Skip to main content
×
Home

The Breakdown of Industrial Opposition to Trade: Firms, Product Variety, and Reciprocal Liberalization

Abstract

This article documents systematic deviations from standard models of trade politics, each of which has the effect of undermining sustained efforts at coherent industrial opposition to trade. Industries have internal disagreements about liberalization, support for trade liberalization extends bilaterally across borders in the same industry, and comparative disadvantage industries feature convincing expressions of public support for liberalization. These surprising outcomes are explained by a model of trade politics that emphasizes three factors: firm heterogeneity in export performance, product differentiation, and reciprocal liberalization. The author uses a new data set of industry attitudes about fifteen US trade agreements to show that product differentiation is strongly correlated with these outcomes, even conditional on plausible alternatives. The author concludes that public position-taking and lobbying on trade politics have been fundamentally altered by the rise of product variety; trade's opponents and indifferents have been overwhelmed by pro-globalization firms breaking out to support trade on their own.

Copyright
References
Hide All

* Thanks to the anonymous reviewers for many valuable suggestions. Thanks also to William Clark, Jeffry Frieden, Elhanan Helpman, Michael Hiscox, Andrew Kerner, James Morrow, Dustin Tingley, and the participants at the University of Michigan's Political Economy Workshop.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World Politics
  • ISSN: 0043-8871
  • EISSN: 1086-3338
  • URL: /core/journals/world-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary Materials

Osgood supplementary material
Abstract and contributors information

 Word (16 KB)
16 KB
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Osgood supplementary material
Osgood supplementary material 1

 PDF (257 KB)
257 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 254 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 747 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th December 2016 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.