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The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in South Korea


In this paper, I investigate why a bureaucratic-authoritarian (hereafter BA) regime emerged in South Korea during the early 1970s. The regime transition was the outcome of conflict among key political actors who were constrained, although not in a deterministic way, by the change in the Korean economic structure. It can be understood as the outcome of strategic choices made by key political actors among alternatives that satisfied structural constraints.

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Seymour M. Lipset , “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy,” American Political Science Review 53 (March 1959), 69105

Bennett and Sharpe, “Capitalism, bureaucratic authoritarianism and prospects for democracy in the United States,” International Organization 36 (Summer 1982), 633–50

Adriano, “A Critique of the ‘Bureaucratic Authoritarian State’ Thesis: The Case of the philippines,” Journal of Contemporary Asia 14 (No. 4, 1984), 459–84

Hartlyn, “The Impact of Patterns of Industrialization and of Popular Sector Incorporation on Political Regime Type: A Case Study of Colombia,” Studies in Comparative International Development 19 (Spring 1984), 2960.

George Philip , “Military Authoritarianism in South America: Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina,” Political Studies 32 (March 1984), 120

David G. Becker , “Development, Democracy, and Dependency in Latin America: a postimperialist view,” Third World Quarterly 6 (April 1984), 411–31.

Luiz Bresser Pereira , “Six Interpretations of the Brazilian Social Formation,” Latin American Perspectives 11 (Winter 1984), 6263.

Hyun Chin Lim , “Dependent Development in the World System: The Case of South Korea, 1963–1979,” Ph.D. diss. (Harvard University, 1982)

John C. H. Fei and Gustav Ranis , “A Model of Growth and Employment in the Open Dualistic Economy: The Case of Korea and Taiwan,” Journal of Development Studies 11 (January 1975), 46.

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World Politics
  • ISSN: 0043-8871
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