Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Australian Twin Registry: 30 Years of Progress

  • John L. Hopper (a1), Debra L. Foley (a2), Paul A. White (a3) and Vincent Pollaers (a4)

The Australian Twin Registry (ATR) is a national volunteer resource of twin pairs and higher-order multiples willing to consider participating in health, medical, and scientific research. The vision of the ATR is ‘to realize the full potential of research involving twins to improve the health and well-being of all Australians’. The ATR has been funded continuously by the National Health and Medical Council for more than 30 years. Its core functions entail the recruitment and retention of twin members, the maintenance of an up-to-date database containing members’ contact details and baseline information, and the promotion and provision of open access to researchers from all institutes in Australia, and their collaborators, in a fair and equitable manner. The ATR is administered by The University of Melbourne, which acts as custodian. Since the late 1970s the ATR has enrolled more than 40,000 twin pairs of all zygosities and facilitated more than 500 studies that have produced at least 700 peer-reviewed publications from classical twin studies, co-twin control studies, within-pair comparisons, twin family studies, longitudinal twin studies, randomized controlled trials, and epigenetics studies, as well as studies of issues specific to twins. New initiatives include: a Health and Life Style Questionnaire; data collection, management, and archiving using a secure online software program (The Ark); and the International Network of Twin Registries. The ATR's expertise and 30 years of experience in providing services to national and international twin studies has made it an important resource for research across a broad range of disciplines.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Australian Twin Registry: 30 Years of Progress
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Australian Twin Registry: 30 Years of Progress
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Australian Twin Registry: 30 Years of Progress
      Available formats
Corresponding author
address for correspondence: John L. Hopper, Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic and Analytic Epidemiology, The University of Melbourne, Level 3, 207 Bouverie St, Carlton, VIC 3010, Australia. E-mail:
Hide All
S. F. Berkovic , R. A. Howell , D. A. Hay , & J. L. Hopper (1998). Epilepsies in twins: Genetics of the major epilepsy syndromes. Annals of Neurology, 43, 435445.

S. F. Berkovic , A. McIntosh , R. A. Howell , A. Mitchell , L. J. Sheffield , & J. L. Hopper (1996). Familial temporal lobe epilepsy: A common disorder identified in twins. Annals of Neurology, 40, 227235.

M. R. Bockmann , A. V. Harris , C. N. Bennett , R. Odeh , T. E. Hughes , & G. C. Townsend (2011). Timing of colonization of caries-producing bacteria: An approach based on studying monozygotic twin pairs. International Journal of Dentistry, 2011, 571573.

L. Gordon , J. H. Joo , R. Andronikos , O. Ollikainen , E. M. Wallace , M. P. Umstad , . . . J. M. Craig (2011). Expression discordance of monozygotic twins at birth: Effect of intrauterine environment and a possible mechanism for fetal programming. Epigenetics, 6, 579592.

J. L. Hopper , & E. Seeman (1994). The bone density of female twins discordant for tobacco use. New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 387392.

K. M. Klein , S. S. Xu , K. Lawrence , A. Fischer , & S. F. Berkovic (2012). Evidence for genetic factors in vasovagal syncope: A twin-family study. Neurology, 79, 561565.

B. McGregor , J. Pfitzner , G. Zhu , M. Grace , A. Eldridge , J. Pearson , . . . N. G. Martin (1999). Genetic and environmental contributions to size, color, shape, and other characteristics of melanocytic naevi in a sample of adolescent twins. Genetic Epidemiology, 16, 4053.

R. Saffery , R. Morley , J. B. Carlin , J. H. Joo , M. Ollikainen , B. Novakovic , . . . J. M. Craig (2012). Cohort profile: The Peri/postnatal Epigenetic Twins Study (PETS). International Journal of Epidemiology, 41, 5556.

S. Staton , K. Thorpe , C. Thompson , & S. Danby (2012). To separate or not to separate?: Parental decision making regarding the separation of twins in the early years of schooling. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 10, 196208.

S. N. Tabrizi , N. Taylor , M. J. McCullough , G. Phillips , J. Wark , . . . CeCaGeEnStudy Group. (2010). Human papillomavirus genotype detection from archival Papanicolaou-stained cervical smears. Cancer Cytopathology, 118, 482489.

L. Vadlamudi , L. M. Dibbens , K. M. Lawrence , X. Iona , J. M. McMahon , W Murrell , A. Mackay-Sim , I. E. Scheffer , & S. F. Berkovic (2010). Timing of de novo mutagenesis: A twin study of sodium channel mutations. New England Journal of Medicine, 363, 13351340.

T. D. Wade , S. Byrne , & R. Bryant-Waugh (2008). The Eating Disorder Examination: Norms and construct validity with young and middle adolescent girls. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 551558.

S. M. Wilksch , & T. D. Wade (2010). Risk factors for clinically significant importance of shape and weight in adolescent females. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 206215.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Twin Research and Human Genetics
  • ISSN: 1832-4274
  • EISSN: 1839-2628
  • URL: /core/journals/twin-research-and-human-genetics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 128 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 157 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 16th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.