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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Shihata, Sarah Egan, Sarah J. and Rees, Clare S. 2014. Evaluation of Magical Thinking: Validation of the Illusory Beliefs Inventory. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Vol. 43, Issue. 3, p. 251.

    Helgadóttir, Fjóla Dögg Menzies, Ross G. and Einstein, Danielle A. 2012. Magical thinking and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in Australia and Iceland: A cross-cultural comparison. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Vol. 1, Issue. 3, p. 216.


The treatment of magical ideation in two individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder

  • Danielle A. Einstein (a1), Ross G. Menzies (a2), Tamsen St Clare (a3), Juliette Drobny (a3) and Fjola Dogg Helgadottir (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 13 December 2010

Data collected from clinical populations indicate that magical ideation (MI) may play a causal or a mediating role in the expression of obsessive compulsive symptoms. If this is the case then when targeted in treatment, symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) should be altered. Two individuals diagnosed with OCD received a trial treatment targeting magical thinking. The intervention consisted of a series of procedures designed to undermine superstitious/MI without targeting obsessions or compulsions. The procedures involved critical analysis of the following material: (1) a free astrology offer; (2) a horoscope prediction exercise; (3) a description of four different cultural explanations of the origin of fire; (4) an instructive guide for Tarot card readers; (5) a report of a UFO sighting; (6) a video-clip describing a cult festival; (7) a description of a ‘hoax’ channeler and (8) a superstition exercise. Measures of obsessive compulsive symptoms, superstition, MI and thought–action fusion were administered pre-treatment, post-treatment and at 3 months’ follow-up. According to the twofold criterion of Jacobson et al. (Behaviour Therapy 1984, 15, 336–352), following treatment the patients were identified as being recovered on measures of magical and superstitious thinking and on the Padua Inventory.

Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: Dr D. A. Einstein, Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia. (email:
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