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Vitamin E: pharmaceutical role in poultry male fecundity

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 February 2012

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Razi University, Iran
Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Razi University, Iran
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 700100 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 700100 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
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Recent studies have suggested that avian semen contains a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) which are characterised by an increased susceptibility to lipid peroxidation. Free radicals are produced as a consequence of lipid peroxidation and these can impact on the fertility of male birds. The seminal plasma has been equipped with a defence mechanism called antioxidant capacity which protects semen integrity against the negative impact of ROS (reactive oxygen species). From the available literature, it can be surmised that lipid peroxidation is one of the major causes of low fertility in male birds which can be remedied with supplementation of exogenous vitamin E. Vitamin E provides biological stability to spermatozoal plasma membranes by inhibiting the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recent studies have suggested a role of vitamin E in improving semen quality and subsequent better fertility. In this review the current knowledge of physiology of ROS and antioxidative role of vitamin E to treat avian male fertility is discussed.

Review Article
Copyright © World's Poultry Science Association 2012

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