Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The Breakdown of Industrial Opposition to Trade: Firms, Product Variety, and Reciprocal Liberalization

  • Iain Osgood
Extract

This article documents systematic deviations from standard models of trade politics, each of which has the effect of undermining sustained efforts at coherent industrial opposition to trade. Industries have internal disagreements about liberalization, support for trade liberalization extends bilaterally across borders in the same industry, and comparative disadvantage industries feature convincing expressions of public support for liberalization. These surprising outcomes are explained by a model of trade politics that emphasizes three factors: firm heterogeneity in export performance, product differentiation, and reciprocal liberalization. The author uses a new data set of industry attitudes about fifteen US trade agreements to show that product differentiation is strongly correlated with these outcomes, even conditional on plausible alternatives. The author concludes that public position-taking and lobbying on trade politics have been fundamentally altered by the rise of product variety; trade's opponents and indifferents have been overwhelmed by pro-globalization firms breaking out to support trade on their own.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The Breakdown of Industrial Opposition to Trade
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The Breakdown of Industrial Opposition to Trade
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The Breakdown of Industrial Opposition to Trade
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All

* Thanks to the anonymous reviewers for many valuable suggestions. Thanks also to William Clark, Jeffry Frieden, Elhanan Helpman, Michael Hiscox, Andrew Kerner, James Morrow, Dustin Tingley, and the participants at the University of Michigan's Political Economy Workshop.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World Politics
  • ISSN: 0043-8871
  • EISSN: 1086-3338
  • URL: /core/journals/world-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Osgood supplementary material
Abstract and contributors information

 Word (16 KB)
16 KB
PDF
Supplementary materials

Osgood supplementary material
Osgood supplementary material 1

 PDF (257 KB)
257 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 362 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1072 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th December 2016 - 23rd May 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.