Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Common mental disorders in a young urban population in Colombia

  • Trudy Harpham (a1), Simon Snoxell (a1), Emma Grant (a1) and Carlos Rodriguez (a2)
Abstract
Background

There are few studies of mental ill health among young people in developing countries.

Aims

To measure the prevalence of common mental disorders among low-income young people in the city of Cali, Colombia and to examine associations with violence and social capital.

Method

The Self-Reporting Questionnaire was administered to 1057 young people aged 15–25 years. Social capital, violence, alcoholism and socio-demographic variables were also measured.

Results

We found 255 young people (24%) with common mental disorders. Being a woman, having limited education and experiencing high levels of violence were the main risk factors for common mental disorders. Social capital did not emerge as a risk factor.

Conclusions

A large burden of mental ill health among young people was found; this requires urgent interventions and more research on the mechanisms which link mental health and violence.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Common mental disorders in a young urban population in Colombia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Common mental disorders in a young urban population in Colombia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Common mental disorders in a young urban population in Colombia
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Professor Trudy Harpham, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 0AA, UK. E-mail: t.harpham@lsbu.ac.uk
Footnotes
Hide All

Declaration of interest

None. Funding detailed in Acknowledgements.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Canadian Mental Health Association (2003) Violence and Mental Illness. Toronto: CMHA. Available at: http://www.cmha.ca/english/info_centre/mh_pamphlets/mh_pamphlet_vmi.htm.
Centro de Estudios e Informacionen Salud (CEIS) de la Fundación Santafe de Bogotá (1996) Segunda Encuesta Nacional Sobre Consumo de Alcohol, Tabaco y Sustancias Psicoactivas en Colombia. Bogotá: CEIS.
Donald, M., Dower, J., Lucke, J., et al (2000) The Queensland Young Peoples Mental Health Survey Report. Queensland: University of Queensland.
Edmondson, R. (2003) Social capital: a strategy for enhancing health? Social Science and Medicine, 57, 17231733.
Gilligan, I. (2000) Violence in public health and preventative medicine. Lancet, 355, 18021803.
Harpham, T., Grant, E. & Thomas, E. (2002) Measuring social capital within health surveys: key issues. Health Policy and Planning, 17, 106111.
Harpham, T., Reichenheim, M., Oser, R., et al (2003) Measuring mental health in a cost-effective manner. Health Policy and Planning, 18, 344349.
Krishna, A. & Schrader, E. (1999) Social Capital Assessment Tool. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Lima, B., Pai, S., Santacruz, H., et al (1991) Psychiatric disorder among poor victims following a major disaster – Armero, Colombia. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 47, 717.
Lomas, J. (1998) Social capital and health: implications for public health and epidemiology. Social Science and Medicine, 47, 11811188.
Manchester City Council (2004) Mental Health. Manchester, UK: MCC. Available at: http://www.manchester.gov.uk/health/jhu/intelligence/reports/mental.htm.
Martin Centeno, A. & Ojano, C. (2001) El medico de atencion primaria en la prevenciony tratamiento de los problemas relacionados con el consumo de alcohol. Medicina General, 32, 233240.
Mazza, J.J. & Reynolds, W. M. (1999) Exposure to violence in younginner-city adolescents: relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, and PTSD symptomatology. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 203213.
McKenzie, K., Whitley, R. & Weich, S. (2002) Social capital and mental health. British Journal of Psychiatry, 181, 280283.
Moon, L., Meyer, P. & Gran, J. (1999) Australia's Young People: Their Health and Well-Being. Canberra: Australia Institute of Health and Welfare.
Moser, C. & Schrader, E. (1999) A Conceptual Framework for Violence Reduction. Washington DC: World Bank.
Municipality of Cali (2000) Cali en Cifras. Cali: Municipal Department.
Observatorio Social, Secretaria de Gobierno, Convivencia y Seguridad, AlcaldíAa Santiago de Cali (2003) Informe: Primer Semestre 2003 en la Ciudad de Cali. Santiago de Cali Colombia: Observatorio Social, Secretaria de Gobierno, Convivencia y Seguridad, Alcaldía Santiago de Cali.
Orpinas, P. (1999) Who is violent? Factors associated with aggressive behaviours in Latin America and Spain. Revista Panamericana de la Salud Publica, 5, 232244.
Sampson, R., Raudenbush, S. & Earls, F. (1997) Neighbourhoods and violent crime: a multi-level study ofcollective efficacy. Science, 227, 918924.
World Health Organization (1994) User's Guide to the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ). Geneva: World Health Organization.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 54 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 172 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 2nd January 2018 - 18th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Common mental disorders in a young urban population in Colombia

  • Trudy Harpham (a1), Simon Snoxell (a1), Emma Grant (a1) and Carlos Rodriguez (a2)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *