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The Research Domain Criteria: moving the goalposts to change the game

  • Joanne L. Doherty (a1) and Michael J. Owen (a1)
Summary

There is increasing concern that a reliance on the descriptive, syndrome-based diagnostic criteria of ICD and DSM is impeding progress in research. The USA's major funder of psychiatric research, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), have stated their intention to encourage more research across diagnostic categories using a novel framework based on findings in neuroscience.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Michael J. Owen, Institute of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff CF24 4HQ, UK. Email: owenmj@cardiff.ac.uk
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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1 Hyman, SE. The diagnosis of mental disorders: the problem of reification. Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2010; 6: 155–17.
2 Craddock, N, Owen, MJ. The Kraepelinian dichotomy – going, going … but still not gone. Br J Psychiatry 2010; 196: 92–5.
3 Owen, MJ. Intellectual disability and major psychiatric disorders: a continuum of neurodevelopmental causality. Br J Psychiatry 2012; 200: 268–9.
4 Ellison-Wright, I, Bullmore, E. Anatomy of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophr Res 2010; 117: 112.
5 Kapur, S, Phillips, AG, Insel, TR. Why has it taken so long for biological psychiatry to develop clinical tests and what to do about it? Mol Psychiatry 2012; 17: 1174–9.
6 Insel, T. Transforming Diagnosis. National Institute of Mental Health, 2013 (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/director/2013/transforming-diagnosis.shtml).
7 Cuthbert, BN, Insel, TR. Toward the future of psychiatric diagnosis: the seven pillars of RDoC. BMC Med 2013; 11: 126.
8 National Institute of Mental Health. NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). NIMH, 2011 (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/research-priorities/rdoc/nimh-research-domain-criteria-rdoc.shtml#toc_matrix).
9 Insel, T, Lieberman, JA. DSM-5 and RDoC: Shared Interests. National Institute of Mental Health, 2013 (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2013/dsm-5-and-rdoc-shared-interests.shtml).
10 Herper, M. Why Psychiatry's Seismic Shift Will Happen Slowly. Forbes, 2013 (http://www.forbes.com/sites/matthewherper/2013/05/08/why-psychiatrys-seismic-shift-will-happen-slowly).
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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The Research Domain Criteria: moving the goalposts to change the game

  • Joanne L. Doherty (a1) and Michael J. Owen (a1)
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