American Psychiatric Association (1980) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn). Washington, DC: APA.
Appelbaum, P. S., Mirkin, S. A. & Bateman, A.L. (1981) Empirical assessment of competency to consent to psychiatric hospitalization. American Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 1170–1176.
Arieti, S. (1974) The Interpretation of Schizophrenia (2nd edn). London: Crosby Lockwood Staples.
Bartkó, G., Herczeg, I. & Zádor, G. (1988) Clinical symptomatology and drug compliance in schizophrenic patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 77, 74–76.
Bauer, R. M. (1984) Autonomic recognition of names and faces in prosopagnosia: a neuropsychological application of the guilty knowledge test. Neuropsychologic, 22, 457–469.
Bisiach, E. (1988) Language without thought. In Thought Without Language (ed. L. Weiskrantz). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bleuler, E. (1913) Autistic thinking. American Journal of Insanity, 69, 873–886.
Bleuler, E. (1924) Textbook of Psychiatry (trans. Brill, A. A., ). New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
Brett-Jones, J. R., Garety, P. & Hemsley, D. (1987) Measuring delusional experiences: a method and its application. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 26, 256–257.
Brooks, G. W., Deane, W. N. & Hugel, R. W. (1968) Some aspects of the subjective experience of schizophrenia. Diseases of the Nervous System, 29 (suppl. 5), 78–82.
Brown, R. (1973) Schizophrenia, language and reality. American Psychologist, 28, 395–403.
Chapman, L. J. & Chapman, J. P. (1980) Scales for rating psychotic and psychotic-like experiences as continue
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 6, 476–489.
Cotard, J. (1882) Nihilistic delusions. In Themes and Variations in European Psychiatry
(eds S. R. Hirsch & M. Shepherd). Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
Cutting, J. (1985) The Psychology of Schizophrenia.
London: Churchill Livingstone.
Cutting, J. & Murphy, D. (1988) Schizophrenic thought disorder: a psychological and organic interpretation. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 310–319.
David, A. S. & Nestadt, G.
The assessment of insight (in preparation).
Eskey, A. (1958) Insight and prognosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 14, 426–429.
Fodor, J. A. (1983) The Modularity of Mind.
Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Freedman, A. M., Kaplan, H. I. & Sadock, B. J. (1975) Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, vol. 1 (2nd edn). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
Freud, S. (1913) On beginning the treatment (further recommendations on the technique of psychoanalysis I). Standard Edition
vol. 12, pp. 123–144. London: Hogarth Press.
Freud, S. (1933) The dissection of the psychical personality. Standard Edition
, vol. 22, pp. 57–80. London: Hogarth Press.
Frith, C. D. (1987) The positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia reflect impairments in the perception and initiation of action. Psychological Medicine, 17, 631–648.
Garety, P. A. (1985) Delusions: problems of definition and measurement. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 58, 25–34.
Garety, P. A. & Hemsley, D. R. (1987) Characteristics of delusional experience. European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 236, 294–298.
Gelder, M., Gath, D. & Mayou, R. (1983) Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Greer, S. (1983) Cancer and the mind. British Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 535–543.
Hamilton, M. (1974) Fish's Clinical Psychopathology.
Bristol: John Wright.
Harré, R. & Lamb, R. (eds) (1983) Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Psychology.
Oxford: Basil Black well.
Heinrichs, D. W., Cohen, B. P. & Carpenter, W. T. (1985) Early insight and the management of schizophrenic decompensation. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 173, 133–138.
Hemsley, D. R. & Garety, P. A. (1986) The formation of delusions: a Bayesian analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 51–56.
Hunter, R. & Macalpine, I. (1963) 300 years of Psychiatry 1535–1860.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Huq, S. F., Garety, P. A. & Hemsley, D. R. (1988) Probabilistic judgements in deluded and non-deluded subjects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40A, 801–812.
Jaspers, K. (1913) General Psychopathology (trans. Hoenig, J. & Hamilton, M. W., ). Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Junginger, J. & Frame, C. L. (1985) Self-report of the frequency and phenomenology of verbal hallucinations. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 173, 149–155.
Kendler, K. S., Glazer, W. M. & Morgenstern, H. (1983) Dimensions of delusional experience. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 466–469.
Kraepelin, E. (1913) Lectures on Clinical Psychiatry (2nd edn) (trans. Johnstone, T.). London: Baillière Tindall.
Kräupl Taylor, F. (1981) On pseudo-hallucinations. Psychological Medicine, 11, 265–271.
Landis, C. (1964) Insight. In Varieties of Psychopathological Experience.
New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Lewis, A. (1934a) The psychopathology of insight. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 14, 332–348.
Lewis, A. (1934b) Melancholia: a clinical survey of depressive states. Journal of Mental Science, 80, 277–378.
Lin, I. F., Spiga, R. & Fortsch, W. (1979) Insight and adherence to medication in chronic schizophrenics. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 40, 430–432.
Lishman, W. A. (1987) Organic Psychiatry, Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.
Lord, C. G., Ross, L. & Lepper, M. R. (1979) Biased assimilation and attitude polarization: the effects of prior theories on subsequently considered evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 2098–2109.
Maher, B. & Ross, J. S. (1984) Delusions. In Comprehensive Handbook of Psychopathology (eds H. E. Adams & P. B. Sutker), pp. 383–409. New York: Plenum Press.
Marcel, A. J. (1983) Conscious and unconscious perception: experiments on visual masking and word recognition. Cognitive Psychology, 15, 197–237.
Markovits, H. (1988) Conditional reasoning, representation and empirical evidence on a concrete task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40A, 483–495.
Marks, I. M. & Mishan, J. (1988) Dysmorphophobic avoidance from disturbed bodily perception: a pilot study of exposure therapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 674–678.
Mayer-Gross, W., Slater, E. & Roth, M. (1960) Clinical Psychiatry (2nd edn). London: Cassell.
McEvoy, J. P., Aland, J., Wilson, W. H., et al (1981) Measuring chronic schizophrenic patients' attitudes toward their illness and treatment. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 32, 856–858.
McEvoy, J. P., Apperson, L. J., Applebaum, P. S., et al (1989a) Insight into schizophrenia. Its relationship to acute psychopathology. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 43–47.
McEvoy, J. P., Freter, S., Everett, G., et al (1989b) Insight and the clinical outcome of schizophrenic patients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 48–51.
McGlashan, T. H. & Carpenter, W. T. (1981) Does attitude towards psychosis relate to outcome?
American Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 797–801.
McGlynn, S. M. & Schacter, D. L. (1989) Unawareness of deficits in neuropsychological syndromes. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Neuropsychology, 11, 143–205.
McKenna, P. J. (1984) Disorders with overvalued ideas. British Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 579–585.
Milton, F., Patwa, V. K. & Hafner, R. J. (1978) Confrontation vs belief-modification in persistently deluded patients. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 51, 127–130.
Mullen, P. (1979) Phenomenology of disordered mental function. In Essentials of Postgraduate Psychiatry (eds P. Hill, R. Murray & G. Thorley). London: Academic Press.
Overall, J. E. & Gorham, D. R. (1962) The brief psychiatric rating scale. Psychological Reports, 10, 799–812.
Pilowsky, I. (1978) A general classification of abnormal illness behaviour. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 51, 131–137.
Post, F. (1983) Clinical assessment of mental disorders. In Handbook of Psychiatry, vol. 1 (eds M. Shepherd & O. L. Zangwill), p. 219. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rachman, S. (1983) Irrational thinking, with special reference to cognitive therapy. Advances in Behavioural Therapy, 5, 63–88.
Reid, J. R. & Finesinger, J. E. (1952) The role of insight in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 108, 726–734.
Richfield, J. (1954) Analysis of the concept of insight. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23, 390–408.
Roback, H. B. & Abramowitz, S. I. (1979) Insight and hospital adjustment. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 24, 233–236.
Robinson, M. F. & Freeman, W. (1954) Psychosurgery and the Self.
New York: Grune & Stratton.
Rudden, M., Gilmore, M. & Frances, A. (1982) Delusions: When to confront the facts of life. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 929–932.
Russell, B. (1912) The Problems of Philosophy
. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ryle, G. (1949) The Concept of the Mind.
Sacks, M. H., Carpenter, W. T. & Strauss, J. S. (1974) Recovery from delusions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 30, 117–120.
Sandler, J., Dare, C. & Holder, A. (1973) The Patient and the Analyst.
London: Maresfield Reprints.
Slade, P. D. & Bentall, R. (1988) Sensory Deception: The Scientific Study of Hallucinations.
London: Croom & Helm.
Soskis, D. A. & Bowers, M. B. (1969) The schizophrenic experience: a follow-up study of attitude and posthospital adjustment. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 149, 443–449.
Sperry, R. W. (1968) Hemisphere disconnection and the unity of conscious awareness. American Psychologist, 23, 723–733.
Strachey, J. (1934) The nature of the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 15, 127–159.
Strauss, J. S. (1969) Hallucinations and delusions as points on continua function. Archives of General Psychiatry, 21, 581–586.
Szasz, T. S. (1974) The Age of Madness.
London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Taylor, P. J. (1985) Motives for offending among violent and psychotic men. British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 491–498.
Van Putten, T., Crumpton, E. & Yale, C. (1976) Drug refusal in schizophrenia and the wish to be crazy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 33, 1443–1446.
Weinstein, E. A. & Kahn, R. L. (1955) Denial of Illness.
Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.
Wellman, H. M. & Bartsch, K. (1988) Young children's reasoning about beliefs. Cognition, 30, 239–277.
Wing, J. K. (ed.) (1975) Schizophrenia from Within.
Surbiton, Surrey: National Schizophrenia Fellowship.
Wing, J. K., Monck, E., Brown, G. W., et al (1964) Morbidity in the community of schizophrenic patients discharged from London mental hospitals in 1959. British Journal of Psychiatry, 110, 10–21.
Wing, J. K., Cooper, J. E. & Sartorius, N. (1974) Measurement and Classification of Psychiatric Symptoms.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Winters, K. C. & Neale, J. M. (1983) Delusions and delusional thinking in psychotics: a review of the literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 3, 227–253.
World Health Organization (1973) Report of the International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia, vol. 1. Geneva: WHO.
Zilboorg, G. (1952) The emotional problem and the therapeutic role of insight. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 21, 1–24.