Mubbashar, MH. Stress and psychiatric disorder in urban Rawalpindi: community survey. Br J Psychiatry
2000; 177: 557–62.
Mirza, I, Jenkins, R. Risk factors, prevalence, and treatment of anxiety and depressive disorders in Pakistan: systematic review. BMJ
2004; 328: 794–8.
Foster, T, Gillespie, K, McClelland, R. Mental disorders and suicide in Northern Ireland. Br J Psychiatry
1997; 170: 447–52.
Appleby, L, Cooper, J, Amos, T, Faragher, B. Psychological autopsy study of suicides by people aged under 35. Br J Psychiatry
1999; 175: 168–74.
World Health Organization. The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD–10). WHO, 1992.
Paykel, E. Methodological aspects of life-events research. J Psychosom Res
1983; 27: 341–52.
Tyrer, P, Alexander, J. Classification of personality disorder. Br J Psychiatry
1979; 135: 163–7.
Saeed, A, Bashir, MZ, Khan, D, Iqbal, J, Raja, KS, Rehman, A. Epidemiology of suicide in Faisalabad. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
2002; 14: 34–7.
Ahmed, SH, Zuberi, H. Changing pattern of suicide and parasuicide in Karachi. J Pak Med Assoc
1981; 31: 76–8.
Ahmed, Z, Ahmed, A, Mubeen, SM. An audit of suicide in Karachi from 1995–2001. Ann Abbasi Shaheed Hosp
2003; 8: 424–8.
Cheng, AT. Mental illness and suicide. A case–control study in east Taiwan. Arch Gen Psychiatry
1995; 52: 594–603.
Cheng, ATA, Chen, THH, Chen, C-C, Jenkins, R. Psychosocial and psychiatric risk factors for suicide: case–control psychological autopsy study. Br J Psychiatry
2000; 177: 360–5.
Phillips, MR, Yang, G, Zhang, Y, Wang, L, Ji, H, Zhou, M. Risk factors for suicide in China: a national case–control psychological autopsy study. Lancet
2002; 360: 1728–36.
Vijayakumar, L, Rajkumar, S. Are risk factors for suicide universal? A case–control study in India. Acta Psychiatr Scand
1999; 99: 407–11.
Shoaib, S, Nadeem, MA, Khan, MZU. Causes and outcome of suicidal cases presented to a medical ward. Ann KE Med Coll
2005; 11: 30–2.
Eddleston, M, Sheriff, MH, Hawton, K. Deliberate self harm in Sri Lanka: an overlooked tragedy in the developing world. BMJ
1998; 317: 133–5.
Moscicki, EK. Gender differences in completed and attempted suicide. Ann Epidemiol
1994; 4: 152–8.
Qadir, F, de Silva, P, Prince, M, Khan, M. Marital satisfaction in Pakistan: a pilot investigation. Sexual Rel Ther
2005; 20: 195–209.
Shaikh, BT, Rabbani, F. The district health system: a challenge that remains. East Med Health J
2004; 10: 208–14.
Rutz, W, von Knorring, L, Wålinder, J. Long-term effects of an educational program for general practitioners given by the Swedish Committee for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression. Acta Psychiatr Scand
1995; 85: 83–8.
Bowles, J. Suicide in Western Samoa: An Example of a Suicide Prevention Program in a Developing Country. Brill, 1995.