The Upper Ordovician (Katian–Hirnantian) brachiopods of Tafilalt, eastern Anti-Atlas, are locally abundant, diverse and well preserved, providing a near-continuous record of faunal change on a high-latitude siliciclastic-dominated platform. A chronostratigraphic framework, based on brachiopod distribution and preservation in shell accumulation events and integrated with sequence stratigraphy, has been generated for the Katian interval, which has allowed correlation with the chitinozoan-based chronostratigraphic and sequence-stratigraphic framework erected for the central Anti-Atlas. In Tafilalt, two Katian (transgressive–regressive) composite depositional sequences, c. 60 and 170 m thick and related to third-order fluctuations in sea level, were unaffected by Hirnantian glaciogenic erosion. They were deposited on a mixed platform with a bryonoderm association dominated by brachiopods, bryozoans and echinoderms. Brachiopods developed in high-energy inner shelf areas, whereas bryozoans (mainly trepostomates and fenestrates) and pelmatozoans (cystoids and crinoids) dominated in low-energy outer shelf areas. Brachiopod accumulations mark distinct event surfaces, such as lag and event concentrations, hydraulic simple and composite concentrations related to transgressive surfaces, and hiatal condensed concentrations marking maximum flooding surfaces. The taphonomic condensation displayed by the Hirnantian Alnif Member, which onlaps the erosive base of glaciogenic tunnel channels, is explained as reworking and resedimentation of allochthonous, robust, biogenic hard parts sourced from the underlying (Katian) Ktaoua Group.