Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Arizona Twin Project: A Focus on Early Resilience

  • Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant (a1), Sierra Clifford (a1), Kristy McDonald (a1), T. Caitlin O'Brien (a1) and Carlos Valiente (a1)...

Abstract

The Arizona Twin Project is an ongoing longitudinal study designed to elucidate the genetic and environmental influences underlying the development of early competence and resilience to common mental and physical health problems during infancy and childhood. Participants are a sample of 600 twins (25% Hispanic) recruited from birth records in the state of Arizona, United States. Primary caregivers were interviewed on twins’ development and early social environments when twins were 12 and 30 months of age. Measures include indices of prenatal and obstetrical risk coded from hospital medical records, as well as primary caregiver-report questionnaires assessing multiple indicators of environmental risk and resilience (e.g., parental warmth and control, family and social support), twins’ developmental maturity, temperament, health, behavior problems, and competencies. Preliminary findings highlight the importance of the early environment for infant and toddler health and well-being, both directly and as a moderator of genetic influences. Future directions include a third longitudinal assessment in middle childhood examining daily bidirectional relations between sleep, health behaviors, stress, and mood.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Arizona Twin Project: A Focus on Early Resilience
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Arizona Twin Project: A Focus on Early Resilience
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Arizona Twin Project: A Focus on Early Resilience
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

address for correspondence: Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Box 871104, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA. Email: klemery@asu.edu

References

Hide All
Alpern, G., Boll, T., & Shearer, M. (1986). Developmental Profile II manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychology Associates.
Armstrong, J. M., Goldstein, L. H., & The MacArthur Working Group on Outcome Assessment. (2003). Manual for the MacArthur Health and Behavior Questionnaire (HBQ 1.0). Pittsburgh, PA: MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Psychopathology and Development, University of Pittsburgh (David J. Kupfer, Chair).
Barclay, N. L., Eley, T. C., Rijsdijk, F. V., & Gregory, A. M. (2011). Dependent negative life events and sleep quality: An examination of gene-environment interplay. Sleep Medicine, 12, 403409. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2010.09.009
Biringen, Z., & Robinson, J. (1991). Emotional availability in mother-child interactions: A reconceptualization for research. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61 (2), 258271. doi: 10.1037/h0079238
Block, J. H. (1965). The child rearing practices report. Berkeley, CA: Institute of Human Development, University of California.
Boivin, M., Pérusse, D., Dionne, G., Saysset, V., Zoccolillo, M., Tarabulsy, G. M., . . . Tremblay, R. E. (2005). The genetic-environmental etiology of parents’ perceptions and self-assessed behaviours toward their 5-month-old infants in a large twin and singleton sample. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46 (6), 612630. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00375.x
Branca, F., & Ferrari, M. (2002). Impact of micronutrient deficiencies on growth: The stunting syndrome. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 46 (1), 817. doi: 10.1159/000066397
Bricker, D., & Squires, J. (1999). Ages and stages questionnaire (ASQ) (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Brookes.
Briggs-Gowan, M. J., Carter, A. S., Bosson-Heenan, J., Guyer, A. E., & Horwitz, S. M. (2006). Are infant-toddler social-emotional and behavioral problems transient? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 45 (7), 849858. doi: 10.1097/01.chi.0000220849.48650.59
Briggs-Gowan, M. J., Carter, A. S., Skuban, E. M., & Horowitz, S. M. (2001). Prevalence of social-emotional and behavioral problems in a community sample of 1- and 2-year-old children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 811819. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200107000-00016
Budd, K. S., McGraw, T. E., Farbisz, R., Murphy, T. B., Hawkins, D., Heilman, N., & Werle, M. (1992). Psychosocial concomitants of children's feeding disorders. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 17 (1), 8194. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/17.1.81
Caldwell, B., & Bradley, R. (1979). Home observation for measurement of the environment: A revision of the preschool scale. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 84, 235244.
Campbell, S. B. (1995). Behavior problems in preschool children: A review of recent research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 113149. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1995.tb01657.x
Carter, A. S., Little, C., Briggs-Gowan, M. J., & Kogan, N. (1999). The infant-toddler social and emotional assessment (ITSEA): Comparing parent rating to laboratory observations of task mastery, emotion regulation, coping behaviors and attachment status. Infant Mental Heath Journal, 4, 375392. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0355(199924)20:4<375::AID-IMHJ2>3.0.CO;2-P
Chatoor, I. (2002). Feeding disorders in infants and toddlers: Diagnosis and treatment. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 11, 163183. doi: 10.1016/S1056-4993(01)00002-5
Crnic, K. A., & Greenberg, M. T. (1990). Minor parenting stresses with young children. Child Development, 61 (5), 16281637. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1990.tb02889.x
Davis, M. H. (1983). Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 113126. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.44.1.113
Drake, L., O'Brien, T. C., McDonald, K., Valiente, C., & Lemery-Chalfant, K. (2010, March 11–14). Parent characteristics, cognitions, and behaviors as predictors of infant sleep difficulties. Proceedings of the International Conference on Infant Studies, Baltimore, MD.
Dunst, C. J., Jenkins, V., & Trivette, C. M. (1984). The Family Support Scales: Reliability and validity. Health Perspectives, 1, 4552.
Egger, H. L., & Angold, A. (2006). Common emotional and behavioral disorders in preschool children: Presentation, nosology, and epidemiology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 313337. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01618.x
Ferber, R. (1995). Assessment of sleep disorders in the child. In Ferber, R. & Kryger, M. (Eds.), Principles and practice of sleep medicine in the child (pp. 4553). Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders.
Forget-Dubois, N., Perusse, D., Turecki, G., Girard, A., Billette, J., Rouleau, G. . . . Tremblay, R. E. (2003). Diagnosing zygosity in infant twins: Physical similarity, genotyping, and chorionicity. Twin Research, 6, 479485. doi: 10.1375/136905203322686464
Fox, S. E., Levitt, P., & Nelson, C. A. (2010). How the timing and quality of early experiences influence the development of brain architecture. Child Development, 81, 2840. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01380.x
Gartstein, M., & Rothbart, M. K. (2003). Studying infant temperament via the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire. Infant Behavior & Development, 26, 6468. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(02)00169-8
Goldsmith, H. H. (1991). A zygosity questionnaire for young twins: A research note. Behavior Genetics, 21, 257269. doi: 10.1007/BF01065819
Gregory, A., & O'Connor, T. G. (2002). Sleep problems in childhood: A longitudinal study of developmental change and association with behavioral problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 964971. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200208000-00015
Halberstadt, A., Cassidy, J., Stifer, C., Parke, R., & Fox, N. (1995). Self-expressiveness within the family context: Psychometric support for a new measure. Psychological Assessment, 7, 93103. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.7.1.93
Herth, K. (1991). Development and refinement of an instrument to measure hope. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 5, 3956.
Holden, G. W., Coleman, S., & Schmidt, K. (1995). Why 3-year-old children get spanked: Parent and child determinants as reported by college-educated mothers. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 41, 431452.
Jeon, S., O'Brien, T. C., McDonald, K., Valiente, C., & Lemery-Chalfant, K. (2010, March 11–14). Temperament and self-regulation in infant feeding difficulties. Proceedings of the International Conference on Infant Studies, Baltimore, MA.
Keenan, K., Shaw, D., Delliquadri, E., Giovanelli, J., & Walsh, B. (1998). Evidence for the continuity of early problem behaviors: Application of a developmental model. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26, 441454. doi: 10.1023/A:1022647717926
Lam, P., Hiscock, H., & Wake, M. (2003). Outcomes of infant sleep problems: A longitudinal study of sleep, behavior and maternal well-being. Pediatrics, 111 (3), 203207. doi: 10.1542/peds.111.3.e203
Lemery-Chalfant, K. (2010). How genes and environments work together to promote resilience. In Reich, J., Zautra, A. J., & Hall, J. S. (Eds.), Handbook of adult resilience (pp. 5580). New York, NY: Guilford.
Littman, B., & Parmalee, A. H. (1974). Manual for obstetrical complications. Los Angeles, CA: Department of Pediatrics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA).
Matheny, A. P., Wachs, T. D., Ludwig, J. L., & Phillips, K. (1995). Bringing order out of chaos – psychometric characteristics of the Confusion, Hubbub, and Order scale. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 16, 429444. doi: 10.1016/0193-3973(95)90028-4
McDonald, K. (2011). Links between prenatal stress and obstetrical complications and infant behavior: A twin design. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University.
McKee, L., Roland, E., Coffelt, N., Olson, A. L., Forehand, R., Massari, C., . . . Zens, M. S. (2007). Harsh discipline and child problem behaviors: The role of positive parenting and gender. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 187196. doi: 10.1007/s10896-007-9070-6
Minde, K., Whitelaw, A., Brown, J., & Fitzhardinge, P. (1983). Effect of neonatal complications in premature infants on early parent-infant interactions. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 6, 763777. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1983.tb13845.x
Moffitt, T. E., Arsenault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H. . . . Caspi, A. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth and public safety. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108 (7), 26932698. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1010076108
Morrell, J. (1999). The role of maternal cognitions in infant sleep problems as assessed by a new instrument, the Maternal Cognitions about Infant Sleep Questionnaire. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 247258. doi: 10.1111/1469-7610.00438
Morrell, J., & Cortina-Borja, M. (2002). The developmental change in strategies parents employ to settle young children to sleep, and their relationship to infant sleeping problems, as assessed by a new questionnaire: The parental interactive bedtime behaviour scale. Infant and Child Development, 11, 1741. doi: 10.1002/icd.251
Morrell, J., & Steele, H. (2003). The role of attachment security, temperament, maternal perception, and care-giving behavior in persistent infant sleeping problems. Infant Mental Health Journal, 24, 447468. doi: 10.1002/imhj.10072
Neff, K. (2003). Development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223250. doi: 10.1080/15298860309027
O'Brien, T. C., Kao, K., Valiente, C., & Lemery-Chalfant, K. (2011, March 31–April 2). Happy parents have happy babies: Positive parent personality, emotional availability, and infant problem behaviors. Paper presented at the 2011 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Montreal, Canada.
Pearlin, L. I., & Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19, 221.
Pleasure, J., Gennaro, S., Cnaan, A., & Wolf, F. (1997). An expanded neonatal morbidity scale for premature infants. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 5, 119138.
Price, T. S., Freeman, B., Craig, I. W., Petrill, S. A., Ebersole, L., & Plomin, R. (2000). Infant zygosity can be assigned by parental report questionnaire data. Twin Research, 3, 129133. doi: 10.1375/twin.3.3.129
Purcell, S. (2002). Variance components models for gene–environment interaction in twin analysis. Twin Research, 5, 554571. doi: 10.1375/twin.5.6.554
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385401. doi: 10.1177/014662167700100306
Reif, S., Beler, B., Villa, Y., & Spirer, Z. (1995). Long-term follow-up and outcome of infants with non-organic failure to thrive. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences, 31, 483489.
Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., Hershey, K. L., & Fisher, P. (2001). Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: The Children's Behavior Questionnaire. Child Development, 72, 13941408. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00355
Sadeh, A., Raviv, A., & Gruber, R. (2000). Sleep patterns and sleep disruptions in school-age children. Developmental Psychology, 36, 291301. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.36.3.291
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 10631078.
Sherbourne, C. D., & Stewart, A. L. (1991). The MOS Social Support Survey. Social Science and Medicine, 32, 705714. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(91)90150-B
Shonkoff, J. P., & Phillips, D. A. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Silk, J. S., Vanderbilt-Adriance, E., Shaw, D. S., Forbes, E. E., Whalen, D. J., Ryan, N. D., & Dahl, R. E. (2007). Resilience among children and adolescents at risk for depression: Mediation and moderation across social and neurobiological contexts. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 841865. doi: 10.1017/S0954579407000417
Swann, G., Araica, E., O'Brien, T. C., Kao, K., Valiente, C., & Lemery-Chalfant, K. (2012). Impact of early parental warmth and concurrent punitive discipline on the heritability of young children's problem behaviors. Behavior Genetics (abstract).
Thomasgard, M., Metz, P., Edelbrock, C., & Shonkoff, J. (1995). Parent-child relationship disorders. Part I. Parental overprotection and the development of the Parental Protection Scale. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 16, 244250.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 10631070. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063
Wolke, D., Meyer, R., Ohrt, B., & Riegel, K. (1995). Co-morbidity of crying and feeding problems with sleeping problems in infancy: Concurrent and predictive associations. Early Development and Parenting, 4, 191207. doi: 10.1002/edp.2430040405

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed