Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-pftt2 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-22T19:21:07.728Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

From Reading to Rio: Oscar Wilde in Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 February 2021

Abstract

This essay examines the reverberations of the Oscar Wilde trials in Brazil, using it to probe how a “widening” of Victorian studies might work and arguing that looking beyond the use nodes of comparison enriches our understanding of the long nineteenth century.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The author(s), Cambridge University Press 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Works Cited

Don Quixote. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
O Jornal do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
La lanterne: Journal hebdomadaire. Nouméa, New Caledonia, 1885–86. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, JO-5952.Google Scholar
O Paiz. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
Reynolds's Newspaper. London.Google Scholar
The Rio Times. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
Aguirre, Robert D. Mobility and Modernity: Panama in the Nineteenth-century Anglo-American Imagination. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alves, Jones Figueiredo, Rosenblatt, Paulo, and de Souza, Ailton Alfredo. “Editorial: Special Issue on Brazilian Law Reform.” European Journal of Law Reform 15, no. 2 (2013): 35.Google Scholar
Anderson, Benedict. The Spectre of Comparisons: Nationalism, Southeast Asia and the World. London: Verso, 1998.Google Scholar
Arrigucci Júnior, Davi, and Balderston, Daniel. Debate on Sylvia Molloy, “Decadentismo e Ideologia: Economias de Desejo na América Hispânica Finissecular.” In Literatura e história na América Latina, edited by Chiappini, Ligia and de Aguilar, Flávio Wolf, 2733. 2nd ed. São Paulo: Edusp, 2001.Google Scholar
Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, and Tiffin, Helen. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-colonial Literatures. 1989. London: Routledge, 2002.Google Scholar
Banerjee, Sukanya. “Transimperial.Victorian Literature and Culture 46, nos. 3/4 (2018): 925–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banerjee, Sukanya, Fong, Ryan D., and Michie, Helena. “Introduction: Widening the Nineteenth Century.” Victorian Literature and Culture 49, no. 1 (2021).Google Scholar
Braga-Pinto, César. “Eccentrics, Extravagants, and Deviants in the Brazilian Belle Époque, or How João Do Rio Emulated Oscar Wilde.” Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies 28, no. 3 (2019): 353–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bristow, Joseph. “The Blackmailer and the Sodomite: Oscar Wilde on Trial.” Feminist Theory 17, no. 1 (2016): 4162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broca, Brito. A vida literária no Brasil, 1900. 1956. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio, 2004.Google Scholar
Cocks, Harry G. “Blackmail.” In The Global Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) History, edited by Chiang, Howard, 1:236238. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2019.Google Scholar
Cocks, Harry G. Nameless Offences: Homosexual Desire in the Nineteenth Century. London: I. B. Tauris, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cocks, Harry G. “Wilde and the Law.” In Oscar Wilde in Context, edited by Powell, Kerry and Raby, Peter, 297304. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, Ed. Talk on the Wilde Side. New York: Routledge, 1993.Google Scholar
Cota, Luiz Gustavo Santos. “Não só ‘para inglês ver’: Justiça, escravidão e abolicionismo em Minas Gerais.” História social 21 (2011): 6592.Google Scholar
Daly, Suzanne. The Empire Inside: Indian Commodities in Victorian Domestic Novels. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dilke, Charles Wentworth. Greater Britain: A Record of Travel in English-Speaking Countries during 1866 and 1867. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1869.Google Scholar
Elfenbein, Andrew. “On the Trials of Oscar Wilde: Myths and Realities.” BRANCH. www.branchcollective.org/?ps_articles=andrew-elfenbein-on-the-trials-of-oscar-wilde-myths-and-realities#_ftn3.end (accessed 23 Sept. 2019).Google Scholar
Faria, Gentil Luiz de. A presença de Oscar Wilde na “Belle Époque” literária brasileira. São Paulo: Editora Pannartz, 1988.Google Scholar
Foldy, Michael S. The Trials of Oscar Wilde: Deviance, Morality, and Late-Victorian Society. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
Forman, Ross G. “Nineteenth-century Beefs: British Types and the Brazilian Stage.” Nineteenth-Century Contexts 32, no. 4 (2010): 337–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forman, Ross G. “Randy on the Rand: Portuguese African Labor and the Discourse of ‘Unnatural Vice’ in the Transvaal in the Early Twentieth Century.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, no. 4 (2002): 570609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forman, Ross G. “Theater of the Impressed: The Brazilian Stage in the Nineteenth Century.Portuguese Literary and Cultural Studies 4/5 (2001): 91102.Google Scholar
Foucault, Michel. The Will to Knowledge. Vol. 1 of The History of Sexuality. Translated by Hurley, Robert. London: Penguin, 1978.Google Scholar
Fry, Peter. Para inglês ver: Identidade e política na cultura brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editores, 1982.Google Scholar
Green, James N. Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Green, James N, and Ronald Polito. Frescos trópicos: Fontes sobre a homosexualidade masculina no Brasil (1870–1980). Rio de Janeiro: Editora José Olympio, 2004.Google Scholar
Hirsch, Adam J. The Rise of the Penitentiary: Prisons and Punishment in Early America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Hofmeyr, Isabel. Gandhi's Printing Press: Experiments in Slow Reading. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Houlbrook, Matt. Queer London: Perils and Pleasures in the Sexual Metropolis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Kendall A. The New Middle Kingdom: China and the Early American Romance of Free Trade. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.Google Scholar
Kaplan, Morris B. Sodom on the Thames: Sex, Love, and Scandal in Wilde Times. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Macedo, Francisco Ferraz de. Da prostituição em geral, e em particular em relaçao á cidade do Rio de Janeiro: Prophylaxia da syphilis. Rio de Janeiro: Typographia Academica, 1873.Google Scholar
Marshall, Oliver. “Imagining Brazil: The Recruitment of English Labourers as Brazilian Colonos.” In English-Speaking Communities in Latin America, edited by Marshall, Oliver, 233–59. London: Macmillan, 2000.Google Scholar
Molloy, Sylvia. “The Politics of Posing.” In Hispanisms and Homosexuality, edited by Molloy, Sylvia and Irwin, Robert, 141–60. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Molloy, Sylvia. “Too Wilde for Comfort: Desire and Ideology in Fin-de-Siecle Spanish America.” Social Text nos. 31/32 (1992): 187201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Puri, Tara. “Indian Objects, English Body: Utopian Yearnings in Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South.” Journal of Victorian Culture 22, no. 1 (2017): 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Racine, Karen. “‘This England and This Now’: British Cultural and Intellectual Influence in the Spanish American Independence Era.” Hispanic American Historical Review 90, no. 3 (2010): 423–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rappaport, Erika. A Thirst for Empire: How Tea Shaped the Modern World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rock, David. “The British of Argentina.” In Settlers and Expatriates, edited by Bickers, Robert, 1844. Oxford History of the British Empire Companion Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. 1993. London: Vintage, 1994.Google Scholar
Sapra, Nitin. “The Origins and Role of the Penitentiary in Brazil, Scandinavia, and the United States.” Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 41, no. 3 (2018): 343–60.Google Scholar
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Tendencies. London: Routledge, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sinfield, Alan. The Wilde Century: Effeminacy, Oscar Wilde and the Queer Moment. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.Google Scholar
“Startling Revelations of the Vice and Immorality in the Chinese Compounds.” [London]: 1906. National Library of South Africa, Cape Town Campus Special Collections, AZP.1987-15.Google Scholar
Traub, Valerie. Thinking Sex with the Early Moderns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upchurch, Charles. Before Wilde: Sex between Men in Britain's Age of Reform. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.Google Scholar
Wilde, Oscar. A Ballada do Enforcado. Translated by Elysio de Carvalho. Rio de Janeiro: Edição do Brasil Moderno/Typographia Alinda, 1899.Google Scholar
Wilde, Oscar. A Ballada do Enforcado. Translated by Carvalho, Elysio de. Illustrated by Cavalcanti, Emiliano Di. Rio de Janeiro: Edição da Revista Nacional, 1919.Google Scholar
Wilde, Oscar. Children in Prison and Other Cruelties of Prison Life. London: Murdoch, 1898.Google Scholar
Don Quixote. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
O Jornal do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
La lanterne: Journal hebdomadaire. Nouméa, New Caledonia, 1885–86. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, JO-5952.Google Scholar
O Paiz. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
Reynolds's Newspaper. London.Google Scholar
The Rio Times. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Google Scholar
Aguirre, Robert D. Mobility and Modernity: Panama in the Nineteenth-century Anglo-American Imagination. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alves, Jones Figueiredo, Rosenblatt, Paulo, and de Souza, Ailton Alfredo. “Editorial: Special Issue on Brazilian Law Reform.” European Journal of Law Reform 15, no. 2 (2013): 35.Google Scholar
Anderson, Benedict. The Spectre of Comparisons: Nationalism, Southeast Asia and the World. London: Verso, 1998.Google Scholar
Arrigucci Júnior, Davi, and Balderston, Daniel. Debate on Sylvia Molloy, “Decadentismo e Ideologia: Economias de Desejo na América Hispânica Finissecular.” In Literatura e história na América Latina, edited by Chiappini, Ligia and de Aguilar, Flávio Wolf, 2733. 2nd ed. São Paulo: Edusp, 2001.Google Scholar
Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, and Tiffin, Helen. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-colonial Literatures. 1989. London: Routledge, 2002.Google Scholar
Banerjee, Sukanya. “Transimperial.Victorian Literature and Culture 46, nos. 3/4 (2018): 925–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banerjee, Sukanya, Fong, Ryan D., and Michie, Helena. “Introduction: Widening the Nineteenth Century.” Victorian Literature and Culture 49, no. 1 (2021).Google Scholar
Braga-Pinto, César. “Eccentrics, Extravagants, and Deviants in the Brazilian Belle Époque, or How João Do Rio Emulated Oscar Wilde.” Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies 28, no. 3 (2019): 353–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bristow, Joseph. “The Blackmailer and the Sodomite: Oscar Wilde on Trial.” Feminist Theory 17, no. 1 (2016): 4162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broca, Brito. A vida literária no Brasil, 1900. 1956. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio, 2004.Google Scholar
Cocks, Harry G. “Blackmail.” In The Global Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) History, edited by Chiang, Howard, 1:236238. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2019.Google Scholar
Cocks, Harry G. Nameless Offences: Homosexual Desire in the Nineteenth Century. London: I. B. Tauris, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cocks, Harry G. “Wilde and the Law.” In Oscar Wilde in Context, edited by Powell, Kerry and Raby, Peter, 297304. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, Ed. Talk on the Wilde Side. New York: Routledge, 1993.Google Scholar
Cota, Luiz Gustavo Santos. “Não só ‘para inglês ver’: Justiça, escravidão e abolicionismo em Minas Gerais.” História social 21 (2011): 6592.Google Scholar
Daly, Suzanne. The Empire Inside: Indian Commodities in Victorian Domestic Novels. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dilke, Charles Wentworth. Greater Britain: A Record of Travel in English-Speaking Countries during 1866 and 1867. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1869.Google Scholar
Elfenbein, Andrew. “On the Trials of Oscar Wilde: Myths and Realities.” BRANCH. www.branchcollective.org/?ps_articles=andrew-elfenbein-on-the-trials-of-oscar-wilde-myths-and-realities#_ftn3.end (accessed 23 Sept. 2019).Google Scholar
Faria, Gentil Luiz de. A presença de Oscar Wilde na “Belle Époque” literária brasileira. São Paulo: Editora Pannartz, 1988.Google Scholar
Foldy, Michael S. The Trials of Oscar Wilde: Deviance, Morality, and Late-Victorian Society. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
Forman, Ross G. “Nineteenth-century Beefs: British Types and the Brazilian Stage.” Nineteenth-Century Contexts 32, no. 4 (2010): 337–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forman, Ross G. “Randy on the Rand: Portuguese African Labor and the Discourse of ‘Unnatural Vice’ in the Transvaal in the Early Twentieth Century.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, no. 4 (2002): 570609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forman, Ross G. “Theater of the Impressed: The Brazilian Stage in the Nineteenth Century.Portuguese Literary and Cultural Studies 4/5 (2001): 91102.Google Scholar
Foucault, Michel. The Will to Knowledge. Vol. 1 of The History of Sexuality. Translated by Hurley, Robert. London: Penguin, 1978.Google Scholar
Fry, Peter. Para inglês ver: Identidade e política na cultura brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editores, 1982.Google Scholar
Green, James N. Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Green, James N, and Ronald Polito. Frescos trópicos: Fontes sobre a homosexualidade masculina no Brasil (1870–1980). Rio de Janeiro: Editora José Olympio, 2004.Google Scholar
Hirsch, Adam J. The Rise of the Penitentiary: Prisons and Punishment in Early America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Hofmeyr, Isabel. Gandhi's Printing Press: Experiments in Slow Reading. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Houlbrook, Matt. Queer London: Perils and Pleasures in the Sexual Metropolis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Kendall A. The New Middle Kingdom: China and the Early American Romance of Free Trade. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.Google Scholar
Kaplan, Morris B. Sodom on the Thames: Sex, Love, and Scandal in Wilde Times. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Macedo, Francisco Ferraz de. Da prostituição em geral, e em particular em relaçao á cidade do Rio de Janeiro: Prophylaxia da syphilis. Rio de Janeiro: Typographia Academica, 1873.Google Scholar
Marshall, Oliver. “Imagining Brazil: The Recruitment of English Labourers as Brazilian Colonos.” In English-Speaking Communities in Latin America, edited by Marshall, Oliver, 233–59. London: Macmillan, 2000.Google Scholar
Molloy, Sylvia. “The Politics of Posing.” In Hispanisms and Homosexuality, edited by Molloy, Sylvia and Irwin, Robert, 141–60. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Molloy, Sylvia. “Too Wilde for Comfort: Desire and Ideology in Fin-de-Siecle Spanish America.” Social Text nos. 31/32 (1992): 187201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Puri, Tara. “Indian Objects, English Body: Utopian Yearnings in Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South.” Journal of Victorian Culture 22, no. 1 (2017): 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Racine, Karen. “‘This England and This Now’: British Cultural and Intellectual Influence in the Spanish American Independence Era.” Hispanic American Historical Review 90, no. 3 (2010): 423–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rappaport, Erika. A Thirst for Empire: How Tea Shaped the Modern World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rock, David. “The British of Argentina.” In Settlers and Expatriates, edited by Bickers, Robert, 1844. Oxford History of the British Empire Companion Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. 1993. London: Vintage, 1994.Google Scholar
Sapra, Nitin. “The Origins and Role of the Penitentiary in Brazil, Scandinavia, and the United States.” Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 41, no. 3 (2018): 343–60.Google Scholar
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Tendencies. London: Routledge, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sinfield, Alan. The Wilde Century: Effeminacy, Oscar Wilde and the Queer Moment. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.Google Scholar
“Startling Revelations of the Vice and Immorality in the Chinese Compounds.” [London]: 1906. National Library of South Africa, Cape Town Campus Special Collections, AZP.1987-15.Google Scholar
Traub, Valerie. Thinking Sex with the Early Moderns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upchurch, Charles. Before Wilde: Sex between Men in Britain's Age of Reform. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.Google Scholar
Wilde, Oscar. A Ballada do Enforcado. Translated by Elysio de Carvalho. Rio de Janeiro: Edição do Brasil Moderno/Typographia Alinda, 1899.Google Scholar
Wilde, Oscar. A Ballada do Enforcado. Translated by Carvalho, Elysio de. Illustrated by Cavalcanti, Emiliano Di. Rio de Janeiro: Edição da Revista Nacional, 1919.Google Scholar
Wilde, Oscar. Children in Prison and Other Cruelties of Prison Life. London: Murdoch, 1898.Google Scholar