Hawton, K, Rodham, K, Evans, E, Weatherall, R.
Deliberate self-harm in adolescents: self-report survey in schools in England. BMJ
2002; 325: 1207–11.
De Leo, D, Heller, TS. Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey. Med J Aust
2004; 181: 140–4.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
2004; 53 (SS02): 1–96.
O'Connor, R, Sheehy, N. Understanding Suicidal Behaviour.
Hawton, K, Houston, K, Shepperd, R. Suicide in young people: a study of 174 cases, aged under 25 years, based on coroners' and medical records. Br J Psychiatry
1999; 175: 271–6.
Department of Health. Suicide Prevention Strategy for England.
Scottish Executive. Choose Life. The National Suicide Prevention Strategy and Action Plan.
Hawton, K, Rodham, K. By Their Own Hand. Deliberate Self-Harm and Suicidal Ideas in Adolescents.
Jessica Kingsley, 2006.
Platt, S, McLean, J, McCollam, A, Blamey, A, Mackenzie, M, McDaid, D, et al. Evaluation of the First Phase of Choose Life: The National Strategy and Action Plan to Prevent Suicide in Scotland. Scottish Executive Social Research, 2006.
Brock, A, Baker, A, Griffiths, C, Jackson, G, Fegan, G, Marshall, D. Suicide trends and geographical variations in the United Kingdom, 1991–2004. Health Stat Q
2006; 31: 6–22.
National Institute for Mental Health for England. National Suicide Prevention Strategy for England. Annual Report on Progress 2006.
Portzky, G, De Wilde, E-J, van Heeringen, K.
Deliberate self-harm in young people: differences in prevalence and risk factors between The Netherlands and Belgium. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry
2008; 17: 179–86.
Carver, CS, Scheier, MF. On the Self-Regulation of Behavior.
Cambridge University Press, 1998.
O'Connor, RC, Whyte, MC, Fraser, L, Masterton, G, Miles, J, MacHale, S. Predicting short-term outcome in well-being following suicidal behaviour: the conjoint effects of social perfectionism and positive future thinking. Behav Res Ther
2007; 45: 1543–55.
O'Connor, RC, Cassidy, C. Predicting hopelessness: the interaction between optimism/pessimism and specific future expectancies. Cogn Emot
2007; 21: 596–613.
British Educational Research Association. Ethical Guidelines for Educational Research.
British Psychological Society. Guidelines for Minimum Standards of Ethical Approval in Psychological Research.
White, D, Leach, R, Sims, R, Atkinson, M, Cottrell, D. Validation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for use with adolescents. Br J Psychiatry
1999; 175: 452–4.
Plutchick, R, van Praag, HM, Picard, S, Conte, HR, Korn, M. Is there a relation between the seriousness of suicidal intent and the lethality of the suicide attempt?
1989; 27: 71–9.
Robson, P. Development of a new self-report questionnaire to measure self-esteem. Psychol Med
1989; 19: 513–8.
O'Connor, RC, Armitage, CJ, Gray, L. The role of clinical and social cognitive variables in parasuicide. Br J Clin Psychol
2006; 45: 465–81.
Scheier, MF, Carver, CS, Bridges, MW. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. J Pers Soc Psychol
1994; 67: 1063–78.
Hewitt, PL, Flett, GL. Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology. J Pers Soc Psychol
1991; 60: 456–70.
Sullivan, C, Arensman, E, Keeley, HS, Corcoran, P, Perry, IJ. Young People's Mental Health: A Report of the Results from the Lifestyle and Coping Survey.
National Suicide Foundation, 2004.
SISA. Power and Calculating Confidence Intervals (http://www.quantitativeskills.com/sisa/statistics/omhlp.htm).
Zahl, DL, Hawton, K. Repetition of deliberate self-harm and subsequent suicide risk: long-term follow-up study of 11 583 patients. Br J Psychiatry
2004; 185: 70–5.
Ystgaard, M, Reinholdt, NP, Husby, J, Mehlum, L. Deliberate self-harm in adolescents. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen
2003; 123: 2241–5.
Centers for Disease Control. Attempted suicide among high school students – United States, 1990. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
1991; 24: 633–5.
Fekete, S, Voros, V, Osvath, P. Suicidal behaviour and psychopathology in adolescents: results of a self-report survey of 15 and 16-year-old adolescent people in Hungary. Eur Neuropsychopharm
Bjarnason, T, Thorlindsson, T. Manifest predictors of past suicide attempts in a population of Icelandic adolescents. Suicide Life Threat Behav
1994; 24: 350–8.
Cheng, AT, Hawton, K, Lee, CT, Chen, TH. The influence of media reporting of the suicide of a celebrity on suicide rates: a population-based study. Int J Epidemiol
2007; 36: 1229–34.
Exeter, DJ, Boyle, PJ. Does young adult suicide cluster geographically in Scotland?
J Epidemiol Community Health
2007; 61: 731–6.
Melhem, NM, Brent, DA, Ziegler, M, Iyengar, S, Kolko, D, Oquendo, M, et al. Familial pathways to early-onset suicidal behavior: familial and individual antecedents of suicidal behavior. Am J Psychiatry
2007; 164: 1364–70.
Brunstein Klomek, A, Marrocco, F, Kleinman, M, Schonfeld, IS, Gould, MS. Bullying, depression, and suicidality in adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
2007; 46: 40–9.
Spirito, A, Esposito-Smythers, C. Attempted and completed suicide in adolescence. Annu Rev Clin Psychol
2006; 2: 237–66.